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Lecture%2014%202012%20Road%20to%20Appomattox%20I

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Lecture 14 – October 31, 20121864 – Union 5-Prong AttackGrant/Meade’s move for Richmond & the ANV“Overland Campaign”– May – June 1864Battle of the Wilderness – May 5-6; Battle of Spotsylvania Cthouse. - May 8-12Battle of Cold Harbor – June 1-3 [“The Butcher”]Siege of Petersburg – begins June 12, 1864 –ends April 1865Battle of the Crater – July 30Sherman’s campaign for Atlanta (Bringing the Western Theater to the East)Sherman vs Joseph E. Johnston – May - JuneJohnston replaced by John Bell Hood – battles through JulySiege of Atlanta – July – August / Taking Atlanta – Sept. 2ndSherman’s March to the Sea – Nov. 16 – Dec. 21 (AtlantaSavannah)Shifting Military PolicyUsing African Americans --Confederates Respond to EP, Lincoln Counters Davis’s orderUnited States Colored Troops – how & where they served / challenges to fightingHard Hand of War – Sherman from Atlanta to the Sea /Sheridan in the Shenandoah ValleyPOWs – The Evolution of Prisoner Exchange PolicyPrisons – Why Have them?Were Northern Prisons Just as Bad as South. Ones?Deserters – When They Left and Why?Climax of War – 1865– Sherman in the Carolinas, Special Field Order #15D.C. – Congress passed 13thAmend., Creates Freedmen’s Bureau; Lincoln’s 2ndInaugurationGrowing Military Desperation of Confederates – Negro Soldier Law
Philip Sheridan –Union Cavalry Commdr.chased Confederates backup the Valley (south) andlaid waste to valley resources.
Georgia Campaign
Grant & Lee in central Virginia
1864
Grant’s Overland Campaign
Petersburg Siege - 1864

Lecture 14 – October 31, 20121864 – Union 5-Prong AttackGrant/Meade’s move for Richmond & the ANV“Overland Campaign”– May – June 1864Battle of the Wilderness – May 5-6; Battle of Spotsylvania Cthouse. - May 8-12Battle of Cold Harbor – June 1-3 [“The Butcher”]Siege of Petersburg – begins June 12, 1864 –ends April 1865Battle of the Crater – July 30Sherman’s campaign for Atlanta (Bringing the Western Theater to the East)Sherman vs Joseph E. Johnston – May - JuneJohnston replaced by John Bell Hood – battles through JulySiege of Atlanta – July – August / Taking Atlanta – Sept. 2ndSherman’s March to the Sea – Nov. 16 – Dec. 21 (AtlantaSavannah)Shifting Military PolicyUsing African Americans --Confederates Respond to EP, Lincoln Counters Davis’s orderUnited States Colored Troops – how & where they served / challenges to fightingHard Hand of War – Sherman from Atlanta to the Sea /Sheridan in the Shenandoah ValleyPOWs – The Evolution of Prisoner Exchange PolicyPrisons – Why Have them?Were Northern Prisons Just as Bad as South. Ones?Deserters – When They Left and Why?Climax of War – 1865– Sherman in the Carolinas, Special Field Order #15D.C. – Congress passed 13thAmend., Creates Freedmen’s Bureau; Lincoln’s 2ndInaugurationGrowing Military Desperation of Confederates – Negro Soldier Law
Sherman’s Burning of Atlanta – September 1864“All is fair in love and war?”-- what’s fair? what’s right?what’s appropriate conduct for war?Look to the Lieber Code – we will discuss on Friday.

Lecture 14 – October 31, 20121864 – Union 5-Prong AttackGrant/Meade’s move for Richmond & the ANV“Overland Campaign”– May – June 1864Battle of the Wilderness – May 5-6; Battle of Spotsylvania Cthouse. - May 8-12Battle of Cold Harbor – June 1-3 [“The Butcher”]Siege of Petersburg – begins June 12, 1864 –ends April 1865Battle of the Crater – July 30Sherman’s campaign for Atlanta (Bringing the Western Theater to the East)Sherman vs Joseph E. Johnston – May - JuneJohnston replaced by John Bell Hood – battles through JulySiege of Atlanta – July – August / Taking Atlanta – Sept. 2ndSherman’s March to the Sea – Nov. 16 – Dec. 21 (AtlantaSavannah)Shifting Military PolicyUsing African Americans --Confederates Respond to EP, Lincoln Counters Davis’s orderUnited States Colored Troops – how & where they served / challenges to fightingHard Hand of War – Sherman from Atlanta to the Sea /Sheridan in the Shenandoah ValleyPOWs – The Evolution of Prisoner Exchange PolicyPrisons – Why Have them?Were Northern Prisons Just as Bad as South. Ones?Deserters – When They Left and Why?Climax of War – 1865– Sherman in the Carolinas, Special Field Order #15D.C. – Congress passed 13thAmend., Creates Freedmen’s Bureau; Lincoln’s 2ndInaugurationGrowing Military Desperation of Confederates – Negro Soldier Law
Thomas Wentworth Higginson
Robert Gould Shaw
Libby Prison, Richmond, VA
Burying the Dead At Andersonville Prison

Captain Henry [Hartmann Heinrich] Wirz,Superintendent Andersonville Prison

1864 Sketch of a Union Prison Camp
Baseball at Salisbury, NC Prison Camp
Union Prisoner Releasedfrom Andersonville,Spring 1865

Lecture 14 – October 31, 20121864 – Union 5-Prong AttackGrant/Meade’s move for Richmond & the ANV“Overland Campaign”– May – June 1864Battle of the Wilderness – May 5-6; Battle of Spotsylvania Cthouse. - May 8-12Battle of Cold Harbor – June 1-3 [“The Butcher”]Siege of Petersburg – begins June 12, 1864 –ends April 1865Battle of the Crater – July 30Sherman’s campaign for Atlanta (Bringing the Western Theater to the East)Sherman vs Joseph E. Johnston – May - JuneJohnston replaced by John Bell Hood – battles through JulySiege of Atlanta – July – August / Taking Atlanta – Sept. 2ndSherman’s March to the Sea – Nov. 16 – Dec. 21 (AtlantaSavannah)Shifting Military PolicyUsing African Americans --Confederates Respond to EP, Lincoln Counters Davis’s orderUnited States Colored Troops – how & where they served / challenges to fightingHard Hand of War – Sherman from Atlanta to the Sea /Sheridan in the Shenandoah ValleyPOWs – The Evolution of Prisoner Exchange PolicyPrisons – Why Have them?Were Northern Prisons Just as Bad as South. Ones?Deserters – When They Left and Why?Climax of War – 1865– Sherman in the Carolinas, Special Field Order #15D.C. – Congress passed 13thAmend., Creates Freedmen’s Bureau; Lincoln’s 2ndInaugurationGrowing Military Desperation of Confederates – Negro Soldier Law

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