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## Claim, Evidence & Reasoning - Brookville Local Schools

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Claim, Evidence & Reasoning
Claims- Evidence- Reasoning
Claim-Answer to the question!Usually a statementEvidence-ObservationsFactsData from experimentQuotesStatisticsFacts
Reasoning-What do your facts/data mean?How do your observations support your claim?Use words such as means, tells, shows, and demonstrates.

Let’s try one together!
What Shape are Cells?
Cells can have lots of different shapes. In this lab, the animal cell was like a wavy circle. The plant cell looked like a rectangle. The bacteria was squiggly. Since all these cells had different shapes, I can tell that cells don’t just have one shape.
What Shape are Cells?
Cells can have lots of different shapes (claim).In this lab, the animal cell was like a wavy circle. The plant cell looked like a rectangle. The bacteria was squiggly (evidence).Since all these cells had different shapes, I can tell that cells don’t just have one shape (reasoning).
Let’s try another one together!
Do you think the “scar” on the Atlantic Ocean floor is a ridge or trench?
The scar is a ridge.The elevation of the scar is higher than the two stations on either side.
Do you think the “scar” on the Atlantic Ocean floor is a ridge or trench?
The scar is a ridge(claim).(evidence)The elevation of the scar is higher than the two stations on either side (reasoning).
Let’s try another one together!
Do cockroaches prefer light or dark environments?
Cockroaches prefer dark environments. When we let cockroaches choose between the light and dark side of a box, 9 of them chose the dark side. Since more of the roaches chose the dark, we can tell that is what they prefer.
Do cockroaches prefer light or dark environments?
Cockroaches prefer dark environments(claim).When we let 10 cockroaches choose between the light and dark side of a box, 9 of them chose the dark side(evidence).Since more roaches chose the dark, we can tell that is what they prefer(reasoning).
One more together!
Mr. Garcia:Do you think the climate is changing? Make sure you support your idea with evidence and reasoning.Olivia:I think the climate is changing because this fall has been really warm.Mariela:Does being warm just one fall count as evidence for climate change?Nate:No, climate is long term changes. It is just weather if it is one day or a month or a season. So I think it is changing because the air temperature has slowly gotten warmer over a long period of time. The average temperature has increased 2 degrees over the 100 years.
Mr. Garcia:Do you think the climate is changing? Make sure you support your idea with evidence and reasoning.Olivia:I think the climate is changing (claim)because this fall has been really warm (evidence).Mariela:Does being warm just one fall count as evidence for climate change?Nate:No, climate is long termchanges (claim).Itis just weather if it is one day or a month or a season (reasoning).So I think it is changing because the air temperature has slowly gotten warmer over a long period oftime (reasoning).The average temperature has increased 2 degrees over the 100 years (evidence).
Video Activity
https://youtu.be/QwRISkyV_B8
Video Activity
What does Vince what you to do?Why is Vince so convincing?We will watch the video again. Write down all the evidence that Vince uses to convince you to buy Sham Wow.https://youtu.be/QwRISkyV_B8
Video Activity
Claim:You should buy a Sham Wow.Evidence:Does not dripHolds times it’s weight in liquid.Absorbs all liquid from a carpet.
Video Activity
Reasoning:
Video Activity
Smile Video- ABC news report about research into smiling.Look for the claim, the evidence, the reasoning.(Hint: ideas will not be presented in that order.)http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/video/smiling-proven-make-us-happier-14822785
Video Activity
Claim:Evidence:Reasoning:
Card Activity
Read your cards and decide which of the four groups they go in-questionclaimevidencereasoning
Claims- Evidence- Reasoning
Claim-Answer to the question!Usually a statementEvidence-ObservationsFactsData from experimentQuotesStatisticsFactsReasoning-Logic that tiesevidence to the claim.Detailedexplanation for why the evidence led you to make the claim.Deepexplanation of the science conceptsor scientific principals

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