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Capitalization of titles in apa, mla, and turabian

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Capitalization of titlesinapa,mla, andturabian
Alden David MartinezSummer 2014
Capitalization of titles inapa
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6thEdition
Capitalization of Titles in APA
Capitalize the first, last, and major words in titles of books and articles within the body of the paperAll verbs (including linking verbs), nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns are major words. When a capitalized word is a hyphenated compound, capitalize both words. Also, capitalize the first word after a colon or a dash in a title.In her book,History ofPathologyThe criticism of the article, “Attitudes Toward Mental Health Workers”“Ultrasonic Vocalizations Are Elicited From Rat Pups”“Memory in Hearing-Impaired Children: Implications for Vocabulary Development”
Capitalization of Titles in APA
EXCEPTION: In reference lists, capitalize only the first word, the first word after a colon oremdash, and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the second word of a hyphenated compound.Liu, D., Wellman, H.M., Tardif, T., &Sabbagh, M. A. (2008). Theory of mind development in Chinese children:Ameta-analysis of false-belief understanding across cultures and languages.Developmental Psychology, 44,523—531. Doi:10.1037/0012-1649.44.2.523
Capitalization of Titles in APA
DO NOT capitalize conjunctions (FANBOYS, etc.), articles (a, an, the), or short prepositions (of, at, by, etc.). These three type of words are not considered major words. HOWEVER, capitalize ALL words of four (4) letters or more.Capitalizemajor words in article headings and subheadings.EXCEPTION: In indented paragraph (Levels 3, 4, and 5) headings, capitalize only the first word and proper nouns.Capitalizemajor words in table titles and figure legends. In table headings and figure captions, capitalize only the first word and proper nouns.
Capitalization of Titles in APA
Capitalize references to titles of sections within the same article.as explained in the MethodsectionCapitalize exact, complete titles of published and unpublished tests. Words such astestorscaleare not capitalized if they refer to subscales of tests.Advanced Vocabulary TestMinnesota Multiphasic PersonalityInventoryStroopColor-Word Interference Testthe authors’ Mood Adjective ChecklistBUTMMPI Depression scale
Capitalization of Titles in APA
Do not capitalize shortened, inexact, or generic titles oftests.A vocabulary testStroopcolor test
Capitalization of titles in MLA
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7thEdition
Capitalization of Titles in MLA
When citing a title of a published work in your research paper, take the title from the title page. Do not reproduce any unusual typographic characteristics, such as special capitalization or lowercasing of all letters. A title page may present a title designed like one of the following examples:
MODERNISM & NEGRITUDE
READINGSITESSocial Difference and Reader Response
Turner’s early sketchbooks
Capitalization of Titles in MLA
The titles on the previous slideshould appear in a research paper as follows:Modernism and NegritudeReading Sites: Social Difference and Reader ResponseTurner’s EarlySketchbooks
Capitalization of Titles in MLA
In a title or subtitle, capitalize the first, last, and all principal words, including those that follow hyphens in compound terms:Nouns –flowers,as inThe Flowers ofEuropePronouns –our,as inSave Our Children;that, as inThe Mouse ThatRoaredVerbs –watches,as inAmerica Watches Television;is,as inWhat Is Literature?Adjectives –ugly,as inThe Ugly Duckling;that,as inWho Said That Phrase?Adverbs –slightly,as inOnly Slightly Corrupt;down,as inGo Down, MosesSubordinating conjunctions –after, although, as if, as soon as, because, before, if, that, unless, until, when, where, while,as inOne If by Land and Anywhere That Chance Leads
Capitalization of Titles in MLA
Do not capitalize the following parts of speech when they fall in the middle of a title:Articles –a, an, the,as inUnder the BambooTreePrepositions –against, as, between, in, of, to,as inThe Merchant of Veniceand “A Dialogue between the Soul and Body”Coordinating conjunctions –and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet,as inRomeo andJulietThetoin infinitives –How to Play Chess
Capitalization of Titles in MLA
When the first line of a poem serves as the title of the poem, reproduce the line exactly as it appears in the text.Dickinson’spoem “I heard a Fly buzz—when I died—” contrasts the everydayandthe momentous.
Capitalization of titles inTurabian
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations Chicago Style for Students and Researchers, 7thEdition
Capitalization of Titles inTurabian
Headline-style capitalization is intended to distinguish titles clearly from surrounding text. In this style, capitalize the first letter of the first and last words of the title and subtitle and all other words, except as follows:Do not capitalize articles (a, an, the), the coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet), or the wordstoandasunless such a word is the first or last word in the title orsubtitle.Do not capitalize prepositions (of, in, at, above, under,and so forth) unless they are emphasized (throughinA River Runs Through It) or used as adverbs (upinLook Up), adjectives (oninThe On Button), or conjunctions (beforeinLook Before You Leap).
Capitalization of Titles inTurabian
Headline-style capitalization is intended to distinguish titles clearly from surrounding text. In this style, capitalize the first letter of the first and last words of the title and subtitle and all other words, except as follows:Do not capitalize the second part (or subsequent parts) of a hyphenated compound unless it is a proper noun or adjective.Do not capitalize parts of proper nouns that are normally in lowercase (vaninLudwig van Beethoven).To Have and to Hold: A Twenty-first-century View of MarriageThe Economic Effects of the Civil War in the Mid-Atlantic StatesFour Readings of the Gospel according to MatthewStill Life withOranges
Capitalization of Titles inTurabian
Although many short words are lowercase in this style, length does not determine capitalization. You must capitalize short verbs (is, are), adjectives (new), personal pronouns (it, we), and relative pronouns (that), because they are not among the exceptions listed above. Use lowercase for long prepositions (according) since they are among the exceptions.Two kinds of titles should not be presented in headline style even if you use it for all other titles:For titles in languages other than English, use the sentence-style capitalization.For titles of works published in the eighteenth century or earlier, retain the original capitalization (and spelling), except that words spelled out in all capital letters should be given with an initial capital only.
Capitalization of Titles inTurabian
Sentence-style capitalization is a simpler, though less distinct, way of presenting titles than headline style. In this style, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the title and subtitle and any proper nouns and proper adjectives thereafter.Seeing and selling late-nineteenth-centuryJapanNaturalcrisis: Symbol and imagination in the mid-American farm crisis
Capitalization of Titles inTurabian
Sentence style is also used for titles of works in foreign languages. Foreign languages have capitalization principles different from English, so if you are uncertain about these principles in a particular language, consult a reliable authority.SpeculumRomanaemagnificentiaeHistoriade laOrdende SanGerónimo

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Capitalization of titles in apa, mla, and turabian