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SOME UPDATES ON PEST SITUATION AND PHYTOSANITARY ...

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UPDATES ON PEST SITUATION AND PHYTOSANITARY ACTIVITIES IN AFRICAJUNE 2014 --MAY 2015.
BYSTELLA ORAKACDC/ IPPC REP. FOR AFRICA
Situation reports of spreading invasive pests of importance
Locust Emergency ResponseProgrammein Madagascar: Food security for 13 million at risk due to locust plague. $28.8 million mobilized, $10.6 needed to complete campaign by May 2015 and avoid pest resurgence and waste of applied resources. Cost of ceasing is far greater than amount spent so far says FAO REP, Madagascar.Island also prone to drought and cyclones, may join locust plague to cause about 40% crop loss.
Globally, Deadly TR4 of BananaFusariumin Mozambique
Tropical Race 4 of BananaFusariumwilt,Fusariumoxysporiumreported infour countries in Africa, Asia, Australia, Latin America and poising to spread.Commercialvariety,Cavadishfallen to disease which causes wilt and mass die-off.International experts recommend 3-prong strategyviz1. Prevent future outbreaks, 2. Manage existing cases 3.Strenghteninternationalcolloborationand coordination.
Globally, Deadly TR4 of BananaFusariumin Mozambique (cont’d)
Considered as top threat to global banana industry worth $36 billion and source of income of 400 million people. Disease is also a grave danger to food security as 85% total banana production is consumed domestically$47 million is estimated by FAO for the control work.
Tutaabsoluta(tomato leaf miner
Originatesfrom SouthAmerica, emergedinEurope 2006,successfully invaded parts of the European Union (EU), North Africa and some west and eastAfrican(e.g. Kenya 2014) countries.Jugdingfor rate of spread may enter South Africa by end of 2015.Causes yield losses of up to 50% - 100% and can rapidly develop resistance to pesticides.S.A. Plant Protection & DAFF developing early warning system for pest as part of SouthAfrican Emergency Plant Pest Response Plan
Tutaabsoluta(tomato leafminer(cont’d)
S.A. Plant Protection & DAFF developing early warning system for pest as part of SouthAfrican Emergency Plant Pest ResponsePlan.Presently the pest is strictly controlled through quarantine andtomato fruits should be from green vegetative parts
Potatocyst nematode (Globoderarostochiensis) reported in Kenya
Onlycontrol measure is to stop potato production in infested farms for up to 7years but can remain for 30 years.Pest originated from Peru, occur in Algeria, Libya,Tunisia and Morocco (underquarantines. Controlled in Sierra Leone.
Controlsof food security threats andpests inthe SouthernAfrica
$4 million fund better management oftransboundaryplant and animal pests and disease has been by African Solidarity fund to benefit 8 countriesviz: Angola,Botwana, Madagascar, South Africa, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe in Southern Africa.An initiative for mobilizing resources ‘from Africa for Africa’.
Biosecurity Project for tenAfrican countries– Australian investment
The AustralianInternational Food Security Research Centre launchedof a two-year, $800,000initiativeforsub-Saharan Africa tohelp 10 countries become better equipped to combat plant biosecuritythreats.Project coversfoodsafetyhazards, animal diseases and plantpests.chief executive of the Plant Biosecurity Cooperative ResearchCentre said that "pests and diseases are the single biggest threat to the quality and safety ofproduce in Africa, hinder economic growth and contribute to poverty.
Biosecurity Project for tenAfrican countries– Australian investment (contd)
Fusariumwilt, also known as Panama disease,spread from Asia to Africa.In 2003,Bactrocerainvadens, a highly destructive Asian fruit fly pest, was detected in Kenya and has spread across the continent.Tutaabsoluta– a tomato pest – was reported for the first time in Senegal in 2012, and is moving south through the continent."Maize lethal necrosis virus, another new example, is causing major crop losses ineast. Africa.Other invasive pests:Cassava brown streak virus,banana bunchy top virus,cassava mosaic virus
Biosecurity Project for tenAfrican countries– Australian investment (contd)
Are biosecurity measures getting worse?"Pests are moving a lot more now, and the preparedness of countries isweak’’ says experts.Plant Biosecurity Capacity DevelopmentInitiative includeplacements of African specialists in relevant Australian institutions; workshops inAfrica, mentoringprogrammeand funding to help participants develop biosecurity action plans at national and regionallevel.
Fruitflycontrol: capacity building initiatives
FAO/IAEA Regional Training Course on Fruit FlyBiocontrolin WestAfrica.Regional TC Project RAF5061). 2–6 March 2015, Nairobi, Kenya.FAO/IAEA Regional Meeting on SITApplication, Including Rearing, Irradiation and Release of Fruit Flies (under TC Project RAF5062).24–26 June 2015Reduit,Mauritius.Training course in taxonomy and systematics ofAfrcanfruit flies organized by Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium andSokoineUniversity of Agriculture, Tanzania from 04-20 May 2015.
Fruitflycontrol: capacity building initiatives(contd)
Zimbabwe Ministry of Agriculture,Mechanisationand Irrigation Development and FAO has launched a project to controlfruitflythat will run till December 2015. Banks and financial institutions were also encourage to support the initiative in order for the country to surmount restrictions placed on fruit and vegetable exports by her trading partners as result of the pest.
SUCCESS STORIES
Ethiopia earn $114 million from fruits and vegetable exportsto EU, YEMEN, SOMALIA, DJIBOUTI, SUDAN AND OTHERS in the first 6 months. It earned $246 million in fiscal year endingjuly2014. New investors come from Netherlands, India, Ecuador and Saudi Arabia.Morocco, not a food insecure country, has avoided political upheaval arising for Arab Spring, developed agriculture on two pillarsviz: focus on 1.large farms and 2. small holder and family farming. Economic growth was 5% in 2011, 4.4 % in 2013.
SUCCESSSTORIES(contd)
West and Central African Council of Agricultural Research and Development(CORAL/WECARD) has produced 70 short films with over 8100 views on You Tube targeted at about 318 million people of which 70% live in rural areas. Viewer get a glimpse of the 55 coordinated projects putting farmers in thecentreof the innovative practices and encourages learning through interchange of ideas,sucesses, failures betweenstakehoders.
SUCCESSSTORIES(contd)
Fruit Fly Africais anindustry owned service body created to plan, co-ordinate and execute area-wide fruit fly controlprogrammesin South Africa.Area basedprogrammesare tailor-made for specific productionregions andSterile Insect Technique (SIT) forms part of the integrated approach.Upto 14 millionsterile Medflymales per week are currently produced at theMedfly mass rearing facility.Host plant management, trap setting, monitoring of FF population,Baiting of non-farm hotspots,  releases of sterile fruit flies,Liaisingwith national and international fruit fly and SIT experts

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SOME UPDATES ON PEST SITUATION AND PHYTOSANITARY ...