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European Colonialism in Africa - umsl.edu

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EuropeanColonialisminAfrica
Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
African Trade [15c-17c]
Pre-19c European Trade with Africa
IndustrialRevolution
Source forRawMaterials
Markets forFinishedGoods
EuropeanNationalism
MissionaryActivity
Military& NavalBases
EuropeanMotivesFor Colonization
Places toDumpUnwanted/Excess Popul.
Soc. & Eco.Opportunities
HumanitarianReasons
EuropeanRacism
“WhiteMan’sBurden”
SocialDarwinism
European Explorers in Africa
19cEuropeans Map the Interior of Africa
19cMysteries& Adventures
1. Where Is Dr. Livingstone?
Dr. David Livingstone
DoctorLivingstone,I Presume?
Sir Henry Morton Stanley
European Explorations in mid-19c:“The Scramble for Africa”
2. What is the Source of the Nile?
John Speke
Sir Richard Burton
Africain the1880s
Africain1914
Social Darwinism
The “White Man’s Burden”
Rudyard Kipling
The “White Man’s Burden”?
The Belgian Congo:"King Leopold'sGhost"
The Congo Free StateorThe Belgian Congo
King Leopold II:(r. 1865 – 1909)
Harvesting Rubber
Punishing “Lazy” Workers
5-8 Million Victims!(50% of Popul.)
It is blood-curdling to see them (the soldiers) returning with the hands of the slain, and to find the hands of young children amongst the bigger ones evidencing their bravery...The rubber from this district has cost hundreds of lives, and the scenes I have witnessed, while unable to help the oppressed, have been almost enough to make me wish I were dead... This rubber traffic is steeped in blood, and if the natives were to rise and sweep every white person on the Upper Congo into eternity, there would still be left a fearful balance to their credit.-- Belgian Official
Belgium’s Stranglehold on the Congo
BerlinConferenceof1884-1885
The StruggleForSouth Africa
Dutch Landing in 1652
Shaka Zulu(1785 – 1828)
Boers Clash With the Xhosa Tribes
Boer Farmer
The Great Trek, 1836-38
Afrikaners
Diamond Mines
Raw Diamonds
The Struggle for South Africa
Cecil Rhodes(1853-1902)
“The Colossus of Rhodes”
Uncle Sam: “The Colossusof the Pacific”(A Parody)
Paul Kruger(1825-1904)
Boer-British Tensions Increase
1877 – Britain annexed the Transvaal.
1883 – Boers fought British in theTransvaal and regained itsindependence.- Paul Kruger becomes President.
1880s – Gold discovered in theTransvaal
The Boer War:1899 - 1900
The Boers
The British
A Future British Prime Minister
British Boer War Correspondent,Winston Churchill
The Struggle for South Africa

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European Colonialism in Africa - umsl.edu