You wouldn’t want to say, “Alex said Alex lost Alex’s watch.” You’d say instead, “Alex said he lost his watch.” The wordsheandhisare called pronouns and are put in place of thenounAlex.
Pronounsare words that stand for nouns or for words that take the place of nouns.Example:Michaelsaidhelosthiswatch in the gym.Heandhisare standing in place ofMichael.
Antecedentsare the nouns that the pronouns take the place of.Example:Michaelsaidhelosthiswatch in the gym.Michaelis the antecedent for the pronounsheandhis.
See Exercise 11 on page 223
Common Pronouns:He, she, himself, it, themselves, which, that, these, both, many, question words (who? what?)
We are going to talk about 7 kinds of pronouns. The first is the most common, called the personal pronoun.
Personal pronounsrefer to yourself and the people and things around you.
Personal Pronoun Examples:Tom and Trish yelled, “Those are ours!”The personal pronoun isours.Liz handed her brother his coat.The personal pronouns areherandhis.
See exercise 13 on page 224
Areflexive pronounends in –self or –selves to show that someone is doing an action to, for, or upon itself.Ex: Joy helpedherselfto some cake.
Anintensive pronounalso ends in –self or –selves, but it adds emphasis on a noun or pronoun in that sentence.Ms. McKenziefixed thecomputerherself.
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns
See exercise 14 on page 226
Ademonstrative pronoundirects attention to specific people, places, or thingsEx:Thisis the person we want to hire.
Arelative pronounbegins a subordinate clause (extra info in a sentence) and connects it to the main part in the sentence.That, which, who, whom, whoseEx: We visited the farm,whichis near Lexington.
Interrogative pronounsare used to begin a question.What, which, who, whom, whoseEx:Whatdo you mean?
See exercise 15 on page 228
An indefinite pronoun refers to people, places, or things without specifying which ones.Some are: anybody, anyone, anything, everyone, everything, somebody, someone, both, many, all, most, noneThese usually don’t have antecedents!