E-safetyissues for schools and local authorities
Key messages for today
Young people and ICTRelevant policies and legislationIssues and risksRole of the school/organisationSupport availableWhat do you need to do?
For young people ICT is not a novelty but the way they engage with their world - 21stcentury culture
Communicationvia email, chat rooms and message boards, IM, SMS, weblogs, social networks, Skype, podcasting……..Entertainment– watching films on DVD, downloading music, playing games, taking, storage and retrieval of digital images.Education– research, word processing, data manipulation, modelling, design, creativity, recording thoughtsPersonal management– diary, appointment calendars and address books, alarm clock and personal reminders, finding the best party locations!For shopping………………..all at the same time!
Why should I be concerned about e-safety?
Every Child Matters: Change for childrenBe healthyStay safeEnjoy and achieveMake a positive contributionAchieve economic well-beingSafeguarding Children in Education– Sept 2004Working Together to Safeguard Children (11.58-11.62)Practitioners need to know that ICT is safe if they are to take advantage of its benefitsSchools have a duty of care - both inside and outsideDfES – ‘Harnessing Technology’ – the e-strategy
What are the risks?
Content-sexual, racist, violent unreliable/bigoted ie safety of children’s mindsCommerce-scams, phishing and pharming, bluejacking, downloadswhich steal information– children’s and parents!Contact-via interactive technologies – IM, chat, multiplayer gamesCulture–bullying, camera phones, blogging, moblogging,social networking…..The‘C’of ICT is the most dangerousie Communication which can lead to ContactApprox 40 - 50 cases in the last 4 -5 years compared to 500 serious road casualties per year!The biggest Internet danger is that we concentrate on the dangers and forget the benefits!Balance and perspective
‘..the risks do not merit a moral panic, and nor do they warrant seriously restricting children’s internet use because this would deny them the many benefits of the internet. Indeed, there are real costs to lacking internet access or sufficient skills to use it.’
‘However, the risks are nonetheless widespread, they are experienced by many children as worrying or problematic, and they do warrant serious intervention by government, educators, industry and parents.’
Schools should be raising awareness of:
Internet safetykeeping personal information secret across all technologies – email, chat, IM, mobilebullying across all technologies including camera phones & blogspeople online may not be who they say they areInternet securityspotting copycats websites and scamsviruses and spam via emailif it looks to good to be true it generally isMedia literacyevaluating reliability/validity of informationcopyright and plagiarismP2P networks - allow anyone to publish videos and large files to anyone who needs them eg Napster and Gnutella, music and porn!
Issues for schools to consider
Who is responsible for teaching e-safety?In primary phase?In secondary phase?Whole school issue of child safety not ICT!Technological issuesAt whatageshould internet safety lessons start?How canparentsbe involved?What support is there in schools for teachers in the event of a ‘disclosure’?Advent of 3G and ‘mobile internet’Protection for staff – AUPDamage to network through downloading of files/virusesData securityIdentifiable/contactable/pupil email addresses/images on web sitesAccessing inappropriate web content at schoolExternal issues being brought into school – eg cyberbullying
Policy and procedure - what help is available?
E-safety publication:Main recommendations:E-safety co-ordinatorPolicy and management teamChecklists of AUPsIncident logSafetynet discussion forum
Becta’s Schools websitehttp://www.becta.org.uk/schools/esafety
Infrastructure - what help is available?
ISP Safety sitehttp://ispsafety.ngfl.gov.ukBecta Accreditation of Internet Services to Education:enables schools to purchase services from accredited suppliers that meet and maintain specific standards in content filtering and service performance.Delivering the National Digital InfrastructureRobust and reliable networksSecure and safeaccess to data and content via the National Education NetworkBest value purchasingTechnical support and servicesFinding choosing and using resourcesPersonalised learning spaces
Educational resources - what help is available?www.becta.org.uk/publications
Primary:TheInternet Proficiencyscheme for KS2Smartsurfersfor KS2Others….Secondary:Signposts to Safety for KS3/4Childnet International -‘Know IT All’for KS3Think U KnowOthers….Parents:ParentscentreKnowITAll for Parents
What should schools/organisations be doing?
Be alert to the possibilities!Provide:-Policies and procedures-InfrastructureEducation for staff, parents, studentsStandards and inspection(School Evaluation Framework4b. To what extent do learners feel safe and adopt safe practices?5c. How well are learners guided and supported?)
E-safety: the experience in English Educational Establishments
Autumn term 2005, random anonymous sample444 schools and colleges(303 primary, 123 secondary, Special schools, PRU’s, colleges)In depth interviews with 61 teachers25 Local Education Authorities5 Regional Broadband ConsortiaKey findingsLEAs are often the first port of call for e-safety advice – particularly in primary educationHaving a designated e-safety co-ordinated and AUP makes a differenceMost common breech of e-safety is the viewing of unsuitable contentTeaching about e-safety makes a differencehttp://www.becta.org.uk/research/reports/esafetyaudit
Ruth HammondBritish Educational Communications and Technology Agency (Becta)Millburn Hill RoadScience ParkCoventryCV4 7JJTel: 02476 416994Fax: 02476 [email protected]
From maltreatment, neglect, violence and sexual exploitationFrom accidental injury and deathFrom bullying and discriminationFrom crime and anti-social behaviour in and out of schoolHave security, stability and are cared forThese aims were written with the ‘real’ world in mind, however many equally apply to the ‘virtual’ world of 21stcentury
DfES – ‘Harnessing Technology’ – the e-strategy
‘One of our key aims is to personalise learning for children and adults, and their interaction with professionals.’home-school linksAnytime anywhere learningAuthenticationLifelong!Learner centricaddressing children and learning services as a whole, rather than sector-by-sectorSafeguarding children acrossallservices in line withEvery Child Matters agenda
Concerns are shifting from what children are ‘downloading’ in terms of content to what they are ‘uploading’ to the net.
..no-one is safe!
What help is available for the Primary phase?
Education and trainingTheInternet Proficiencyscheme for KS2 (UK)Netsmartz(US)Disney(US)Faux Paw(US)Internet Superheroes(US)Smart Surfers(UK)CBBC – Stay Safe(UK)Hector Protector(NZ)
What help is available for the Secondary phase?
Education and trainingSignposts to Safety for KS3/4Know It AllChalk Face resourceWebsafe CrackerzThinkuknow.co.ukNetsmartz(US)
Know It Allhttp://www.childnet-int.org/kia/
Cybercafe Interactive web site
Web site - standalone and a teaching resource.Hosted on Gridclubhttp://www.gridclub.com/cybercafe/teachers
Gridclub Cybercafeteachers page
Presentationfor parents and governorsScreensaverTeacher’s pack
Reliability and bias?http://zapatopi.net/treeoctopus/
Hector floats on the screen and covers it ifchildren see something which makes themfeel uncomfortable