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Rules for Writers by Diane Hacker and Nancy Sommers Pages …

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Rules for Writersby Diane Hacker and NancySommersPages 2-12
Demonstration PPT AssignmentbyJason Ward
300-Word Summary 1/4
The opening twelve pages ofRules for Writersexplain that good writing takes place over stages andalwaysinvolves revision. Hacker and Sommers begin by suggesting that inspiration can be found when doing other things rather than just staring at a blank screen, such as asking questions or keeping active.Thekey elements of writing are identified as subject, purpose, audience, sources, and constraints. The latter might include length, rhetorical style and the type of feedback that is expected. In the explanation of subject, the importance of subdividing, asking questions, narrowing to a manageable topic, and considering audience and the information available is stated.
300-Word Summary 2/4
In order to clarify purpose the following question must be asked, “Why am I communicating with my readers?” For audience, the chapter warns that if the wrong approach is taken, the readers might not be convinced by the writing. The specific example of email composition is discussed with emphasis on using a specific subject, starting with the most important point, writing concisely, opening long messages with a summary, choosing words and tone carefully, asking for permission to forward an email, and citing sources.
300-Word Summary 3/4
Reading is promoted as the primary way to deepen understanding of a research topic; whether employingaclose reading of one source, selecting key quotations from a number of texts, or even drawing from personal experience, it is important to ensure that the audience is provided with sufficient context to understand what the examples are about and why they are being used. When working on observation, interviews or questionnaires, the importance of recording data effectively is emphasized.
300-Word Summary 4/4
Writing to an agreed length and format and working through a reviewing process with other readers are also identified as common demands of both academic and professional writing. This section ends with exercises to practice narrowing broad subjects to achievable topics and identifying the purpose and audience of specified subjects.
Three Discussion Questions:1. Does anything in these opening sections actually help you to improve your writing?
The advice about doing something else to allow ideas to flow and the guide to writing effective emailsare both excellent. The rest either seems rather obvious (take good notes!) or unhelpful. In my opinion, the best way to improve writing is to do lots of writing, to break it down into achievable chunks and work with others of a similar ability. I think the activities at the end of the chapter show a more productive way forward
Three Discussion Questions:2. Do you have any other good ideas to help you get started on a writing project?
I often feel like I know nothing and don’t know where to start. Finding readings related to your topic can be useful providing you don’t just plagiarize them, but I often find that the best way to start writing is with talking. Tell a friend what you want to write and why you can’t do it and you might be surprised to discover that you can.
Three Discussion Questions:3. Do you think that a consideration of purpose and audience are really that important?
Yes, if it is real. I generally (and controversially) hate essays because these are specifically written for the purpose of course requirements, often disliked by both teacher and student, and usually only read properly by the teacher. The students often give the teacher writing that they would be embarrassed to show their close friends. A more authentic assignment, such as a book review read by hundreds on the internet can encourage the students to produce something more meaningful. You have to get excited about what you write for it to be good. You need to find interesting essay topics that will lead you to write an essay that you would want to share with everyone or you could work with friends so that you can bounce ideas off each other.
Three MCQs:1.Which of the following is not given as a sourceof information when writing a research paper?
readingobservationimagination
Three MCQs:1.Which of the following is not given as a sourceof information when writing a research paper?
readingobservationimagination
ThreeMCQs:2. Which of the following isnotlisted as a purpose for writing?
InformPersuadeAssess
ThreeMCQs:2. Which of the following isnotlisted as a purpose for writing?
InformPersuadeAssess
Three MCQs:3. Which of the following is listed as a point to consider when writing emails
Use an email signature that shows you wrote from an expensive phoneDo not write anything that you would not say to the receiver’s faceSelect a playful font likeComicSansbecause emails are less formal
Three MCQs:3. Which of the following is listed as a point to consider when writing emails
Use an email signature that shows you wrote from an expensive phoneDo not write anything that you would not say to the receiver’s faceSelect a playful font likeComicSansbecause emails are less formal
Three MCQs [I did two extra!]:4. Which of the following is not listed as a convention for academic writing?
Lab reportsCritiquesNotes
Three MCQs [I did two extra!]:4. Which of the following is not listed as a convention for academic writing?
Lab reportsCritiquesNotes
ThreeMCQs [I did two extra!]:5. How can you work with deadlines?
wait until the night before the final deadline, which will motivate you to work harder, and then drink lots of coffeework backward from the final deadline to create a schedule of target dates for completing parts of the projectask your teacher to regularly remind you in class and through email to do some work on your research project
Three MCQs [I did two extra!]:5. How can you work with deadlines?
wait until the night before the final deadline, which will motivate you to work harder, and then drink lots of coffeework backward from the final deadline to create a schedule of target dates for completing parts of the projectask your teacher to regularly remind you in class and through email to do some work on your research project
An example to illustrate one of your ideas:Purpose & Audience
Instead of a Term Paper, an assignment like the following would offer a more motivatingpurposeand have a genuineaudience, but is less academically demanding. The trick is to find the right balance:Writea 300-wordamazon.co.ukreview of a complete book that is at least 150 pages long and about a popular cultural celebrity, group or entity. It mustnotbe one of the critical course texts, and a list of suggestions, ranging from the autobiography of Beckham to the history of Zeppelin, is provided at the end of the syllabus.Inyour review, please focus on the book’s importance as an authentic account of popular culture, and highlight some of what you thought were the key insights provided into the subject, times and places. You might also consider giving your opinion on the credibility of the point-of-view, style, and voice. Consider your global audience by discussing the book’s entertainment value and avoiding errors in grammar, spelling and punctuation. Use an informed but modest tone and explain why you would, or would not recommend, this particular book to readers of your profile. To provide a broad sample and avoid repetition in the book choices, a sheet will be passed around the classroom so that you can write the name of the text that you would like to read and you cannot write the name of a text that another student has already chosen to review.
Three MLA Format MCQs: 1. Which of the following is the MLA correct format for a book?
a. Ward, Jason Mark.The Forgotten Film Adaptationsof D.H. Lawrence. Brill: Boston, 2016. Print.b. Mark, Jason Ward . “The Forgotten FilmAdaptations of D.H. Lawrence”. Boston: Brill, 2016.c. Ward, Jason Mark.The Forgotten Film Adaptations of D.H. Lawrence. Boston: Brill, 2016. Print
Three MLA Format MCQs: 1. Which of the following is the MLA correct format for a book?
a. Ward, Jason Mark.The Forgotten Film Adaptationsof D.H. Lawrence. Brill: Boston, 2016. Print.b. Mark, Jason Ward . “The Forgotten FilmAdaptations of D.H. Lawrence”. Boston: Brill, 2016.c. Ward, Jason Mark.The Forgotten Film Adaptations of D.H. Lawrence. Boston: Brill, 2016. Print
Three MLA Format MCQs: 2. Which of the following is the MLA correct format for a journal?
Bradfield, Scott. "Confessions of an UnrepentantShort Story Writer." 47-60. Critical Quarterly52.2 (2010): Print.Bradfield, Scott.Confessions of an Unrepentant Short Story Writer. Critical Quarterly 52.2 (2010): 47-60. Print.Bradfield, Scott. "Confessions of an Unrepentant Short Story Writer."Critical Quarterly52.2 (2010): 47-60. Print.
Three MLA Format MCQs: 2. Which of the following is the MLA correct format for a journal?
Bradfield, Scott. "Confessions of an UnrepentantShort Story Writer." 47-60. Critical Quarterly52.2 (2010): Print.Bradfield, Scott.Confessions of an Unrepentant Short Story Writer. Critical Quarterly 52.2 (2010): 47-60. Print.Bradfield, Scott. "Confessions of an Unrepentant Short Story Writer."Critical Quarterly52.2 (2010): 47-60. Print.
Three MLA Format MCQs: 3. Which of the following is the MLA correct format for a news website?
a. Pinkerton, Nick. "Film of the Week: The GreatGatsby."The Guardian. Guardian News and Media14 Feb. 2014. 9 Dec. 2014. Web.b. Pinkerton, Nick. "Film of the Week: The Great Gatsby."The Guardian. Guardian News and Media 14 Feb. 2014. Web. 9 Dec. 2014.c. Pinkerton, Nick. "Film of the Week: The GreatGatsby." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media14 Feb. 2014. Web. 9 Dec. 2014.
Three MLA Format MCQs: 3. Which of the following is the MLA correct format for a news website?
a. Pinkerton, Nick. "Film of the Week: The GreatGatsby."The Guardian. Guardian NewsandMedia14 Feb. 2014.9 Dec.2014. Web.b. Pinkerton, Nick. "Film of the Week: The GreatGatsby."The Guardian. Guardian NewsandMedia 14 Feb. 2014. Web. 9 Dec. 2014.c. Pinkerton, Nick. "Film of the Week: The GreatGatsby." The Guardian. Guardian News andMedia 14 Feb. 2014. Web. 9Dec.2014.
Who did what?
300-word summary- JasonTHREE discussionquestions - JasonTHREE multiple-choice questions, collecting and correcting thePowerPoint – JasonAn example–er, me againTHREE MLAquestions – you guessed it!
Thank you!
Anyquestions?http://yunus.hacettepe.edu.tr/~jason.ward/ied134studyskills/index.html

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Rules for Writers by Diane Hacker and Nancy Sommers Pages …