What are the Traditionalwork settings for Athletic Trainers?What are some Non-Traditional work settings?When and where was the profession of Athletic Training founded?Who is considered to be a part of the Primary Sports Medicine Team? Who is considered to be a part of the Secondary Sports Medicine Team?List 3 qualities an AT needs to haveand why.
Using and understanding is essential to clear communication amongst the health care community.
“To Err Is Human”
In 1999, the Institute of Medicine published the famous "To Err Is Human" report, which dropped a bombshell on the medical community by reporting that up to 98,000 people a year die because of mistakes inhospitalsJournal of Patient Safetythat says the numbers may be much higher — between210,000 and 440,000 patientseach year who go to the hospital for care suffer some type of preventable harm that contributes to their death.That would make medical errors thethird-leading cause of death in America, behind heart disease, which is the first, and cancer, which is second.
Anatomic Position: Refers to an erect stance with the arms at the sides and the palms of the hands facing forwardThe body moves in relation to planesFrontalSagittalTransverse
The 4 word parts
Most medical terms built from word parts consist of some or all of the following components:1.PREFIXES2.WORD ROOTS3. SUFFIXES4. COMBINING VOWELS
The prefix is a word part attached to the beginning of a word root to modify its meaning.Prefixescan indicate;A number such as bi-, meaning two.A position, such as sub-, meaning under.A direction, such as intra-, meaning within.Time, such asbrady-, meaning slowNegation, such as a-, meaning withoutAlthough a prefix can be used to modify the meaning of a word, many medical terms do not have a prefix.
The Root Word
The word root is the word part that is the core of the word.The word root contains thefundamental meaningof the wordSince the word root is the core of the word, each medical termcontains one or more word roots
Examples of Root Words
Play/er; In this word,playis the word root.Arthr/itis; In this medical term,arthr(which meansjoint) is the word root.Hepat/itis; In this medical term,hepat(which meansliver) is the word root.
The suffix is a word part attached to the end of the word root to modify its meaning.The suffix frequently indicates a procedure, condition, or disease such as–scopy, meaning visual examination (procedure)–tomy, meaning surgicalexcision(procedure)-itis, meaning inflammation(condition)-oma, meaning tumor(disease)
Play/erin this word,-eris the suffix.Hepat/icin this medical term,-ic(which meanspertaining to) is the suffix.Hepatis the word root forliver; thereforehepaticmeanspertaining to the liver.Hepat/itisin this medical term,-itis(which meansinflammation) is the suffix.The termhepatitismeansinflammation of the liver.
A Quick Summary
Word root- core of a word; for example,hepatSuffix- attached at the end of a word root to modify its meaning; for example,-ic.Prefix- attached at the beginning of a word to modify its meaning; for example,Sub-Combining Vowel- usually an o used between two word roots or a word root and a suffix to ease pronunciation; for examplehepatopathyCombining form- word root plus combining vowel separated by a vertical slash; for example,hepat/o.
AnatomyStudy of thestructureand shape of the body and its partsPhysiologyStudy of how the body and its parts work orfunctionAnatomical Positionrefers to the standing position, with arms at the side and palms facing towards the frontAnteriorfront half of the bodyPosteriorback half of the body
Superiortoward the headInferiortoward the feetMedialtoward the center line of the bodyLateralaway from the center line
Distalaway from the trunk of the body (i.e. ankle isdistalto the knee)Proximaltowards to the trunk (i.e. the shoulder isproximalto the elbow)Flexiondecreasing joint angleExtensionincreasing joint angleAbductionmovement away from the midlineAdductionmovement towards the midline
Dorsiflexionfoot/toes moving toward the body, decreasing anglePlantarflexionfoot/toes moving toward ground, increasing angleInversionmovement inwardEversionmovement (sole of foot) away from midlineExternal Rotationrotation about its axis in thetransverseplane away from the midlineInternal Rotationrotation about its axis in thetransverseplane toward the midline
Supinationsurface rotated upwardPronationsurface rotated downwardSuperficialnear body’s surfaceDeepbeneath the surface
ADL – Activities of Daily LivingBi/Lat, B – BilateralBP – Blood PressureBPM – Beats per MinuteC/O – Complaining Of…DF - DorsiflexionHA – Head AcheHR – Heart RateLE – Lower ExtremityLOC – Loss of ConsciousnessNKA – No Known Allergies
Dx– DiagnosisFx – FractureHx– History ( HO – History Of…)Px – PracticeSx- SymptomsTx – Treatment
P- PainPF –PlantarflexionPRN – As NeededPt – PatientROM – Range of MotionRx -PrescriptionS&S – Signs and SymptomsUE – Upper Extremityw/, c – WithWNL – Within Normal Limits
A/An - no, not, withoutArthro– jointBi – twoBrady - slowCardio – heartCosto- ribDerm– skinDys- painfulEpi– on, aboveHyper – more than normalHypo – less than normalInter- betweenIntra – within
Common prefix cont’d
Neuro– NerveMal - badPeri– aroundPost – after, behindPoly – manyPre – before, in frontPneumon–lungQuadri- fourSub – belowTachy- fastTri - threeVen– vein
-algia:pain-ectomy: surgical excision-itis: inflammation-osis: abnormal state-pathy: disease-phagia: eating, swallowing-pnea: breathing-stasis: control
Sagittal – divides the body into R&LMovements: flexion/extension,runningCoronal (frontal)- divides body into anterior/posteriorMovements:ab/adductionTransverse (horizontal)- equal top and bottom halvesMovements: rotation
Copy and TranslateParagraph:Patient is complaining ofhaving increasing difficulties with lower extremityrange of motion and withher gait. She does have somepain,particularly at night, in her lowerextremities. Onexamination, her signs and symptoms are lowerextremitypain - 8/10 bilaterally, decreased ability to walk, lack of range of motion, and obvious swelling. She is being sent for x-rays to rule out fractures, and is diagnosed with bilateral hamstring strains. Her treatment will be Ibuprofen as needed, and rest for 2 weeks. She has no known history of any drug allergies.