Facts and Figures Report2017
Historical trade mark and design filings(direct and international)
TrademarksIn 2000 the dot.com bubble caused an 30% increase of filings followed by a drop of 16% in 2002.The financial crisis of 2008-2009 had a negative effect on the filings of around -5400 trade marks.Overall, as from 1997, the average increase if filings has been 9,4%DesignsThe first RCDs were filed in 2003. The first international designs were filed in 2008.In 2009, filings dropped by 12%, reflecting the economic crisis.Overall, as from 2003, the average increase in filings hasbeen 7,7% .
Top 10 EUTM-filing countries (2017)
66% of all filings originate from within the EU. The top ten filing countries account for 72% of all EUTM filings.
Top 10 RCD-filing countries (2017)(direct filings only)
70% of all filings originate from within the EU. The top ten filing countries account for 76% of all filings.
EUTM filings by major economic blocks
Between 1996 and 2009, the share of filings from within the EU rose from 58% to 72%. Since then it has dropped slightly, to 66% in 2017. The BRICS countries(Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) currently account for 10% of filings.The share of filings from the USA has decreased over time and currently stands at 11.4%.
EUTM filings from BRICS countries
The increase of filings from the BRICS countries can be attributed to China (including Hong Kong and Macao). In 2015, China was responsible for 3,9% of the total filings and this increased to 9,1% in 2017. The other four BRICS countries still account for a low number of EUTM filings relative to the size of their economies.
Share of EUTM filings from Member States acceding after 2000
Included are: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.Just before the EU enlargement of 1 May 2004, the number of EUTM filings from the acceding countries started to increase. Their share of EUTM filings has risen from less than 1% in 2003 to 10,8% in 2017.
Share inEUTM filingsof the5 biggest EU economies
Included are: France, Germany, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom.Overall, EUTM filings from these five countries are growing. However their share of total filings is dropping, having fallen from 80% in 2002 to below 65% in 2017.
Breakdown of procedural language of EUTM applications (2017)
84% of EUTMs are filed in one of the five official languages of the Office.
Top 10 EUTM and RCD applicants (2017)
The ranking is based on all filings, independent of:the route of filings (national of international);the EUTM or RCD was filed through a representative;the subsidiary or local office of the company that filed the EUTM or RCD.
Top 10 EUTM classes (2016)
The top 4 NICE classes are included in about 1/3 of EUTM filings.Classes 15 (music instruments), 23 (yarns and threads) and 13 (fire arms, fire works) are only used in 0.1% of EUTM filings.
Top 10 RCD classes (2016)
The top 4Eurolocarnoclassesare included in about40%ofRCD filings.Classes 1 (foodstuff), 5 (textilepiecegoods), 20 (sales and advertising), 16 (photograpicetc), 30 (Articles for the care and handling ofanimals) areonly used in 1% of RCD filings.
EUTM filings: evolution in top 10 Nice classes
% change in share of filings of Nice classes 2002-2016
An analysis of all EUTM fillings shows that some classes are more used than before while others have become less popular.The graph shows the five classes that have increased and declined the most since 2002, respectively.Class 35 (advertising, business management, business administration, office functions) had an increase of 2.5% in its share during the period. At the other extreme, the share of Class 16 (paper, cardboard, printings, photographs etc.) decreased by 2.7%.
Share of goods classes in EUTM filings
Since 2007, the ratio between Nice classes related to goods and those related to services has been stable. EUTMs that include one or more of the 34 goods classes amount to 63% of total filings. The 11 service classes account for 37% of all filings.In the year 2000 the share of goods classes had dropped to 57%. This reflects the information technology bubble and the consequent increase in filings in service classes, especially Class 42 (computer hardware and software) and Class 38 (telecommunications).
Top 3 and bottom 3 EUTM classes with relatively most / fewest oppositions (2017)
The graph shows the ratio between the number of oppositions and the number of EUTMs that include that particular class in the original application. Applications that include class 26 are mostly opposed (in about 18% of cases), while only 10% of applications that include classes 7, 42 and 19 are opposed.
The graph shows the opposition rates against published EUTM applications. The opposition rate for direct filings was 14,6% and for international registrations it was 9,4% in 2017.
Oppositions by language (2017)
The vast majority of oppositions are filed in English (83.4%), followed by German (8.6%) and Spanish (3.4%). These percentages have been more or less stable during the past 15 years.
Oppositions by origin of owner / opponent
% of opposition closed by decision, by nationality of opponent
----On average, 33% of oppositions are closed by decision.
Cancellation filings by language (2017)
Cancellation propensity by EUTM class (2017)
The number of cancellations is compared to the number of EUTMs in force for each individual class. The graph shows the 5 classes that receive relatively most cancellations (in blue) and the 5 classes with the fewest cancellations filed against them (in red).
Cancellation filings by EUTM owner country (2017)
EUTM renewal overview (direct filings)
EUTMs can be renewed every 10 years after the initial filing.Of those trade mark applications that were received in 1997and are still in force 10 years later, a total of 62% were renewed (in 2007). In 2017, a total 66% of those EUTMs renewed in 2007 and still in force were renewed for a second time.
RCD renewal overview (direct filings)
RCDs can be renewed 5 years after the initial filing and for successive 5-year periods up to 25 years.Of thosedesignsthat were received in2007andare still in force5years later, a total of48%were renewed (in2012).In 2017, a total59%of those EUTMs renewed in2012and still in force were renewed for a second time.During 2018, 3rdrenewals will arrive of those designs filed in 2003.
Appeals filed by language of proceedings (2017)
Appeals filed by country of appellant
Appeals filed by class (2017)
The classes are included if they were part of the original EUTM / RCD filing, regardless of whether the appealed decision specifically concerns the class in question.
Appeals filed by class in relation to EUTMs filed by class (2017)
The classes are included if they were part of the originalEUTMfiling, regardless of whether the appealed decision specifically concerns the class in question.The comparison is made with EUTM filings received in 2016. This may not necessarily coincide with the EUTM absolute or relative grounds decision being appealed.
General Court cases lodged by language of proceedings(2012 - 2017)