Follow
Publications: 87 | Followers: 0

A POCKET GUIDE TO PUBLIC SPEAKING 4TH EDITION Chapter 1

Publish on Category: Birds 0

Informative Speaking
Goal is to impart knowledge toRaise awareness;Deepen understanding of some phenomenon.Brings new topics to lightOffers new insights on familiar subjectsProvides novel ways of thinking
Gain and Sustain Involvement
Use audience analysis.Used to gauge listeners’:Knowledge of your topicLikely interests and needsAllows you to adjust your speechFocus on most important information
Gain and Sustain Involvement (cont.)
Present new and interesting informationSeek outUnusual angles;Novel interpretations;Moving stories;Striking examples.
Gain and Sustain Involvement (cont.)
Help listeners follow along.Prepare a well-organized introduction.Make liberal use of transitions.Use internal previews and internal summaries.Use rhetorical devices to reinforce information.Help listeners mentally organize ideas.
Subject Matter of Informative Speeches
Informative speeches can be about:Objects or phenomenaVarious aspects of nonhuman subjectsPeopleImpact of individuals/groups on society
Subject Matter of Informative Speeches (cont.)
EventsNoteworthy occurrences, past and presentProcessesHow something is doneHowsomething ismadeHowsomething works
Subject Matter of Informative Speeches (cont.)
ConceptsAbstract or complex ideas, theories, beliefsIssuesProblems or matters of disputeIntended to raise awareness/deepen understandingNot intended to advocate a position
Informative Speech – About an Object
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience of the major alternative-fuel cars nowbeingdeveloped.I. One kind of alternative-fuel car is powered by electricity.II. A second kind of alternative-fuel car is powered by methanol.III. A third kind of alternative-fuel car is powered by hydrogen.
Informative Speech – About a Process
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience of the common methods used by stage magicians to perform their tricks.I. Many magic tricks rely on mechanical devices that may require little skill by the magician.II. Other magic tricks depend on the magician’s skill in fooling people by sleight-of-hand manipulation
Informative Speech – About an Event
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the events in women’s gymnastics.I. The floor exercise combines dancing,acrobatics, and tumbling.II. The vault features explosive strength and dramatic midair maneuvers.III. The balance beam requires preciseroutines and perfect coordination.IV. The uneven parallel bars demand great strength, flexibility, and agility.
Informative Speech – About a Concept
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the basic principles of nonviolent resistance.I. The first major principle of nonviolent resistance is that social change must be achieved by moral means.II. The second major principle of nonviolent resistance is that one should not inflict violence on one’s enemies.III. The third major principle of nonviolent resistance is that suffering can be a powerful social force.
Guidelines for Info. Speaking
Don’t overestimate what the audience knowsRelate the subject directly to the audienceDon’tbe too technicalAvoid abstractionsPersonalize your ideas
Decide How to Communicate Your Information
DefinitionOperational definition (what something does)Definition by negation (what something is not)Definition by example (providing solid examples)DescriptionA statement that depicts a person, event, idea, or the like with clarity and vividness.Provides an array of detailsPaints a mental picture for listeners
Decide How to Communicate Your Information (cont.)
Demonstration (not for this class)Verbal demonstration of stepsinvolvedComparison / ContrastA statement of the similaritiesor differences amongtwo or more people, events, ideas, etc.
Decide How to Communicate Your Information (cont.)
ExplanationProvides reasons or causesDemonstrates relationshipsOffers interpretation and analysis
Take Steps to Reduce Confusion
Use analogies to build on prior knowledge.Relate to what listeners already know.Demonstrate underlying causes.Acknowledge common misconceptions.Offer an explanation of underlying causes.
Take Steps to Reduce Confusion (cont.)
Appeal to different learning styles.Visual (pictures, diagrams, charts, maps)Aural (lectures, audio, group discussions, podcasts)Read/write (handouts, text-based slides)Kinesthetic (real-life demonstrations)
Take Steps to Reduce Confusion (cont.)
Multimodal learners have combined preferences.Audience analysisProvides sense of individuals’ learning stylesMultiple models needed to convey information
Arrange Points in a Pattern
Patterns used ininformative speeches:TopicalChronologicalSpatialCause-effectNarrative

0

Embed

Share

Upload

Make amazing presentation for free
A POCKET GUIDE TO PUBLIC SPEAKING 4TH EDITION Chapter 1