Follow
Publications: 88 | Followers: 0

WHY HISTORY_ - UC San Diego Social Sciences

Publish on Category: Birds 0

LATI 50Introduction to Latin America
WHY HISTORY?
HOMILIES AND BROMIDES
“I hated History… just a bunch of facts and dates… Ugh!”“Who needs it? Stuff that happened so long ago!”“History is bunk.” (Henry Ford)“History repeats itself.”“Those who ignore history are condemned to repeat it.”“We should be looking forward, not backward…”
HOMILIES AND BROMIDES
“I hated History… just a bunch of facts and dates… Ugh!”“Who needs it? Stuff that happened so long ago!”“History is bunk.” (Henry Ford)“History repeats itself.”“Those who ignore history are condemned to repeat it.”“We should be looking forward, not backward…”
A SIMPLE IDEA
History can help us understand the present--how and why the present came to be.It can illuminate crucial choices in the past that still affect the present.In particular, differences in historical paths can help explain differences within the present.Seen this way, some of those ancient and irrelevant “facts” can be intriguing provocations for our imaginations.
A SIMPLE IDEA
History can help us understand the present--how and why the present came to be.It can illuminate crucial choices in the past that still affect the present.In particular, differences in historical paths can help explain differences within the present.Seen this way, some of those ancient and irrelevant “facts” can be intriguing provocations for our imaginations.
DIMENSION I: DEMOGRAPHY
Key: racial mixture (European, African, indigenous)Spanish America:view of indigenous:incorporation, not eliminationSource of laborSpecial laws for alleged “protection”ExtensivemestizajeComparison with North America/United States
DIMENSION I: DEMOGRAPHY
Portuguese America/Brazil:No indigenous civilizations like Aztecs, Maya, IncasNo large-scale mining (at first)Large land tracts to encourage settlementEventual reliance on slaveryImportation of African slavesPlantation societiesCaribbean and later BrazilGender imbalance: men > women, patterns of interracial liaisons
RACIAL COMPOSITION:AMERICAS, 1570-1825 (%)
Spanish Portuguese 1570 1825 1570 1825White 1.3 18.2 2.4 23.4Mixed 2.5 28.3 3.5 17.8Black - 11.9 - 49.8Indigene 96.3 41.7 94.1 9.1
DIMENSION 2: POLITICS
Spanish monarchy:Momentum of empowerment 1492-Religious missionMercantilist economicsPortuguese monarchy:Prior imperial experienceLow priority for BrazilReliance on exportsLess pervasive presenceBritish monarchy:Late start (Jamestown 1607, Massachusetts 1620)Ambivalent relationship to settlersReliance on taxation
DIMENSION 3: INDEPENDENCE
Spanish America:Resistance to NapoleonLengthy and destructive wars (1810-26)Quest for “democracy”Military legacies, military rulersPortuguese America:Court move to BrazilQuestion of “recolonization”Little military conflictContinuation ofBragançamonarchyBritish America:Opposition to monarchy and policiesMedium-scale military conflict (1776-83)Installation of democracy (by/for elites)
AND SO….
Why is Latin American society the way it is? And why is Brazil so different from Spanish America?Why has there been such political instability in Latin America? And authoritarian rule?Why the differences from the United States?Suggestion: Take a look at history…

0

Embed

Share

Upload

Make amazing presentation for free
WHY HISTORY_ - UC San Diego Social Sciences