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Auditorium_Galatians_Class4

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Paul’s Epistles To The Churches & Saints In
Galatia
Ephesus
Philippi
Colossae
4
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
OutlineSalutation & Opening Concern 1:1-10Paul defends his apostleship 1:11 – 2:21Spiritual blessings based on God’s promises, not works of law3:1 – 4:31How one lives if he is “free in Christ”5:1 – 6:18
APPLICATION SECTION
REVIEW
DOCTRINAL SECTION
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Additional Information Re: OutlinePROPOSITION 1 Paul’s message came from God…it did not come from men 1:11PROPOSITION 2 Justification is by faith, not works of law2:16PROPOSITION 3 One can’t walk in the Spirit if he doesn’t live by the Spirit5:1, 16-18
REVIEW
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Lesson 4 –Galatians 3Before proving his 2nd Proposition, Paul seems to chastise the Galatian saints(similar to1:6)He asks 5 rhetorical questionsvv. 1-5“O Galatians, who has bewitched you?”v. 1“Did the Spirit come via law or faith?”v. 2“A Spirit beginning…a fleshly finish?”v. 3“Were your hardships in vain?”v. 4“Does God work among you via works of the Law, or by hearing of faith?”v. 5
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Lesson 4 –Galatians 3Spiritual Blessings: Law or Faith?3:1 – 4:312nd Proposition2:16“Justification not through law, but through faith.”Proof StatementsAbraham offered as a “case study”vv. 6-9Law only justifies the perfect do-ervv. 10-14A covenant was already in forcevv. 15-18
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Lesson 4 –Galatians 3Spiritual Blessings: Law or Faith?3:1 – 4:312nd Proposition2:16“Justification not through law, but through faith.”Proof StatementsAbraham offered as a “case study”vv. 6-9Faith “reckoned”(counted)as righteousnessSaints are his children if we share his faithNot a “1-time experience of faith”
Why important to use him?Mt 3:7-9
Gen 15:6
Gen 17:1-27 Rom 4:1-22
Gen 22:1-14 Jas 2:21-23
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Lesson 4 –Galatians 3Spiritual Blessings: Law or Faith?3:1 – 4:312nd Proposition2:16“Justification not through law, but through faith.”Proof StatementsLaw only justifies the perfect do-ervv. 10-14Seeking justification on this basis actually brings a curse, not a blessingv. 10bAlso foretold by prophecyHab 2:4Law & Faith are opposite “systems”Christ redeemed us from this “curse”
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Lesson 4 –Galatians 3Spiritual Blessings: Law or Faith?3:1 – 4:312nd Proposition2:16“Justification not through law, but through faith.”Proof StatementsA covenant was already in forcevv. 15-18Mosaic Law cameafterGod’s promises re: salvation to all mankindGod’s words to Abraham were already a “ratified covenant”…the Law didn’t set it asideHeb 6:13-20
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Lesson 4 –Galatians 3After proving the 2nd Proposition, Paul asks and answers an anticipated Jewish objection“Why the Law then?”v. 19aThe Law’s 2 main purposesvv. 19b-25It was added because of sinvv. 19b-22It was to make sin obvious, exceedingly sinfulRom 7:7-13Duration“…until the Seed should come”Yet, it did not prove contrary to God’s original promises to Abraham
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Lesson 4 –Galatians 3After proving the 2nd Proposition, Paul asks and answers an anticipated Jewish objection“Why the Law then?”v. 19aThe Law’s 2 main purposesvv. 19b-25It was our schoolmaster(tutor)vv. 23-25It was to lead us to ChristGreek word for “tutor” =Paidagōgos
Paidagōgos
Among the Greeks & Romans, he was a trustworthy slave who was charged with the duty of supervising the lives & morals of boys belonging to upper class families. He was a strict enforcer of the rules re: morality & conduct.The boys weren’t allowed so much as to step outside the home without him before the age of manhood. He would also accompany them to & from school to be taught by the teacher.He would be such a “guide” until the boys obtained their freedom (legal age manhood).– Thayer, p. 472
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Lesson 4 –Galatians 3After proving the 2nd Proposition, Paul asks and answers an anticipated Jewish objection“Why the Law then?”v. 19aThe Law’s 2 main purposesvv. 19b-25It was our schoolmaster(tutor)vv. 23-25It was to lead us to ChristGreek word for “tutor” =PaidagōgosOnce faith came(i.e. we became free), there was no longer a need for the tutor
Paul’s Epistle To The Galatians
Lesson 4 –Galatians 3Paul makes final observations re: Abraham’s childrenvv. 26-29***NOTE: connection back tov. 7***We are such “by faith in Christ Jesus”v. 26Accomplished at N.T. water baptismv. 27Personal particulars no longer matterv. 28(blow to Judaizing argument)If we belong to Christ, then are we Abraham’s seed, heirs according to the promisev. 29 Gen 12:3

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