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Answers to Movie Questions: Gandhi
Introduction: Assassination and Funeral
Where and when does the assassination of Gandhi occur?New Delhi, IndiaJanuary 30th, 1948Who said about Gandhi that, “Generations to come will scare believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth”?Albert Einstein
Welcome to South Africa
When and where does the movie pick up the story of Gandhi’s biography?South Africa in 1893In what city did Gandhi study law?LondonWhy was Gandhi thrown off the train?No colored people in first class, Apartheid LawsWhat Empire is South Africa part of?BritishAre Indians allowed to walk on the sidewalks in South Africa?NoWhy were Hindu Indians brought to South Africa?Pick the crops from the field and dig in the minesHow did Gandhi say he would fight the pass law?Civil Disobedience (politely refusing to follow laws that were unjust)
First Protest
How many people did Gandhi expect to show up to his first protest meeting and about how many showed up?1000s, not manyWhy was Gandhi protesting the pass law?Discrimination against IndiansWhite British citizens did not need the passes, but brown and black British citizens didWhy was Gandhi beaten by the police at the demonstration?He refused to stop burning the passesWhy was the media interested in Gandhi’s demonstration?Classic story of David and Goliath
Out of Prison
What were the extent of Gandhi’s injuries from his first beating?Broken JawCharley Andrews came from India to South Africa for what purpose?Helping Gandhi fight against the Apartheid LawsWhat biblical reasoning did Gandhi give for not moving off of the sidewalk and walking into a confrontation?Turn the other cheekWho saved him from being beaten up?The hooligan’s motherWere the pass laws changed to become more or less strict?More StrictWho is Mr. Walker?A reporter from the New York Times
How does Gandhi respond when Mr. Walker asks him if he is going to respect the new pass law?Gandhi cannot follow an unjust lawWhat was the purpose of the Ashram?For everyone to live as equalsWhat does Gandhi and his wife argue about?Her having to clean toiletsWhat aspect of Gandhi’s character is the director trying to show in the scene between Gandhi and his wife?He is not perfectHe is very focused on his cause
The Meeting about the new Pass Law
24. What were some of the characteristics of South Africa’s new Pass Law?FingerprintsPolice could come into house to check passesHow does Gandhi ask the Indians to fight against the South Africans at the meeting?Civil Disobedience and no violenceWhat national anthem did they sing to end the meeting?British
The First Protest
What did Gandhi and the mineworkers do when the police horses charged at them?They lied down on the roadWhat did many of Mr. Andrews’s church members do when he praised Gandhi for battling against an unjust law?They walked outWho was working in the mines and fields for the white South African owners during the strike that Gandhi organized?No oneWhat did the overcrowding in the prison and lack of mine workers force the South African government to do with Gandhi?Give in to his protests, let the Indians out of prisonWhat did General Smuts agree to do about the law restricting the freedom of Indians?Repeal the Law (end it)
Re-Discovering India
Why is Gandhi dressed so differently?To dress like the regular peasant IndiansWhat does Gandhi say about his support of World War I?He supports itWhy was Gandhi treated like a hero on his return to India?He stood up to British discrimination in South AfricaUpon Gandhi’s return to India, what country was governing India?BritainWhile Gandhi was at the gathering of wealthy Indian leaders, did any of them seem to advocate violence in order to gain Indian independence?YesWhat was the purpose of Gandhi’s train trip across India?Re-discover his countryWhat seemed to be the general economic situation of India that Gandhi witnessed on this travels?Poverty
Congress Party Convention
What do the three Indian politicians want to demand at a party convention?Home RuleWhen Gandhi began his speech, not many were paying attention. What did he say that got everyone to quiet down and listen?Equality, Liberty, DemocracyWhat was the message of Gandhi’s speech at the party convention?Non-violent civil disobedience with corrupt British rules
Gandhi Goes to the Village Champaran
What did the soldiers tell Gandhi to do immediately after he got off the train?Threaten arrest himWhat were the British landlords refusing to give the villagers until the Indians paid their rent in cash?Food and waterWhy was Gandhi arrested?Disturbing the PeaceWhat sport were the British playing?Cricket
Gandhi in Prison
At this point in the movie, how many different times has it been shown that Gandhi is thrown in jail?ThirdWhy is Gandhi barely dressed?To show his solidarity (support) for the peasantsWhy does Gandhi ask Charley Andrews to go to Fiji?The movement for equality has to be handled by Indians
Gandhi in Court
On what grounds was Gandhi ordered out of the poor villagers’ province?Disturbing the peaceWhy did the judge have to decide not to send Gandhi to jail or fine him?He feared a disturbance by the 1000s of supporters of GandhiWhat did the four young rich Indian men (who laughed at Gandhi a few months earlier) wish to do?Help him with the movementWhat did the British Viceroy order the landlords of the village to do?Pay back rentsLet them grow whatever crops they wantAn investigation of living conditions
Meeting with “Home Rule” Leaders
53. What were the new British restrictions being placed on India that they were meeting to discuss how to respond to?Search without a warrantArrest any one with papers or books discussing the end of British rule in India54. What response to the restrictions did Gandhi offer?A day of prayer and fasting (no eating)No one worksThe British controlled economy of India stopsWere the British leaders concerned about the protest?Not in the beginningWhat was their decision on how to deal with Gandhi and the protest?When the protests were successful, the government had Gandhi arrested
Massacre of Amritsyn
Gandhi is in prison again. At this point in the movie, how many times has he been jailed?How many causalities (dead and seriously wounded) were there in the lesson the General intended to have an impact throughout all of India?1516 with 1650 bullets firedDid the General realize he was slaughtering women and children?YesDid the British government support the General’s actions?No
Answers to Gandhi QuestionsPart II (61 to 109)
Meeting to discuss the Massacre with British Officials
After the massacre, what does Gandhi tell the British it is time for them to do?Leave (“Walk out”)What religious minority in India does the British official claim his government is protecting?MuslimsWhat method does Gandhi intend to use in order to force the British out of India?Civil DisobedienceNon-violent, non-cooperationWhen the British officials were meeting in private, what was their general response to Gandhi’s message to them?To laugh at itNot taking it seriously
Burning the British Clothes
What is “homespun”?Cloth made in the house (like before the industrial revolution)What was the purpose of Gandhi asking the people to burn their British clothes and make their own?Stop giving the British their moneyBoycottWho is Mirabel?Mirabel - The daughter of a British navy admiral who becomes a follower of Gandhi
Hindu v. Muslim Conflict
What religion were the soldiers beating the marchers?Muslims (Islam)What religion were the marchers?HindusWhat does Gandhi say is the result of the kind of justice that takes an eye for an eye?It makes the whole world blindGandhi’s advisor’s tell him he is the father of the nation. In the aftermath of the riot, what is Gandhi’s response to their comments?ShameWhat does Gandhi do in order to stop the rioting and violent marches?Fasting – Not EatingDid the people of India heed Gandhi’s call to stop the protests and demonstrations?Yes
The First Long Fast
What did Gandhi say has always happened to tyrants and dictators all through history?They always fallWhy did Gandhi say that he might have over done it with his long fast?The protesters were giving the British soldiers flowersAfter Gandhi stopped the rioting with his fast, how did the British government reward him?Arrested him (sent him to jail)
In Court Again
What penalty does Gandhi ask the court to give him?The maximumFor how many years is Gandhi sentenced to prison?SixWhat action does the judge take to demonstrate his sympathy for Gandhi and his methods?He stood when Gandhi stood
Gandhi’s Out of Prison
Who showed up to see Gandhi that knew him from his work many years earlier in South Africa?The New York Times, Mr. WalkerHow old was Gandhi when he married his wife?13During his childhood, in what religion was Gandhi raised?HinduWhat is the big protest that Gandhi is planning?The March to the Sea (to make salt)
The March to the Sea
In what way is Gandhi breaking the law by making salt?The British forbid Indians to make saltHow are the British planning to respond to Gandhi’s March to the Sea?In the beginning, they planned to ignore itWhat anniversary is Gandhi planning on arriving at the sea to make salt?AmritsarWho does Gandhi say is in control of the situation in India?He is in control
Results of the Salt Protest
Did the British continue to ignore the salt making protest?No, they started arresting everyoneDuring the protest demonstrations was there any violence on the part of the British?YesDuring the protest demonstrations was there any violence on the part of the Indians?NoGandhi planned to block the entrance to a Salt making factory. What did the British do to him?ArrestedDid the protest continue on without Gandhi?YesAccording to the report of Mr. Walker, how long did the protesters continue to walk four at a time into the beatings?All day and nightWho did Mr. Walker declare victory for in the aftermath of the protest, India or the British?Indians
Discussions of the Independence of India
Why did the British finally decide to enter into discussions of Indian independence with Gandhi?They could not control 350 million Indians any longerWorld opinion shifted against the BritishWhat British city did Gandhi go to for the meetings?LondonGandhi was thinking ahead to when the British would finally leave India. On what terms did he want to part with them?As friends
World War II
At the train station, Gandhi was going to make a speech in which he would voice his opposition to the British involvement in World War II. What was the response of the British to this?Arrest himAt his point in the movie, how many times has Gandhi been jailed?South Africa – pass demonstrationSouth Africa – for not carrying the pass on a second occasionIndian Village for disturbing the peaceAfter the fast to stop the violence caused by the massacre of Amritsar (for six years)For making saltTo stop an anti war speech about WWIIWhat aspect of India’s coming independence is Gandhi worried about?Muslim – Hindu violenceWhat happened to Gandhi’s wife while imprisoned under house arrest?She died of a heart attack
Division of India
When Gandhi stops the car to engage the protestors, what religions does he say he is?Muslim, Hindu, Sikh, Christian, and JewWhat compromise did Gandhi offer to the Muslims to keep India undivided?The Muslims could control the governmentWere his Hindu advisors willing to support Gandhi’s compromise?No
The British Leave
In what year did the British finally leave India?1947Why were so many people traveling along the newly formed India – Pakistan border?Hindus were leaving PakistanMuslims were leaving IndiaIt was a mass migration to escape religious persecution and ethnic conflict
The Last Fast
What action does Gandhi take to try to bring about peace between the Hindus and Muslims?FastWhat does Gandhi tell the Hindu who murdered a child is his way out of hell?Raise a Muslim child as a MuslimWho shoots Gandhi, a Hindu or a Muslim?Strict Hindus considered Gandhi a traitor to his faith and his peopleFor this he was assassinated





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Gandhi Movie Questions -