Pygmalion (Met.10.243-297)In this story, Pygmalion is king of Cyprus. Some of the women of this island had become the first to sell their services as prostitutes. Disgusted by their immoral behaviour, Pygmalion made up his mind to have nothing to do with any women.
Eliza before she’s discoveredhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YEcX9gNVg1UThe rain in Spain from my Fair Ladyhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uVmU3iANbgk
quasquiaPygmalionaevumpercrimenagentesviderat,offensusvitiis, quaeplurimamentifemineaenaturadedit, sineconiugecaelebs245vivebatthalamiquediuconsortecarebat.Because Pygmalion had seen these spending time in immorality, offended by [their] vices of which nature has given very many to the female mind, he was living as a bachelor without a wife and for a long time he lacked a companion of his bedchamber.
Who had Pygmalion seen?What were they doing?What does Ovid say about nature and vices?
intereaniveummirafeliciterartesculpsiteburformamquededit, quafeminanascinullapotest,operisquesuiconcepitamorem.virginisestveraefacies, quamviverecredas250et,sinonobstetreverentia,vellemoveri:arsadeolatetartesua.meanwhile, by his amazing art, he sculpted snow-white ivory and gave it a beauty with which no woman can be born, and he conceived a love of his own creation.The appearance was of a real maiden whom you would believe to be alive and, if modesty did not stand in the way, to wish to be moved/move, to such an extent does the skill lie hidden in its art.
Quote and explain some Latin words to showhow unusual the statue washow skilful Pygmalion’s carving wasthe exceptional beauty of the statue
miraturethauritpectorePygmalionsimulaticorporisignes.saepemanusoperitemptantesadmovet, an sitcorpus anilludebur,necadhuceburessefatetur. 255osculadatreddiqueputatloquiturquetenetque,et credittactisdigitosinsideremembris,etmetuitpressosveniatnelivorinartus.Pygmalion admires and absorbs in his heart passion for the artificial body.Often he moves his hands over the work testing whether that is a body or ivory, yet he admits it still to be ivory [so far].He gives kisses and thinks that they are returned, and he speaks and he holds he believes that when he touches the limbs, his fingers sink in, and he fears that a bruise may arrive on the limbs that he has pressed. [convoluted word order]
Lines 252-3quote and explain the 4 Latin words which show the strength of Pygmalion’s feeling.Line 258What was Pygmalion afraid might happen?Where might the bruise come? (Latin and English)Whenmightabruise come? (Latin andEnglish)
etmodoblanditiasadhibet,modogratapuellismunerafertilli-conchasteretesquelapillos260etparvasvolucresetfloresmillecolorum,liliaquepictasquepilasetabarborelapsasHeliadumlacrimas.ornatquoquevestibusartus,datdigitisgemmas,datlongamoniliacollo;aurelevesbacae,redimiculapectorependent.265and sometimes he offers to her compliments, sometimes gifts pleasing to girls – shells and smooth pebbles and little birds and flowers a thousand colours,liliiesand painted balls and tears of theHeliadesfallen from the tree [amber]. He decorates also the limbs with clothes [note neuter pronounse.g.illud– avoidance ofeam,eae]gives jewels to the fingers, gives long necklaces for her neck, light pearls hang from her ear, ribbons on her breast.
cunctadecent,necnudaminusformosavidetur.collocathancstratisconchaSidonidetinctisappellatquetorisociam,adclinataquecollamollibusinplumis,tamquamsensura,reponit.Everything is pleasing yet she does not seem less beautiful when naked. [change from neuter to feminine]He places her on bedding dyed withSidonianshellfish and calls her the companion of his couch and lies her reclining neck [n. pl.] down in soft feathers, as if she would feel [them].
Homework in .Finish the comprehension questions to the end of the story from Line 270.Go through in class.
Homework – presentations on Style in Pygmalion
Use the style sheet givenStyleanalysis – be ready to use a board pen and make decisive comments for the class on your section.Can you spot a style point in somebodyelse’s section?
festadiesVeneristotaceleberrimaCypro270venerat, etpandisinductaecornibusaurumconciderantictaeniveacerviceiuvencae,turaquefumabant, cummunerefunctusadarasconstititettimide‘si, di, darecunctapotestis,sitconiunx,opto’ - nonausus‘eburneavirgo’ 275dicere, Pygmalion ‘similismea’ dixit ‘eburnae.’the festival day of Venus, most celebrated in the whole of Cyprus, had arrived and heifers, covered with gold on their curved horns [ predicative dative] had fallen struck on their snow-white neck., and incense was smoking when, having performed his duty at the altars, he stopped and timidly [said] “gods, if you are able to give all things, I wish that my wife might be’ not daring to say “the ivory maiden”, Pygmalion said “like my girl of ivory”.
sensit,utipsasuisaderatVenusaureafestis,votaquidillavelintet, amicinuminisomen,flammateraccensaestapicemqueperaeraduxit.as golden Venus herself was present at her [festivities], she sensed what those prayers wanted and as a sign of friendly divinity, the flame was set alight three times and drove its point through the air.
utrediit, simulacrasuaepetitillepuellae280incumbensquetorodeditoscula: visatepereest.admovetositerum,manibusquoquepectoratemptat:temptatummollescitebur,positoquerigoresubsiditdigitisceditque,utHymettiasoleceraremollescittractataquepollicemultas285flectiturinfacies,ipsoquefitutilisusu.as he returned. he sought the statue of his girl and lying on the couch gave [her] kisses: she seemed to be warm. He puts his mouth to [her] again and also tries the breasts with his hands; once tested, the ivory grows soft, and with stiffness discarded it subsides and gives way to his fingers, just as bees wax from Hymettus softens in the sun and having been moulded by a thumb, is fashioned into many shapes and becomes useful throughuse itself.
dumstupetetdubiegaudetfalliqueveretur,rursusamansrursusquemanusuavotaretractat:corpuserat!saliunttemptataepollicevenae.While he is amazed and rejoices hesitantly and fears that he is being deceived, again and again the lover handles once more the object of his prayers with his hand:It was flesh! When tested with his thumb, veins throb.
tumveroPaphiusplenissimaconcipitheros290verba,quibusVenerigratesagat,oraquetandemoresuononfalsapremit;dataqueosculavirgosensiteterubuittimidumqueadluminalumenadtollensparitercumcaeloviditamantem.Then indeed the hero fromPaphosutters most plentiful words with which to say thank you to Venus, and at last with his mouth, he presses her mouth, no longer false,; and the girl felt the given kisses and blushed and raising a timid eye to his eyes, at the same time along with the sky she saw her lover.
coniugio, quodfecit,adestdea,iamquecoactis295cornibusin plenumnovienslunaribusorbemillaPaphongenuit, de qua tenet insulanomen.at the marriage which she made, the goddess is present, and now, after the horns of the moon have contracted nine times into a full circle, that girl gave birth toPaphosfrom which island he takes his name.