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Vocabulary Unit 4

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Vocabulary Unit 4
Level F
Affable (af’ əbəl)
AdjCourteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak toSynonyms: genial, amicable, agreeable, cordialAntonyms: surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable
Aggrandize (ə gran’dīz)
VTo increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to build up or intensify; to make appear greaterSynonyms: augment, amplify, enhance, exaltAntonyms: reduce, decrease, diminish
Amorphous (əmôr’fəs)
AdjShapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesionSynonyms: formless, unstructured, nebulous, inchoateAntonyms: definite, well-defined, clear-cut
Aura (ôr’ ə)
NThat which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal qualitySynonyms: ambience, atmosphere
Contraband (kän’trəband)
NIllegal traffic, smuggled goodsAdjIllegal, prohibitedSynonyms: (adj) illicit, bootleg, unlawfulAntonyms: (adj) legal, lawful, licit
Erudite (er’yüdīt)
AdjScholarly, learned, bookish, pedanticSynonyms: profoundly educated, well-readAntonyms: ignorant, uneducated, illiterate
Gossamer (gäs’ əmər)
AdjThin, light, delicate, insubstantialNA very thin, light clothSynonyms: (adj) filmy, diaphanous, sheer, airy, feathery, gauzyAntonyms: (adj) thick, dense, solid, massive
Infer (infər’)
VTo find out by responding; to arrive at a conclusion on the basis of though; to hint, suggest, implySynonyms: gather, deduce, presume, guess, speculate
Inscrutable (inskrü’təbəl)
AdjIncapable of being understood; impossible to see through physicallySynonyms: impenetrable, incomprehensible, enigmaticAntonyms: comprehensible, intelligible, penetrable
Insular (in’syələr)
AdjRelating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experienceSynonyms: narrow-minded, parochial, provincialAntonyms: catholic, cosmopolitan, liberal
Irrevocable (irev’ əkəbəl)
AdjIncapable of being changed or called backSynonyms: irreversible, unrecallable, unalterableAntonyms: reversible, changeable
Propensity (prəpen’sətē)
NA natural inclination or predilection towardSynonyms: natural bent, proclivity, penchantAntonyms: natural incapacity or inability
Querulous (kwer’ ələs)
AdjPeevish, complaining, fretfulSynonyms: petulant, touchy, cranky, irritableAntonyms: uncomplaining, stoical, serene, placid
Remonstrate (rimän’strāt)
VTo argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object toSynonyms: reason against, expostulate
Repudiate (ripyü’dēāt)
VTo disown, reject, or deny the validity ofSynonyms: disavow, abjure, renounceAntonyms: avow, affirm, aver, avouch
AdjAble to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quicklySynonyms: springy, elastic, buoyant, bouncyAntonyms: rigid, stiff, inflexible, unyielding
Reverberate (rivər’bərāt)
VTo re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedlySynonyms: rumble, thunder, boom, echo
Scurrilous (skər’ ələs)
AdjCoarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthedSynonyms: obscene, filthy, abusive, vituperativeAntonyms: decorous, seemly, tasteful, dignified
Sedulous (sej’ ələs)
AdjPersistent, showing industry and determinationSynonyms: assiduous, tireless, indefatigableAntonyms: lackadaisical, listless, indolent, otiose
Sleazy (slē’zē)
AdjThin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputableSynonyms: inferior, cheesy, tawdry, tattyAntonyms: superior, first-rate, quality, sturdy





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Vocabulary Unit 4