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Writing a Good Concluding Paragraph

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Writing a Good Concluding Paragraph
Time4Writing provides these teachers materials to teachers and parents at no cost.More presentations, handouts, interactive online exercises, and video lessons are freely available at Time4Writing.com.Consider linking to these resources from your school, teacher, or homeschool educational site.The rules: These materials must maintain the visibility of the Time4Writing trademark and copyright information.They can be copied and used for educational purposes. They are not for resale.Want to give us feedback? We'd like to hear your views:info@time4writing.com
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What does the conclusion do?
1.it summarizes the essay2.it shows you proved the point you set out to make3.it gives the reader a sense of completion4.it leaves the reader remembering your main point
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Wait, that sounds kind of like the introduction!So, what is the difference betweentheintroductoryparagraph & theconcludingparagraph?The difference is in the approach to the topic.
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Theintroductionbegins with a general approach to the topic and then moves toward the more specific aspect(s) of itTheconclusionbegins with the more specific aspect(s) and moves toward the general topic of your essay
Think of these two paragraphs as funnels, one leading toward the body of your essay, while the other leads the reader away from the body.
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What main point did you want to make in your essay?
Did you make that point?Summarize it in your conclusion.Often you canuse the introductory paragraph as a guide. This will hep you come full circle and give your reader a sense of completion.
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Perhaps you began your essay by saying:"There are three classes at school that I absolutely can’t wait to go to every day."
Then you might make this the first sentence of your conclusion:"Gym, Math, and Art are the three classes I look forward to the most."
Do you see how the first is more general and the last is more specific?
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Other Ways to Summarize the Essay's Main Points:
Refer briefly to the topic of each paragraph you wrote.Leave readers with something to think about.Suggest something readers can do about what they've just read.
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How to Structure the Final Paragraph
1.Topic sentence:repeat the ideas in your thesis statement, but with deeper understanding2.Supporting sentences: summarize the main points in the body of your essay3.Closing sentence: connect back to the introduction to "clinch" the ideas in the essay, showing their importance
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What if a new idea tries to sneak into that final paragraph?
If it's really important, give it a paragraph of its own in the body of the essay.The concluding paragraph is not the place to introduce new information or make more points about the topic.
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The "So What?" Tipfor Writing an Effective Conclusion
After writing your topic sentence, ask yourself:"So what?Why is that important?"Your next sentence should explain why.Then ask yourself again:"So what?Why isthatimportant?"And so on.
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Example of the "So What?" Method of  Starting the Concluding Paragraph:
"Education is very important in society.""So what?Why is itimportant?""It gives all citizens an equal start.""So what?Why isthatimportant?"Canyouwrite an answer?
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Strategies for Ending the Concluding Paragraph:
1.Perhaps add a quotation or surprising insight from the materials you researched.2.Suggest some action to take or a solution to an issue.3.Bring up questions for further study.4.Point out broader consequences of the points you've made.
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WhatNOTto Include in the Concluding Paragraph:
1.Overused phrases:"in conclusion," "in summary," "in closing"2.A new idea or subtopic3.Supporting evidence or details (these should be in the body of the essay)
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More free ESSAY WRITING resources:the thesis statementthe introductioncomparing & contrastingtypes of essays (narrative, persuasive, comparative, expository)Eight-week ESSAY WRITING courses:elementary schoolmiddle schoolhigh school
The end.
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Writing a Good Concluding Paragraph