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Vocabulary Unit 3

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Vocabulary Unit 3
Level F
Abominate (əbäm’ ənāt)
VTo have an intense dislike or hatred forSynonyms: loathe, abhor, despise, detestAntonyms: relish, savor, cherish, esteem
Acculturation (əkəlchərā’shən)
NThe modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blendSynonyms: adaptation
Adventitious (adventish’əs)
AdjResulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenitalSynonyms: extrinsic, incidental, fortuitousAntonyms: essential, intrinsic, inherent, congenital
Ascribe (əskrīb’)
VTo assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attributeSynonyms: impute, credit, attribute
Circuitous (sərkyü’ ətəs)
AdjRoundabout, not directSynonyms: indirect, meandering, windingAntonyms: straight, direct, as the crow flies
Commiserate (kəmiz’ ərāt)
VTo sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distressSynonyms: feel sorry for, empathizeAntonyms: feel no sympathy for
Enjoin (enjoin’)
VTo direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibitSynonyms: bid, charge, command, adjureAntonyms: allow, permit
Expedite (ek’spədīt)
VTo make easy, cause to progress fasterSynonyms: accelerate, facilitate, speed upAntonyms: hinder, hamper, impede, obstruct
Expiate (ek’spēāt)
VTo make amends, make up for; to avertSynonyms: redeem, make amends for, atone, make reparation
Ferment (n.,fər’ment; v.,fərment’)
NA state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulenceVTo be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical actionSynonyms: (n) commotion, turmoil, unrestAntonyms: (n) peace and quiet, tranquility, placidity
Inadvertent (inədvər’tənt)
AdjResulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidentalSynonyms: accidental, unconsideredAntonyms: deliberate, intentional, premediated
Nominal (näm’ ənəl)
AdjExisting in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriouslySynonyms: titular, token, trifling, inconsequentialAntonyms: real, actual, exorbitant, excessive
Noncommittal (nänkəmit’əl)
AdjNot decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or noSynonyms: cagey, uninformative, playing it safe, playing it close to the vestAntonyms: positive, definite, committed
Peculate (pek’yülāt)
VTo steal something that has been given into one’s trust; to take improperly for one’s own useSynonyms: embezzle, defraud, misappropriate
Proclivity (prōklivətē)
NA natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)Synonyms: natural bent, penchant, propensityAntonyms: inability or incapacity
Sangfroid (säŋfrwä’)
NComposure or coolness, especially in trying circumstancesSynonyms: poise, self-assurance, equanimityAntonyms: excitability, hysteria,flappability
Seditious (sədish’əs)
AdjResistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established governmentSynonyms: mutinous, rebellious, subversiveAntonyms: supportive, loyal, faithful, allegiant
Tenuous (ten’yüəs)
AdjThin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supportedSynonyms: flimsy, insubstantial, vague, hazyAntonyms: strong, solid, substantial, valid
Vitriolic (vitrēäl’ik)
AdjBitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)Synonyms: withering, acerbic, mordantAntonyms: bland, saccharine, honeyed, sugary
Wheedle (whēd’əl)
VTo use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired endSynonyms: cajole, inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talkAntonyms: coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm

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Vocabulary Unit 3