What does that mean?Types?
Types and Definitions
Metaphor-- comparison between two unlike things “You are my sunshine.”Simile– uses like or as “He islikean energetic monkey.”Extended– lasts for several lines or entire poemSynecdoche-- part represents whole “ranchhand”Metonymy-- word substituted with similar word “lifespilled from him”Hyperbole– exaggerationPersonification– giving human qualities to inhuman object
You’reBySylvia PlathClownlike, happiest on your hands,Feet to the stars, and moon-skulled,Gilled like a fish. A common-senseThumbs-down on the dodo’s mode.Wrapped up in yourself like a spool,Trawling your dark as owls do.Mute as a turnip from the FourthOf July to All Fools’ Day,O high-riser, my little loaf.Vague as fog and looked for like mail.Farther off than Australia.Bent-backed Atlas, our traveled prawn.Snug as a bud and at homeLike a sprat in a pickle jug.A creel of eels, all ripples.Jumpy as a Mexican bean.Right, like a well-done sum.A clean slate, with your own face on.Taken fromhttp://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/178971
Child on Top of a GreenhouseThe wind billowing out the seat of my britches,My feet crackling splinters of glass and dried putty,The half-grown chrysanthemums staring up like accusers,Up through the streaked glass, flashing with sunlight,A few white clouds all rushing eastward,A line of elms plunging and tossing like horses,And everyone, everyone pointing up and shouting!Taken fromhttp://allpoetry.com/Child-on-Top-of-a-Greenhouse
Write a poem, at least 9 lines, called “You’re”Use figurative language to write about your partner in the classHighlight your uses of figurative language and label them!Can be typed or handwritten– due at the start of class on Tuesday
What are they?Why use them?
Types and Definitions
Repetition– any repeating elementAlliteration– repetition of initial consonant sound (“Thewildwaveswhist”)Assonance– repetition of vowel sound (burden, curtain)Consonance– repetition of consonant sound (wild,loud)Rhyme– repetition of accented vowel sound and all succeeding soundsMasculine– one syllable rhymes (support, retort)Feminine– two or more syllables rhyme (turtle, fertile)Approximate/ Half Rhyme– words with sound similarity (yellow, willow)Internal rhyme– words rhyme within a lineEnd rhyme– words at the ends of lines rhymeOnomatopoeia– word represents the sound it identifies (bark, boom)Phonetic intensives– sound somewhat connects to word’s meaning (flicker, sputter, sparkle)
The Guitarist Tunes UpWithwhat attentive courtesy hebent aOver his instrument; aNot as a lordlyconquerorwhocould bCommand both wire and wood, bBut as a man with a loved woman might, cInquiring withdelight cWhat slight essential things she had tosay dBefore they started, he and she, to play.dFrances DarwinCornfordheTaken from http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/the-guitarist-tunes-up/
Looking-Glass RiverComment on Looking-Glass River and see more Robert Louis Stevenson poems below.
Looking-Glass RiverRobertLouisStevensonSmooth it glides upon its travel,Here a wimple, there a gleam--O the clean gravel!O the smooth stream!Sailing blossoms, silver fishes,Pave pools as clear as air--How a child wishesTo live down there!We can see our colored facesFloating on the shaken poolDown in cool places,Dim and very cool;Till a wind or water wrinkle,Dipping marten, plumping trout,Spreads in a twinkleAnd blots all out.See the rings pursue each other;All below grows black as night,Just as if motherHad blown out the light!Patience, children, just a minute--See the spreading circles die;The stream and all in itWill clear by-and-by.Taken from http://www.poetrysoup.com/famous/poem/4231/looking-glass_river
Write a poem, at least 9lines; title it with one of your favorite activitiesUse sound devices to describe your activity– use at least two different types!Highlight your uses ofsound devices and label them!Can be typed or handwritten– due at the start of class onWednesday
Why does it matter?What type of structures exist in poetry?
Types and Definitions
Rhythm– Recurring soundsMeter– Accents occur at regular intervalsFoot– a metrical unit of stressed and unstressedsyllablesStanza– Group of lines in a poemCouplet-2 line stanzaTercet- 3 line stanzaQuatrain- 4 line stanzaCinquain- 5 line stanzaSestet- 6 line stanzaSeptet- 7 line stanzaOctave- 8 line stanzaFormOpen form- loosely structuredClosed form-tightlystructuredFree verse- no meter or rhyme schemeIambic Pentameter– 10 syllables per line w/ unstressed-stressed feetBlank verse– unrhymed iambic pentameter
Those Winter SundaysBY ROBERT HAYDENSundays too my father got up earlyand put his clothes on in theblueblackcold,then with cracked hands that achedfrom labor in the weekday weather madebanked fires blaze. No one ever thanked him.I’d wake and hear the cold splintering, breaking.When the rooms were warm, he’d call,and slowly I would rise and dress,fearing the chronic angers of that house,Speaking indifferently to him,who had driven out the coldand polished my good shoes as well.What did I know, what did I knowof love’s austere and lonely offices?Taken fromhttp://www.poetryfoundation.org/learning/poem/175758
It sifts from Leaden Sieves - (291)BY EMILYDICKINSONTaken from poetryfoundation.orgIt sifts from Leaden Sieves -It powders all the Wood.It fills with Alabaster WoolThe Wrinkles of the Road -It makes an even FaceOf Mountain, and of Plain -Unbroken Forehead from the EastUnto the East again -It reaches to the Fence -It wraps it Rail by RailTill it is lost in Fleeces -It deals Celestial VailTo Stump, and Stack - and Stem -A Summer’s empty Room -Acres of Joints, where Harvests were,Recordless, but for them -It Ruffles Wrists of PostsAs Ankles of a Queen -Then stills it’s Artisans - like Ghosts -Denying they have been -
Write a poem, at least 9lines;choose a season on which to focusUse a meter in your poem!Write the number of syllables next to each lineCan be typed or handwritten– due at the start of classonThursday