Communication WorkshopFor Research Engineers
Workshop:Simplifythe message…the end
Ian F. C. Smith, EPFLLynne C. Dennis
“I would have written a shorter letter,butI didn’t have time”-Abraham Lincoln
Asummarycanbedefinedas asimplifiedversion of atext,writteninyourownwords.Summarizingisaboutreducingandselectingrelevant information.Doingthiswellindicatesa goodunderstandingof the content.
KeepitshortUseyourownwordsAvoidusingjargon andacronymsPutitinorder…the end
Iwaswearingonlymynew H&M greenshort-sleevedshirtyesterdaywhenIwalkedacrossthe EPFL campus, backfromanearlymorningIMAC lecture, tomy3rdfloorofficethatIsharewithafellowPhDfromSpain.Itbeganrainingheavily,whichsurprisedmebecausethe CNNweatherreportsaidnothingaboutstormsthatmorningandtheyareseldomwrongand in 10 minutes Iwasverywet, cold, andangry,especiallysinceIwasgoingtomeetmynewgirlfriend, Hortense,for lunch .…the end
« Igotwetyesterdayin a surpriserainshower. »…the end
Summary- bysomeonein a rush
«Weatherpredictionmodelaccuracyisstilllow. Igotwet. »…the end
«Weatherpredictiontoolscanbewrong. Igotwet. »…the end
Summary: How ?…the end
Decideforwhomyouaredoingthissummary.In thetitle, state the source andauthor.Selectonepieceofinformation perparagraph, ifitispertinent.Rewrite one sentence perparagraphinyourownwords.Link the sentencesobtainedintoonedocument.Rereadand correct.
UsingthisWikipediaexample,simplifythetextto fit on oneslide.Target one of thefollowingreadertypesGeneralistScientistEngineer
Lausanne(/loʊˈzæn/, French:[lozan],Italian:Losanna,Romansh:Losanna) is a city in theFrench-speaking part of Switzerland, and the capital of thecantonofVaud. The city is situated on the shores ofLake Geneva(French:LacLéman, or simplyLeLéman).It faces the French town ofÉvian-les-Bains, with theJura mountainsto its north-west. Lausanne is located 62kilometres(38.5 miles) northeast ofGeneva.Lausanne has a population (as of December 2013) of 139,390,making it the fourth largest city in Switzerland, with the entire agglomeration area having 402,900 inhabitants (as of December 2014).Themetropolitan areaof Lausanne-Geneva (includingVevey-Montreux,Yverdon-les-Bains, and foreign parts) was over 1.2 million inhabitants in 2000.Lausanne is a focus of internationalsport, hosting theInternational Olympic Committee(which recognizes the city as the "Olympic Capital" since 1994),theCourt of Arbitration for Sportand some 55 international sport associations.It lies in a noted wine-growing region. The city has a28-station metro system, making it the smallest city in the world to have arapid transit system.HistoryTheRomansbuilt a military camp, which they calledLousanna, at the site of aCelticsettlement, near the lake where currentlyVidyandOuchyare situated; on the hill above was a fort called 'Lausodunon' or 'Lousodunon' (The 'y' suffix is common to many place names of Roman origin in the region (e.g.)Prilly,Pully,Lutry, etc.).By the 2nd century AD it was known asvikanor[um]Lousonnensiumand in 280 aslacuLausonio. By 400 it wascivitasLausannaand in 990 it was mentionedasLosanna.Saint-François square, c. 1840After the fall of theRoman Empire, insecurity forced the transfer of Lausanne to its current centre, a hilly, easier to defend site. The city which emerged from the camp was ruled by theDukes of Savoyand theBishop of Lausanne. Then it came underBernfrom1536 to 1798 and a number of its cultural treasures, including the hanging tapestries in the Cathedral, were permanently removed. Lausanne has made a number of requests to recover them.After the revocation of theEdict of Nantesin 1685, Lausanne became (along with Geneva) a place of refuge forFrenchHuguenots. In 1729 a seminary was opened byAntoine CourtandBenjaminDuplan. By 1750 ninety pastors had been sent back to France to work clandestinely; this number would rise to four hundred. Official persecution ended in 1787; a faculty of Protestant theology was established atMontaubanin 1808, and the Lausanne seminary was finally closed on 18 April 1812.During theNapoleonic Wars, the city's status changed. In 1803, it became the capital of a newly formed Swiss canton,Vaudunderwhich it joined theSwiss Federation.Modern historyIn 1964 the city hosted the 'Swiss National Exhibition',displaying its newly found confidence to host major international events. From the 1950s to 1970s a large number ofItalians,SpaniardsandPortugueseimmigrated, settling mostly in the industrial district ofRenensand transforming the local diet.The city has been traditionally quiet but in the late 1960s and early 1970s there were a series of mainly youth demonstrations confronted by the police. The next vigorous demonstrations took place to protest against the high cinema prices and since then the city returned to its old very sleepy self, until the protest against theG8meetings in 2003.GeographyThe Charles-BessièresbridgewithLausanneMetrocar. In thebackgroundthecathedral of Notre-Dameandtheoldtown.The most important geographical feature of the area surrounding Lausanne is Lake Geneva (LacLémanin French). Lausanne is built on the southern slope oftheSwissplateau, with a difference in elevation of about 500metres(1,640 ft) between the lakeshore at Ouchy and its northern edge borderingLe Mont-sur-LausanneandÉpalinges. Lausanne boasts a dramatic panorama over the lake and theAlps.In addition to its generally southward-sloping layout, the centre of the city is the site of an ancient river, theFlon, which has been covered since the 19th century. The former river forms a gorge running through the middle of the city south of the old city centre, generally following the course of the presentRueCentrale, with several bridges crossing the depression to connect the adjacentneighbourhoods. Due to the considerable differences in elevation, visitors should make a note as to which plane of elevation they are on and where they want to go, otherwise they will find themselves tens ofmetresbelow or above the street which they are trying to negotiate. The nameFlonis also used forthemetrostation located in the gorge.The municipality includes the villages ofVidy,Cour,Ouchy,Mornex,Chailly, LaSallaz,Vennes,Montblesson,Vers-chez-les-Blanc,Montheronand Chalet-à-Gobet(871 m (2,858 ft)) as well as theexclaveofVernand.Lausanne is located at the limit between the extensivewine-growing regions ofLavaux(to the east) andla Côte(to the west).Lausanne has an area, as of 2009, of 41.38–41.33 square kilometers (15.98–15.96 sq mi) (depending on calculation method). Of this area, 6.64 km2(2.56 sq mi) or 16.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 16.18 km2(6.25 sq mi) or 39.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 18.45 km2(7.12 sq mi) or 44.6% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.05 km2(12 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01 km2(2.5 acres) or 0.0% is unproductive land.Of the built-up area, industrial buildings made up 1.6% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 21.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 12.5%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.4% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 7.5%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 11.1% is used for growing crops and 4.2% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is in lakes.The municipality was part of the oldLausanne Districtuntil it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and it became the capital of the new district of Lausanne.