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Social - 1 - Michigan State University

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Social - 1
The performance of which of the following activities is LEAST likely to be facilitated by the presence of an audience?(A) speed of winding a fishing reel(B) memorizing a script(C) running(D) adding numbers(E) taking a final examination
Social - 2
Which of the following theories is characterized by the assumption that individuals have a need to evaluate their own attitudes and abilities?(A) Social facilitation(B) Social comparison theory(C) Social influence(D) Social exchange theory(E) Equity theory
Social - 3
The prisoner’s dilemma is used to study(A) theautokineticeffect(B) recidivism in former convicts(C) affiliation and attraction(D) needcomplementarity(E) cooperation and competition
Social – 4
According to inoculation theory, a person’s belief can be inoculated against a persuasive attack by(A) providing arguments to support theineitialbelief prior to the attack(B) providing arguments to support the initial belief subsequent to the attack(C) warning the individual that there will be an attack(D) anticipating the attacker’s arguments and discrediting those arguments(E) refuting the persuasive attack subsequent to its presentation
Social – 5
Lewinand his colleagues in their 1939 study of leadership styles found that(A) laissez-faire groups had the greatest productivity(B) the productivity of the democratic groups was greater than that of autocratic groups(C) autocratic leaders were better liked that democratic leaders(D) autocratic leaders created more hostility than democratic leaders(E) the personality traits of a leader had a greater effect than his leadership style
Development - 1
Which of the following is commonly referred to as the father of developmental psychology?(A) G. Stanley Hall(B) Sigmund Freud(C) Erik Erikson(D) William James(E) John Locke
Developmental – 2
According to Piaget, the attainment of formal operations is characterized by(A) understanding of object permanence(B) preoperational thinking(C) beginning of symbol usage(D) ability to manipulate abstract concepts(E) tertiary circular reactions
Developmental- 3
“Give me a group of infants, and if I could control the world in which they are raised, I could predict which will become doctors and which will become sculptors.” This statement is most likely based on:(A) the utilization of the methods of classical conditioning(B) the Freudian explanation of human behavior(C) an early behaviorist conception of the nature of human development(D) a functionalistic emphasis on the adaptive nature of behavior(E) a firm opposition to determinism
Developmental – 4
Which of the following is NOT a morpheme?(A) the “s” in “dogs”(B) the “dog” in “dogs”(C) the “ed” in “learned”(D) the “ou” in “soup”(E) the “bio” in “biology”
Developmental – 5
Who first showed that contact comfort was necessary for the formation of the mother-infant attachment bond?(A) Sigmund Freud(B) JohnBowlby(C) Mary Ainsworth(D)KonradLorenz(E) Harry Harlow
Personality and Abnormal - 1
Delusions, flat affect, and catatonic behavior are all symptoms of(A) schizophrenia(B) bipolar disorder(C) multiple personality disorder(D) schizoid personality disorder(E) somatoform disorder
Personality and Abnormal - 2
An investigator used a test to measure masculinity and femininity in a large sample of college students, consisting of equal numbers of males and females. The test showed that 30 percent of the sample was androgynous. This finding is most relevant to which of the following propositions?(A) genotypic sex exerts the greatest influence on gender identity(B) gender roles become less differentiated after puberty, as hormone levels reach equilibrium(C) adults who model both “masculine instrumentality” and “feminine expressiveness” are the ones most likely to raise androgynous offspring(D) rather than being at two ends of a spectrum, masculinity and femininity are two separate traits that can coexist within an individual(E) men are not more likely than women to be androgynous
Personality and Abnormal - 3
The learned helplessness model put forth by Seligman is a model of which of the following?(A) Schizophrenia(B) Autism(C) Depression(D) Obsessive-compulsive disorder(E) Mania
Personality and Abnormal – 4
A person gets a good grade on a midterm exam and believes that the good grade was due to an easy test. This statement is most relevant to which of the following theorists?(A) Abraham Maslow(B) JulianRotter(C) SandraBem(D) GordonAllport(E) RaymondCattell
Personality and Abnormal – 5
The Myth of Mental Illnesswas written by(A) DavidRosenhan(B) Dorothea Dix(C) Albert Ellis(D) The American Psychiatric Association(E) ThomasSzasz
Physiological - 1
REM sleep is characterized by which of the following?(A) sleep walking(B) delta waves(C) night terrors(D) dreams(E) sleep spindles
Physiological - 2
Which of the following describes the correct sequence of electrical activity as it passes through a single nerve cell?(A) Axon, dendrite, soma, vesicle(B) Soma, cell body, dendrite, vesicle(C) Soma, vesicle, dendrite, axon(D) Dendrite, soma, axon, vesicle(E) Dendrite, cell body, vesicle, axon
Physiological - 3
After suffering a stroke that damaged his LEFT OCCIPITAL LOBE, Bill’s ability to speak and understand language remained intact. Nevertheless, he was unable to identify simple visual stimuli, such as letters from the alphabet. He was able to accurately copy these visual stimuli on a piece of paper. Bill’s symptoms suggest which of the following disorders?(A)apraxia(B)aphagia(C) aphasia(D)agnosia(E) amnesia
Physiological – 4
John goes out on a date with Lisa. He orders a bowl of soup, which, unknown to him, is spoiled. After eating the soup, he feels slightly light-headed. John attributes his light-headedness to being in love with Lisa. This can be best explained by which of the following theories?(A) James-Lange(B) Cannon-Bard(C)Schachter-Singer(D) Hubel-Wiesel(E)Wever-Bray
Physiological – 5
Disturbances in nerve tracts for certain neurotransmitters have been linked with various psychiatric disorders and degenerative diseases. Which of the following pairings is NOT correct?(A) Dopamine and schizophrenia(B)Norepinephrineand depression(C) Serotonin and mania(D) Acetylcholine and Alzheimer’s disease(E) GABA and Parkinson’s disease
Sensation and Perception - 1
The tendency to perceive continuous patterns in stimuli is called(A) good continuation(B) closure(C) proximity(D) similarity(E) linear perspective
Sensation and Perception - 2
In an experiment on vision, stimuli of different magnitudes are presented to a subject who is then asked to respond “yes” if he sees the stimulus and “no” if he does not. Using this procedure, the experimenter is likely to find that a subject with HIGH sensitivity will(A) say “yes” more times than “no”(B) have more hits than false alarms(C) have a high absolute threshold(D) have a low difference threshold(E) also have a high response bias
Sensation and Perception - 3
Which of the following determine perceived size?I. Retinal sizeII. Perceived distanceIII. Pupil size(A) I only(B) II only(C) III only(D) I and II only(E) II and III only
Sensation and Perception – 4
The dispute between the place theory and the frequency theory has to do with the action of the(A) basilar membrane(B)ossicles(C) inferiorcolliculus(D)somatosensorycortex(E) fovea
Sensation and Perception – 5
Staring at a red stimulus for a while leads to a green afterimage. This supports(A)Békésy’stheory(B)Hering’sopponent-process theory(C) Helmholtz’strichromatictheory(D)Wever’svolley principle(E) theduplexitytheory
Learning andEthology- 1
You turn on the can opener to open the dog food and your dog begins to salivate. The sound of the can opener is a(n)(A) unconditioned stimulus(B) conditioned response(C) unconditioned response(D) conditioned stimulus(E) neutral response
Learning andEthology- 2
Which of the following is NOT based on operant conditioning?(A) contingency management(B) behavioral contracting(C) implosion(D) token economics(E)Premackprinciple
Learning andEthology- 3
If it works as planned, which of the following is the best example of escape?(A) A client misses a session, so the therapist charges an extra fee(B) A teacher gives detention to all late students(C) A parent rescinds a curfew because a child gets good grades(D) A doctor gives a lollipop to all children who do not cry when they get a shot(E) A child is warned that if he doesn’t clean his room, he will be punished. The child cleans his room.
Learning andEthology– 4
Köhler’sexperiment on chimpanzee problem solving demonstrated that(A) insight can be explained by trial-and-error learning(B) not all learning is trial-and-error(C) trial-and-error learning never occurs(D) chimpanzees used cognitive maps to find the bananas(E) chimpanzees do not learn by trial-and-error
Learning andEthology– 5
Which of the following best states John Garcia’s major contribution to classical conditioning?(A) Classical conditioning is based on contingency(B) Classical conditioning is due to instinctual drift(C) Classical conditioning is actually a type of operant conditioning(D) Classical conditioning is affected by the animal’s biological makeup(E) Classical conditioning is based on contiguity alone
Cognitive - 1
According to the stage theory of memory, information can go through memory in which order?(A) Sensory memory, long-term memory, short-term memory(B) Iconic memory, short-term memory, long-term memory(C) Echoic memory, iconic memory, long-term memory(D) Short-term memory, long-term memory, sensory memory(E) Long-term memory, sensory memory, short-term memory
Cognitive - 2
You hear an excerpt of music and your companion asks you who wrote it. You’ve never heard it before, but reply that it’s likely that Bach wrote it. Your judgment can be best explained on the basis of(A) proactive inhibition(B) divergent thinking(C) representativeness(D) the method of loci(E) procedural memory
Cognitive - 3
Upon being asked to list various uses for a blanket, Lillian responds, “a parachute, a basketball net, and fake icing for a small sculpture of a cake.” Lillian is using(A) parallel distributed processing(B)metacognition(C) crystallized intelligence(D) divergent thinking(E) transformational rules
Cognitive – 4
A student learned a monologue from Shakespeare’sTwelfth Nightand then, a month later, learned a monologue fromKing Lear. Every time he tried to recite the monologue fromLear, he began reciting theTwelfth Nightmonologue. This is known as(A) the Method of Loci(B) the method of savings(C) proactive inhibition(D) encoding specificity(E) retroactive inhibition
Cognitive – 5
For Noam Chomsky, the semantic interpretation of a sentence comes from(A) surface structure(B) inhibition theory(C) deep structure(D) divergent thinking(E) transformational rules
Research, Design, Statistics, Tests, & Measurements - 1
What is the mean of the following distribution? 1,1,7,8,8(A) 1(B) 2(C) 5(D) 7(E) 8
Research, Design, Statistics, Tests, & Measurements - 2
When a person says, “Molly is smarter than John,” she is employing which measurement scale?(A) Nominal(B) Ordinal(C) Interval(D) Ratio(E) Categorical
Research, Design, Statistics, Tests, & Measurements - 3
A Type II error occurs(A) whenever a true null hypothesis is accepted(B) whenever a false null hypothesis is rejected(C) whenever a false null hypothesis is accepted(D) whenever a true null hypothesis is rejected(E) whenever a statistically insignificant result is obtained
Research, Design, Statistics, Tests, & Measurements– 4
What type of validity hinges largely on actions and decisions made before any test items are actually administered?(A) Criterion(B) Construct(C) Content(D) Predictive(E) Convergent
Research, Design, Statistics, Tests, & Measurements- 5
A 4-year old, Mary, has an IQ score of 200. an 8-year old, Jimmy, has an IQ score of 100. a 10-year old, Johnny, has an IQ of 90. assuming that these are not deviation IQs, which child has the highest mental age?(A) Mary(B) Jimmy(C) Johnny(D) None, all the children have the same mental age(E) mental age cannot be determined from the information given





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Social - 1 - Michigan State University