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The Process of Educating Nurses Chapter Five

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The Process of Educating NursesChapterFour
CatherineHrycyk,MScNNursing 50
Topics for today:-Trends in society affecting healthcare-Changes in healthcare which influence nursing education-The Pew Report-ANA position paper on education for nurses-Types of educational programs
Trends in Society Affecting Healthcare
Changing demographics and ↑ cultural diversityTechnology explosionEconomic and social globalizationBetter educated consumers, alternate healthcare practices, palliative careIncreased complex healthcareManaged care, ↑↑↑ healthcare costsGovernmental healthcareregs& policiesNursing shortageAdvances in nursing research
Changes in Healthcare that Influence Nursing Education
A market-driven healthcare economyUse of managed care for financing coverage↑ age and diversity of the US populationAhugeshortage of nursesLeaps in healthcare and info technology
The Pew Report- 1990s
Recommendations:-expand the scientific basis of nursing programs-promote interdisciplinary education-develop cultural sensitivity-establish new alliances with managed care companies and government-↑ the use of computer technology and interactive software
Nurses of the Future
Need to combine acute care education with community-based education in order to meet the needs of both using:>critical thinking-ability to use basic core knowledge and decision-making skills in deciding and resolving situations (good judgment)>case management-coordinating care with an individual client or on a system-wide basis. Driven by cost-effective care as individual moves from one level to another thru the system
ANA Position Paper on Education for Nurses- 1965
Purpose of ANA- to ensure high quality nursing care by fostering high standards of nursing practice and furthering the professional and educational advancement of nursesPaper: BSN education should be the basic level of preparation for professional nurses!!!!! (thus, ↑ the number of BSN prepared nurses)AACN said the same in 1996So, have there been any changes???
Types of Educational Programs
All programs require clinical experience to gain certain knowledge and skillsDiploma Schools: hospital-based, ‘free labor’. Were 3 year programs, for hospital positionsLPN/ LVN: (technical nurse) 9-12 month programs in hospitals, vocational/ trade schools for hospitals,nsghome or homecareADN: (technical nurse) 2 year program in community colleges for hospital/ inpatient
Types of Educational Programs
BSN: 4-5 years in Universities and Colleges, for inpatient and communityLadder/ Articulation: allows nurses to upgrade theireducaitonand move from oneedlevel to another with ease and without loss of credits from previoused(LVN→ADN; LVN→BSN; ADN→BSN)Master's & Doctoral: MSN- specialist:[ ]area of study PhD- generalist: but at higher level than BSN
Types of Educational Programs
7.Education for Advanced Practice: 'expanded role' for nurses who obtain certification. Allowed to practice at a higher and more independent level (depending on state regulations).-PCP, CRNA, CNSSchools need to educate nurses to meet the needs, challenges and demands of a more sophisticated and technologic society!!!
See you next class……Please do your readings & bring thoughtful questions!





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The Process of Educating Nurses Chapter Five