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Cultures Clash on the Prairie terms

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Cultures Clash on the Prairie terms
Great plainsTreaty of Fort LaramieSitting BullGeorge A. CusterAssimilationDawes ActBattle of Wounded KneeLonghornChisholm TrailLong Drive
How did the discovery of gold affect settlement of the west?
1858: discovery of gold in Colorado brought miners in the Great Plains region (Native American lands)Establishment of railroads brought gold and silver back and forthGreat plains map
Sand Creek Massacre
Nov. 29, 1864Cheyenne settled at Sand Creek reserve in Colorado; thought they were protected by U.S governmentColonel JohnChivington& troops attacked Native Americans killing over 150 Cheyenne & Arapaho (mostly women & childrenvideo
Fort Laramie Treaty
1868Required the Sioux to live on a reservation along Missouri River on the Wyoming TerritorySioux assumed they would still be able to hunt on the grounds (Bozeman Trail)Government closed the Bozeman Trail (hunting grounds) settlers kept moving in territorySettlers & Native Americans continue to clashTreaty broken
Battle of Little Bighorn
1876Colonel George A. Custer vs. Sioux and CheyenneNative Americans ready for battle; led by Sitting Bull, Gall, & Crazy HorseCuster killedEventually Native Americans were beaten & surrenderedSitting Bull forced to surrender in 1881video
Dawes Act
1887Intended to “Americanize” Native AmericansU.S government broke up reservations & gave 160 acres to head of household & 80 acres to unmarried adultsGovernment would sell rest of land to settlers
Wounded Knee Creek
Dec. 28, 1890 South DakotaU.S 7thcavalry took Sioux to a camp at Wounded Knee, SDNative Americans had to surrender all weaponsUnknown shot was fired300 unarmed Sioux were killed
Land lost over time
Map of Native American land lost over time

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Cultures Clash on the Prairie terms