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Injury Trends
Upon completion of this unit you will be able to identify injury trends in the dairy industry and apply that knowledge to assessing hazards and making safety improvements on your dairy operation.
Learning Objective
1. Describemajor injury trends in the dairy industry.2. Identifyareas of concern for potential employee injury that are present on the dairy operation.3. Understandthe high risk areas in order to prioritize and focus more attention to those areas.4. Understandthe relationship between injury and illnesses and the effect on profitability.
Learner Outcomes
Dairy farming is a high hazard occupationEmployee safety and health is integral to a successful operationLosses from injuries and illnesses cut into profitsContinuous process improvement is key!
Injury Trends:Looking at the Numbers
Assessment – first step in the processIdentify areas of concernWhat are your top 3 areas of safety and health concerns on your dairy operation?
Assessing the Riskand Hazards
80,300 work-related injuries occurred to adults on farms75% of the injuries were to adults living on the farmCommon types of injuries were sprains, strains, torn ligaments, fractures and cutsCommon sources of injury were animals, the ground, and tractors
National Agricultural injury trends
IMPORTANT NOTE:Every day, about 243 agricultural workers suffer a lost-time injury.Five percent of these injuries result in permanent impairment.
National Agricultural injury trends
Fatalities on Wisconsin Dairy Farms
*Data adapted from Mike Rankin, Fond du Lac County Extension Agent
Common Causes of Injuries
Rural Mutual Insurance provided information on 1,153 worker compensation insurance claims from January 1, 2007 to February 2, 2012. (There were no personal or farm identifiers)We thank Rural Mutual Insurance very much for sharing this information!Data was reviewed and coded based on Wisconsin Standard Coding for Worker Compensation Claims.
Common CausesofInjuries
The Top Three Common Causes of Injury:
Common Causes of Injuries
Most Common Injuries Overall.
Common Causes of Injuries
Animals:Most Common Causes of Injury within ‘Animal’ Code (n=326)
Common Causes of Injuries
Top 5 Injury Types for the326 Animal-Related Injuries
Common Causes of Injuries
Slips, Trips and Falls:Most Common Causes of Injuries (n=216)
Common Causes of Injuries
Top 5 Injury Types for the 216 Fall-related Injuries
Common Causes of Injuries
Struck by Object:Most common Causes of Injury Within ‘Struck by Object’ Code (n=148)
Common Causes of Injuries
Struck by Object:Top 5 Injury Types for the 148 ‘Struck by Object’ Related Injuries
OSHA’s Safety Pays Program can be used to calculate loss of profitability to your operation.Website:
Impact on Profitability
For every $1.00 invested in an effective safety and health program, the return on investment (ROI) is $4.00 - $6.00.Sound business practice: Having dollars to invest in your business rather than trying to recover from injury losses.
Impact on Profitability
Have your top 3 areas of concern for health and safety on your farm changed after viewing this data? If yes, how?Identify the top three causes of injury related to dairy farming.How can you use this data to improve safety on your farm?
Questions for Review
This material was produced under grant number SH-22318-11 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.





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