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Chapter 12 – Program Basics_ Goals, Setting up, Materials ...

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Creative Activities and Curriculum for Young Children
By MaryMayesky
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Slides Prepared by Jennifer Johnson
Chapter 12Program Basics: Goals, Setting Up, Materials, and Strategies
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Basic Goals of the Early Childhood Art Program
National StandardsDance, music, theater, and visual artsDeveloped as guide/resource to states and school districtsDescribe sequential education in the artsK-4, 5-8 and 9-12
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Basic Goals of the Early Childhood Art Program
Process not productNeeds of childrenOriginality and independenceCreative thinkingIndividualized progress
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Basic Set Upfor Art Activities
General considerationsEase of dispensing and cleanup of materialsSafe storage of materialsDrying spaceSet up for daily activitiesSet up for weekly activities
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Planning ArtActivities for Toddlers
Well-defined areasSturdy materialsLimited choicesArt near running waterArt away from traffic
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Limited attention spanAlternative activitiesClose supervisionBasic art materials
Basic art activitiesCollagePaintingPrintingCrayonsRubbings and resist
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Planning Art Activities for Young Preschoolers
Planning Art Activities for Older Preschoolers and Kindergartners
Ages 4-6 yearsImproved small muscle developmentInterested in life beyond home and schoolArt activities with more purposeWider variety of art materialsWider variety of art activities
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Adapting Art Activities for Children with Special Needs
Developmental delays and physical impairmentsOpen-ended activitiesDemonstrationTask breakdownHand-over-hand assistance
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Adapting Program Basics for Children with Special Needs
Visual impairmentsOffer verbal descriptionsProvide bright, even lightingReduce glare with dull finishesReduce glare with pastel paperUse high-contrast materialsUse markers or crayons instead of paintAdd thickener and fragrances to paint
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Adapting Program Basics for Children with Special Needs
ADHD and behavioral issuesPlan freeform art activitiesUse a timer to signal transitionsGive clear expectationsAllow the child to stand or lie on the floorProvide choices and an adequate work areaAllow the child to run errandsEstablish quiet zones
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Basic Equipment, Materials, and Use
Drawing materials: Paper, crayons, markers, chalkChalking materials: Blackboard, chalkPainting materials: Paint sets, tempera, finger paints, brushes, paperPasting materials: Paste, glue sticks, paper, scissorsClay, play dough, modeling accessoriesWoodworking: Space and equipment
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Safety
Potentially unsafe materialsPowdered clayPaints requiring solventsDyes with chemical additivesPermanent markersInstant papier-mâchéEpoxy, instant glues, rubber cementAerosol spray paints
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.
Safety
Teacher’s responsibilities:Read labelsCheck for age appropriatenessCheck for ventilation requirementsDo not eat or drink while using materialsDo not transfer materials to other containersKnow your studentsBe aware of students’ allergiesBe aware of students’ habits
©2015 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.

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Chapter 12 – Program Basics_ Goals, Setting up, Materials ...