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Staying Healthy_ Health Care - floridaliteracy.org

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StayingHealthyAn English Learner’s guide tohealth care and healthy livingLunchtime lessons90 minutesfor 4 consecutive weeks
Health CareThe DoctorMedicinesNutrition
Staying healthylesson 1:health care
Lisa Leiby, RN
Health care
Learning ObjectivesStudents will list 3 reasons for visiting a doctor for acheckupStudents will recognize emergency health care situations and when to call911Students will know where they can find local programs and facilities they can contact for healthcareTools required: handouts, access to internet, healthy lunch/snacks
Health Care
HealthCareSystemHospitals, Medical Clinics, Public Healthand Emergency DepartmentsDoctors, Nurse Practitioners, Physician AssistantsNurses, Dieticians, Pharmacists, Social Workers
Health care
Different Kinds of Health Care1)Regular Checkups – Well VisitsHealth or Medical HistoryForm (p. 30 handbook)Check Yes or NoSpecific dates/year of illnesses, immunizationsPhysical ExaminationHeight and Weight and Blood PressureHeartLungsEyes/Ears/Throat/MouthTests: blood, urine, (female) pap smear, (male) prostateStaying HealthyDietExerciseNo SmokingImmunizations
Health care
2) When you are sickSymptomsTell doctor how you feel and for how longContagious DiseasesYou get sick from other people’s germsGood Hand Washing!Hospitals and grocery stores have hand wipesMaking an Appointment (Role play)
Health care
3)Emergency Visits – 911Chest painDifficulty BreathingCar AccidentDrowningSnake biteUnconsciousUse any phone to call 911 immediatelyTell what the emergency isAnswer all questionsIf you do not understand, say “I speak Spanish”, wait for someone who speaks your languageDO NOT HANG UP the phoneWait with the sick person until the ambulance arrives
Health Care
Learning Medical WordsVocabularyWordsPronunciation: Tap the Stress(p. 7 Teacher’s Guide)Activities:Health Care Vocabulary Bingo(www.bingocardcreator.com)Hospital SignsandSymbols (p. 12 handbook)Phone Call: 211 or access website @www.flairs.orgCommunity Health CareResources (handout)www.healthyroadsmedia.org/index.htm
Health care
Conversation 1: (Role play)Operator: 911. What is your emergency?Parent: My boy fell out of the tree.Operator: Is he conscious?Parent: Yes.Operator: Is he hurt?Parent: I think he broke his leg.Operator: An ambulance is on its way.
Health care
Conversation 2: (Role play)InformationDesk: May I help you?Patient: Yes, where do I go for an X-Ray?InformationDesk: Do you have an appointment?Patient: Yes.InformationDesk: You need to go to Radiology. Go past the gift shop and turn right. Look for the X-Ray sign. You will need to sign in at the desk.Patient: OK. Thank you.
Staying Healthy:lesson 2:the doctor
Lisa Leiby, RN
The doctor
Learning ObjectivesStudents will identify 2 helpful ways to prepare for a doctor’sappointmentStudents will know 3 important questions to ask thedoctorStudents will describe 8 common symptomsclearlyTools required: b/p machine or cuff and stethoscope, handouts, access to internet, healthy lunch/snacks
The doctor
Things To Do Before Your Doctor’s VisitWrite down the medicines you take or bring the medicines with youWrite down all of the health problems you have ever had and the symptoms you are feeling nowPractice describing your symptoms in EnglishBring bilingual bookAsk a friend or family member to go with youRequest interpreter
The doctor
The Doctor’s Office Visit (Role play)Sign inTell clerk your name and time of your appointmentFill out Health History FormWait in the waiting room until the nurse calls you to take your:HeightWeightBloodPressure (take B/P from each student)Nurse will ask you to undress and wear a gownThe doctor will knock on the door and come in with the nurse or medical assistantTell the doctor why you are there and describe your symptomsExamination
The doctor
Vocabulary WordsPronunciation – Tap the Stress(p. 27 Teacher Guide)Describing Symptoms/Health History(p.31 Teacher’s Guide)ActivitiesConversation: Information Desk or phoneMath: Understanding BloodPressure (p. 28 Teacher’s Guide)Grammar:(p. 29-30 Teacher’s Guide)FeelHave and WhenAfter and Have You EverPractice DescribingSymptoms (p.23-27 handbook)www.eslpod.com –“Describing Symptoms to the Doctor”Conversation with the Doctor
The doctor
Conversation 1: (Role play)Doctor: I’m Dr. Robbins. How are you today?Patient: OK, thank you.Doctor: What can I do for you today?Patient: I feel dizzy and I have a headache.Doctor: How long have you been feeling dizzy and have had a headache?Patient: For a week.Doctor: Do you have a history of high blood pressure?Patient: Yes.Doctor: Are you taking any medications for your blood pressure?Patient: No.Doctor: Is there anyone in your family with high blood pressure?Patient: Yes, my mother and my grandmother.
The doctor
Conversation 2: (Role play)Doctor: You have mild hypertension. I’m going to write you a prescription for medication.Patient: Excuse me, but I don’t understand.Doctor: Hypertension means high blood pressure. Your blood pressure is a little too high, so I want you to take some medicine to bring your blood pressure to a normal level.Patient: OK, thank you for explaining that.Doctor: You’re welcome. I want to schedule a follow-up appointment in 6 weeks to see if the medicine is working.Patient: OK, thank you.
Staying Healthy:lesson 3:medicines
Lisa Leiby, RN
medicines
Learning ObjectivesStudents will understand the difference between over-the-counter and prescription medicinesStudents will know how to find and understand 6 pieces of information on a prescription labelStudents will explain how to take medicines from reading the directions on thelabelTools required: variety of empty prescription/OTC bottles/pkgs, tsp/Tbsp, syringes for demonstration, handouts, access to internet, healthy lunch/snacks
medicines
DifferentTypesofMedicine (p. 39-40)PrescriptionOver The Counter (OTC)Different Kinds of Medicine(p. 37)Tablets, liquid, powder, drops, injection, inhalant, ointment, capsulesHands-on demonstration with variety of medicines
medicines
Medicine LabelsOver the Counter (OTC)Name of the medicineWhat is the medicine forHow and when to take the medicineHow much of the medicine to takeSide effectsWarningsExpiration date (end)
medicines
Medicine LabelsPrescriptionName of medicineDose = how much medicine to takePrescription – Rx #Pharmacy phone numberDate when you receive medicineNumber of refillsYour name and your doctor’s name
medicines
How to measure and take medicineAll medicine labels give directions:How to take the medicineOral - mouthRectal - rectumTopical – skinOptical – eyesInhalant - lungs
medicines
How much medicine to take1 tablet, 2 tablets, ½ tablet1 capsule, 2 capsules1 teaspoon, 2 teaspoons, ½ teaspoon
Medicines
How often or when to take the medicineOnce a day – 8 amTwice a day – 8 am and 5 pmThree a day – 8 am, 5 pm, 8 pmEvery 4 hours – 6 am, 10 am, 2 pm, 6 pm, 10 pmEvery 6 hours – 6 am, 12 pm, 6 pm, 10 pm
medicines
Taking Medicine–tablets, capsules, liquidVocabulary WordsPronunciation – Tap theStress(p. 43 Teacher’s Guide)ActivitiesGrammar: Howmuch, How many, How often(p. 44 Teacher’s Guide)Hands on:Reading Medicine LabelMeasuring Liquid MedicinesSide EffectsWarningLabels (p. 45)www.reepworld.org/englishpractice/health/medicine/index.htm
Medicines
Conversation 1: (Role play)Patient: What is my problem?Doctor: You have an infection. The medicine I give you will kill the infection.Patient: What do I need to do?Doctor: Start taking the medicine right away. Take it for the entire 14 days, even if you think you are feeling better.Patient: Why is that important for me to do that?Doctor: The medicine is an antibiotic. You need to take all of it so the infection will not return.
medicines
Conversation 2: (Role play)Pharmacist: How may I help you?Patient: I need to fill this prescription, please.Pharmacist: OK. Here you are. Do you have any questions?Patient: Yes. How do I take this medicine?Pharmacist: Take 2 capsules twice a day.Patient: When should I take them?Pharmacist: Take 2 capsules in the morning and 2 capsules in the evening.Patient: OK. Thank you.
Staying Healthy:lesson 4:nutrition
Lisa Leiby, RN
nutrition
Learning ObjectivesStudents will explain 2 ways how nutrition affects yourhealthStudents will describe the function of 5 important nutrients, and name foods that containthemStudents will identify 4 important pieces of information on a foodlabelTools required: variety of food packages with food labels, handouts, access to internet, healthy lunch/snacks, recipes
nutrition
How the body uses food to stay healthyGood nutrition helps the body to:(p. 52)GrowStay StrongTo Have EnergyFight Sickness and DiseaseAll foods contain 3 important nutrients:(p.53-57)Carbohydrates, Proteins, FatsFiber, Vitamins, MineralsHealthy Eating(p. 57-58)VarietyEat 5-9 Servings of Fruits/Vegetables Every DayLess fatLess sugar
nutrition
Food Labels and Nutrition FactsVocabulary WordsPronunciation – Tap theStress (p. 59 Teacher’s Guide)ActivitiesComparing Labels/Choose Healthier FoodsServing size:(p. 62)CaloriesTotal FatCarbohydrates/FiberGrammar: Words that Mean the SameThing (p.63)Hands on: Looking at Food Labels and GroupingHealthy Weightwww.choosemyplate.govwww.fruitsandveggiesmatter.gov
Staying healthy
Eat Healthy FoodsKeep a Healthy WeightExerciseDon’t SmokeGet Regular CheckupsTake Care of Stresswww.healthyroadsmedia.org
5 Super foods
Spinach-high in Vitamin K – good for bones and visionCurry–turmeric – decreases brain aging, cancer and boosts metabolismTomatoes–Lucopein – great antioxidant and decreases skin damage while in sunAlmonds–Vitamin E – good for coordination and decreases heart diseaseDark Chocolate–great antioxidant – decreases blood pressure andheart disease

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Staying Healthy_ Health Care - floridaliteracy.org