Kids on electronics for hours, eating unhealthy snacks
AMERICA’S HEALTH DISPARITY
AMERICA’S OBESITY FACTS:
Over 1/3 of adult Americans are obese
Obesity affects different groups
Non-Hispanic blacks have the highest age-adjusted rates of obesity (47.8%) followed by Hispanics (42.5%), non-Hispanic whites (32.6%), and non-Hispanic Asians (10.8%)
Obesity is higher among middle age adults, 40-59 years old (39.5%) than among younger adults, age 20-39 (30.3%) or adults over 60 or above (35.4%) adults.
How socioeconomic status affects rate of obesity
THE OBESITY CRISIS
The U.S. spends more on health care but has worse health outcomes than comparable countries around the world.
For decades, the U.S. has had the highest obesity rate across all age groups, and American adults have high rates of diabetes.
Obesity-related conditions are some of the leading causes of preventable death:
Children who are overweight are likely to become OBESE as adults
Children are being diagnosed with Type II Diabetes which
used to only be known as adult onset.
Complications of childhood obesity involves nearly every organ including cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, GI, and musculoskeletal systems.
Increased risk of psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, social isolation and low self-esteem.
Also increased risk for eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia
Ethics of advertisement to children
It is unethical to advertise to kids encouraging them to eat foods that are unhealthy.
We have a significant rise in the U.S. with childhood obesity and advertisements to eat unhealthy foods.
Animated characters appealing to kids. My own kids want the items with the fun cartoon characters on the boxes.
Popular cartoon characters
AVAILABILITY AND COST
QUICK + CHEAP =JUNK FOODS
ROLE OF PUBLIC HEALTH IN OBESITY
Expenses of fruits and vegetables make it more difficult for low income families to eat healthy
Regulation of food industry in their advertising to promote ethical marketing standards.
By increasing availability of healthy foods, changing agricultural policies to encourage availability of nutritious foods at an affordable price.
There is no significant relationship between obesity and education among men. Among women, however, there is a trend- those with college degrees are less likely to have obesity compared with less educated women.
Higher income women are less likely to have obesity than low-income women.
Among non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American men, those with higher incomes are more likely to have obesity than those with low income.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014. Adult Obesity Facts. Retrieved
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011. Fact Sheet: Health Disparities in Obesity. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/reports/CHDIR11/FactSheets/Obesity.pdf
Alliance Healthcare Foundation, 2015. Combat Obesity (Parts 1-3). Retrieved from: http://alliancehealthcarefoundation.org/tag/how-can-i-fight-obesity/
American Public Health Association, 2014. Health Rankings. Retrieved from:
Healthy People 2020, 2015. Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. Retrieved from: http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/leading-health-indicators/2020-lhi-topics/Nutrition-Physical-Activity-and-Obesity
American Heart Association, 2015. Treating Obesity as a Disease. Retrieved from:
American Heart Association, 2014. Obesity Information. Retrieved from:
Huffington Post, 2012. American Obesity In 2030: Most U.S. Residents Will Be Obese Within Next 2 Decades. Retrieved from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/18/us-obesity-2030americansobese_n_1893578.html
1. Increase community awareness of disparities as persistent problems that represent some of the most pressing health challenges in the U.S.
2. Set priorities among disparities to be addressed at the federal, state, tribal, and local levels.
3. Articulate valid reasons to expend resources to reduce and ultimately eliminate priority disparities.
4. Implement the dual strategy of universal and targeted intervention strategies based on lessons learned from successes in reducing certain disparities (e.g., the virtual elimination of disparities in certain vaccination rates among children).
5. Aim to achieve a faster rate of improvement among vulnerable groups by allocating resources in
proportion to need and a commitment to closing gaps in health, longevity, and quality of life.
If twenty years from now we as a nation don’t change our social habits of eating, we are going to be dealing with extreme cases of preventable diseases. The cost of healthcare will continue to rise until it is even more out of control than it currently is.
It is already estimated that 42 percent of Americans would be obese by 2030!
SO WHAT DO WE DO ABOUT IT???