Grade 9PPL10Adapted and reproduced with permission from Alberta Health Services
Examine aspects of healthy sexuality and responsible sexual behaviour.Identifyand describetypesofcontraceptives.Describe the effectiveness of methods of birth control in preventingpregnancies and sexually transmittedinfections.Identify sources and information where students can go to get support on contraceptive methods.
What is Contraception?
Contraception occurs by either preventing the fertilization of an ovum (egg) by the sperm cell, orpreventingthe embryo (fertilized egg) from implantinginto the lining of theuterus
Why is it important to learn about contraception?
Factualinformation is critical to make healthy decisions now and in thefuture
Methods of Contraception
What are SomeMethods of Contraception?Hormonal –e.g. Combined hormonal contraceptives “the pill”, patch, ring, IUS, Depo, Emergency Contraception Pill (ECP)Non Hormonal –e.g. Copper IUDBarrier-e.g. Condoms, dental damSpermicidal-e.g. FoamUnreliable-e.g. Douching, withdrawalOther-e.g.Abstinence
Test your Knowledge
Birth Control Pre-Test
Feminine hygiene products may be used as a contraceptivemethod
FALSEFemininehygiene products include tampons, pads, and douches. None of these products are an effective contraceptivemethod
2. Awoman can become pregnant without having sexualintercourse
TRUEEvenif there is no penetration of the penis, sperm can come in contact with the vagina if ejaculation occurs outside of the female near her vagina or on an area of the body brought in contact with thevagina
3. Withdrawalis considered to be an effective contraceptivemethod
FALSETherecan be sperm cells contained within pre-ejaculate which is released form the penis prior to ejaculation. These sperm cells can causepregnancy
4. Usingboth a condom and the pill is considered to be a very effective contraceptivemethod
TRUEAnadded advantage is that combining a hormonal method with a condom provides good STI protection. Abstinence is the only 100% effectivemethod
5. Douchingis not a good method of birthcontrol
TRUEDouchingis not a reliable method of birth control. Not only is douching (washing out the vaginal canal with a water solution) an ineffective method of birth control, it is not a recommended practice because it can create an imbalance in the natural pH levels of thevagina
6. Afemale must have an orgasm to becomepregnant
FALSEPregnancyoccurs when sperm fertilizes an egg. This can happen whether or not a female has had anorgasm
7.TheIUDisa good option for birth control
TRUETheIntrauterine Device (IUD) or Intrauterine System (IUS)can be prescribed by ahealth care providerHormonalIntrauterine Systems are 99.8% effective. A copper IUD (non hormonal) is up to 99.4%effective
8. Acondom and a diaphragm are thesame
FALSEWhilethey are both barrier methods, only condoms provide protection against pregnancy andSTI
9.Ahealthcare professional mustprescribe thepill
TRUEPrescriptionscan be writtenby:a familydoctora doctor or nurse practitioner at a walk in clinica doctor or nurse practitionerat a SexualHealth Clinic
10. Themost effective contraceptive method for preventing the spread of sexually transmitted infections is acondom
FALSEAbstinenceis the only 100% effective method for preventing the spread and transmission ofSTI
11. Onaverage, pregnancy in teens results in more health problems than taking thepill
TRUEDuring the first three months of pregnancy, 7 out of 10 pregnant teens do not see a doctor or go to a clinic, placing the mother’s health atriskTeenmothers are at increased risk for low birth weight and pre-term infants, as well as infantdeath
12. Afterejaculation, sperm may live longer than 48hours
TRUESpermcan live 3 to 5 days afterejaculation
13.If a woman missed taking the pill, she should use some other form of contraceptive, like a condom for the rest of that month with thepill
TRUEMissingany hormone pills, may increase your risk ofpregnancyCallyour healthcare provider for instructions and use a backup method of birth control (such as condoms) and think about getting Emergency Contraception (EC) if you have had unprotected sex in the last 5days
14. Awoman is safe from pregnancy if sexual intercourse occurs duringmenstruation
FALSEThereis no safe time for intercourse in order to prevent apregnancyEverywoman’s cycle is different and ovulation can occur at any time during the menstrualcycle
What do you think is the best method of contraception?
Abstinenceis the only 100% effective method if usedproperly
What do you think is the best method of protecting oneself from STI?
AbstinenceIfsomeone is sexually active, dual protection (the use of hormonal contraception and a condom) is the bestprotection
If a teen chooses to have sexual intercourse, what skills are they going to need?
Ability to go for STI testingComfort with one’s own bodyComfort discussing pregnancy, birth control and STI with a partner, a health care provider and other important people in one’s lifeAbility to go to a pharmacy or health/family planning clinic to access the contraceptive supplies
Usingcontraception is a sharedresponsibility