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Milestones Review

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Milestones Review
Key TermsUnit 3European Exploration & Colonization
Which term?
British general and philanthropist who helped found the colony. He was one of the original trustees, and the only one to come to GA.James Oglethorpe
Which term?
A group of German-speaking Protestant refugees who helped settle the GA colony in the 1730s.Salzbugers
Which term?
Spain and England sent explorers to the southeastern part of North America. Some motivation was “the 3 G’s”, land, resources, and religious freedom/escaping religious persecution.European Exploration
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This religious group was prohibited from GA in the Charter of 1732, however a group from Portugal came to the colony with a doctor during an outbreak of yellow fever. This doctor is credited with “saving the colony”… Oglethorpe allowed this group to settle in Savannah, against the trustee rulesJews
Which term?
Georgia’s first city and capital. Founded in 1733 by James Oglethorpe.Savannah
Which term?
Group from Scotland who came to GA in the 1730s. Known for being good soldiers, they provided protection for the colony. They founded the city of Darien along the colony’s southern border.Highland Scots
Which term?
A group of colonists (mostly Scottish) who loudly opposed the policies of James Oglethorpe and the Trustees.Malcontents
Which term?
A Creek leader who acted as a mediator between British settlers in GA and the American Indians of the region.Tomochichi
Which term?
This was one of the main causes of unhappiness or discontent in the colony. Under the trustee rules, there could not be buying or selling of acreage.Land Ownership
Which term?
A condition in which people were considered legal property of someone and were forced to obey their owners. The Charter of 1732 banned this practice in the colony, but many colonists grew labor-intensive crops and felt they needed enslaved workers in order to become as economically stable and successful as the Carolinas.Slavery
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The desire to help others (charity). Along with defense and economics, this was one of the reasons for the founding of GA. Oglethorpe hoped to create a colony for the poor and debt-ridden people of England. However, no debtor was ever released from debtors’ prison to come to GA.Philanthropy
Which term?
The period from 1732 to 1752 when a board of Trustees governed the colony of GA.Trustee Period
Which term?
Document which established the colony of GA and appointed a Board of Trustees to govern it.Charter of 1732
Which term?
Spanish explorer and conquistador who landed in what became known as Florida in 1539. Explored the Southeast, including GA, from 1539 to 1542. He and 600 men searched for wealth, sparking conflict with American Indian groups, whom they exploited and enslaved.Hernando de Soto
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Places of worship set up by Spanish Catholic missionaries to convert native peoples to Christianity. In GA, many such places were established along the barrier islands.Spanish missions
Which term?
An American Indian (Creek) and European woman who was James Oglethorpe’s interpreter and negotiator during Georgia’s earliest years.Mary Musgrove

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Milestones Review