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Intro to the Divided Kingdom - Navarre Church of Christ

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Intro to the Divided Kingdom
Introducing Israel’s kings
The name of the king and the name of his fatherDating the king’s coronation in terms of the reigning king in JudahThe name of the capital cityThe length of the reignA characterization of the reign of the king.
Introducing the Judean kings
The name of the king and his fatherThe date of the king’s coronation in terms of the reigning Israeli kingThe age at which the king came to the throne and the length of his reignThe name of the queen motherA comparison of the king’s reign with that of David
Trouble with Chronology
“Read all the books of the Old Testament, and you will find such discord as to the number of the years of the kings of Judah and Israel, that to attempt to clear up this question will appear rather the occupation of a man of leisure than of a scholar.”---- Jerome, 4thcentury A.D.
Three Chronological Procedures
Each kingdom used a different calendarEach counted the years a king reigned differently.
Accession vs. Non-Accession
Non-Accession counting: immediately began counting. The first partial year was the first year of the king.Accession counting: did not begin counting until the beginning of the next calendar year.
Three Chronological Procedures
Each kingdom used a different calendarEach counted the years a king reigned differentlyEach used its own system in referring to the other country’s kings.
Overlapping Reigns (Co-regencies)
TibniandOmriin Israel (1 Kings 16:21)MenahemandPekah(Hosea 5:5)Jehoashand Jeroboam 2 (2 Kings 13:10,14:23)AmaziahandAzariah(Uzziah)JothamandAzariah(2 Kings 15:5)Jehoramand Jehoshaphat (2 Kings 8:16)Jehoshaphat andAsa(2 Chron. 16:12)Manasseh and Hezekiah (2 Kings 20:1,6)
Dynasties
In Israel, at least 8 different dynasties.In Judah, only one, despite lasting an extra 150 years.2 Samuel 7. God keeps His word.

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Intro to the Divided Kingdom - Navarre Church of Christ