Day 36: The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic
Baltimore Polytechnic InstituteOctober 25, 2011A.P. U.S. HistoryMr. Green
PresidentialChartsCollect Homework Essay
Objective: Students will:Evaluate to what extent Jefferson contradicted himself once he became the President of the U.S.Explain how Jefferson’s idealistic Revolution of 1800 proved to be more moderate and practical once he began exercising presidential power.Describe the conflicts between Federalists and Republicans over the judiciary and how John Marshall turned the Supreme Court into a bastion of conservative, federalist power to balance the rise of Jeffersonian democracy
The New Government
1. Lewis and Clark's expedition through the Louisiana Purchase territory yielded all of the followingexcepta) a rich harvest of scientific observations.b) treaties with several Indian nations.c) geographical knowledge of the previously unknown region.d) a plausible American claim to the Oregon region.e) opening of the West to future exploration and trade.2. After killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel, Aaron Burra) fled to France.b) fled to England.c) was arrested and found guilty of murder.d) was arrested and found innocent of murder.e) plotted to divide the United States.3. By 1810, the most insistent demand for a declaration of war against Britain came froma) New England merchants.b) the West and South.c) Federalists.d) the middle Atlantic states.e) southern states.4. The war hawks demanded war with Britain because they wanted to do all of the followingexcepta) wipe out renewed Indian resistance.b) defend American rights.c) gain more territory.d) retaliate for the British burning of Washington, D.C.e) revenge the manhandling of American sailors.5. Federalists opposed the acquisition of Canada becausea) there were too many French there.b) Canadian business would prove too competitive.c) it was too agrarian and would give more votes to the Democratic-Republicans.d) they believed that the Canadians could never become Americanized.e) too many Indians lived there.
Outcomes of the Louisiana PurchaseIdeal of great agrarian republicPrecedents for future expansionacquisition of foreign territoryacquisition of foreign peoplesincorporation into the Union on an equal basisNapoleonic Code still utilized in Louisiana as its legal system
Louisiana in the Long View
Corps of Discoveryscientific observationsknowledge of the IndiansmapsAaron Burr ConspiraciesAttempted to plot the secession of New EnglandHamilton exposed the conspiracy and Burr challenged him to a duelBurr tried to secede the western territories but that was exposed.
Lewis and Clark
Despite his intentions, Jefferson became deeply entangled in the foreign-policy conflicts of the Napoleonic era, leading to a highly unpopular and failed embargo that revived the moribund Federalist Party.ImpressmentChesapeake AffairEmbargo Act-forbade the export of all goods from the United StatesIllicit trade ballooned and Jefferson convinced Congress to pass enforcement legislationNon-intercourse Act-trade with all but Britain and France
A Precarious Neutrality
The U.S. Congress would restore its embargo against France or Britain, whoever did not repeal its commercial restrictions.Napoleon played on the same promise with BritainNapoleon wanted the US to keep its embargo against Britain-Why?Madison thought the British would repeal their Ordersin Councilrather than see the US trade with France
Macon’s Bill No. 2
War Hawks in Congress-late 1811Many from the South and WestUpset with:ImpressmentsBritish Orders in CouncilIndian threat to pioneer settlersTecumseh &Tenskwatawanever to cede land to whites unless all Indians agreedScalp buyers in Canada nourishing Indians’ growing strengthFall 1811-Battle of TippecanoeWilliam Henry Harrison marched to Tecumseh’s headquarters and were soundly beaten
Native American Unrest
British arming of hostile IndiansWhoops of the war hawksOn to CanadaMadison turned to war to restore confidence in the republican experiment-Why?June 1, 1812-Madison asks for warSplit in the votingHouse:79-49 for warSenate: 19-13 for warExplain why New England opposed the war for a free sea?
Mr. Madison’s War
There is time to complete the presidential election charts, and begin work on the decades chart for the 1800’s.
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