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Health and Safety_ Hazards - Iowa State University

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Health and Safety
Hazards During Deployment
Adapted from the FADPReP/NAHEMSGuidelines: Health and Safety (2011)
Extended andunusual shiftsFatigue, stress,reduced concentrationKnow your limitsManage workand restperiods
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Work Settings/Shifts
PhysicalHazards
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Animal related incidentsInjuries, zoonosesInsects and wild animalsMusculoskeletal injuriesStrains, sprains,ergonomic injuryBack injuriesSlips, trips and fallsSharps
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Physical Hazards
InjuriesKicks, crushing,Bites, scratchesZoonosesPreventionRemain alertProper restraintAvoidance
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Animal Encounters
Dog bites a threatPreventionAsk if dogs are presentDo not enterpremises aloneIf threatened,back away slowlyIf knocked down,curl into ball and protect faceSeek medical attention if bitten
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Dogs
Learn which animals may be presentInspect area before workWatch for wild animalsBehavior unpredictableAssume wild animals are rabidAssume all snakes are poisonousSeek medical attention if bitten
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Wildlife
Bites and stingsVector-borne diseasesPreventionRepellants with DEETor PicaridinWear long sleevesand long pantsTuck pants into bootsSeek medical attention, if necessary
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Insects
Strains, sprainsErgonomic injuryAwkward posturesHighly repetitive motionsHigh hand forceHeavy, frequent,or awkward lifting
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Musculoskeletal
Assess objectGet assistance if neededLifting techniqueBend at kneesGrasp object firmlyLift using legsKeep back straightand uprightPivot, if turning – do not twist
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Safe Lifting
CausesUneven, wet, or icy surfacesLimited motion or visionPreventionAdequate lighting in work areasMark hazardous areasClean up cluttered walkwaysClean up spills as quickly as possible
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Slips, Trips and Falls
Needlesticks commonPreventionDo not recap needlesDirectly dispose of needlesinto rigid containersAccount for sharpsbefore and after use
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Sharps
EnvironmentalHazards
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Temperature/WeatherHeat and coldNoiseAnimal vocalization, power tools,heavy equipmentElectrical ShockChemical ExposureAnimal waste gases, carbon monoxide, disinfectants
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Environmental Hazards
Hazardous at 85dBAfor 8 hoursConversationdifficult at 3 feetPreventionHearing protectionHearingConservation Program
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Noise
ExamplesHeat crampsHeat exhaustionHeat stroke (life-threatening)PreventionMonitor yourself and others for signsTake breaks and seek shadeUse cooling fans/air conditioningKeep hydrated, avoid caffeine/alcohol
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Heat-Related Illnesses
HypothermiaExtreme loss of body heatNumbness, lethargy, behavior changesFrostbiteSkin and tissues freezePreventionDress appropriately for cold weatherStay dry and avoid overexertionWarm individual, seek medical attention
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Cold Stress
Power equipment, power cords, downed power linesPreventionAssume all power lines areenergizedInspect cords/cables for damageDo not use damaged cords/cablesUse caution when working in wet areasObserve area for downed power lines
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Electrical Shock
PsychologicalHazards
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Recognize the signsPhysicalNausea, dizziness, headachesCognitiveDisorientation, memoryEmotionalAnxiety, guilt, grief, irritabilityBehavioralAnger, withdrawal, depression, drug or alcohol abuse
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Stress
Ways to reduce stressMonitor self and others for signs of stressTake frequent breaksAccept what cannot changeMaintain scheduleas much as possibleCommunicate with loved onesEmployee Assistance Program
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Dealing with Stress
FADPReP/NAHEMS Guidelines & SOP: Health & Safety (2011)http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/emergency_management/Health and Safety web-based training modulehttp://naherc.sws.iastate.edu/
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
For More Information
Author (CFSPH)CherylL. Eia, JD, DVM, MPHReviewers(USDA)LoriP. Miller,PEPeterA.Petch, RPIH, CIPS, CIMT,CHS-VThomasR. Walker, MD
USDA APHIS and CFSPH
FAD PReP/NAHEMS Guidelines: Health and Safety - Hazards
Guidelines Content
Acknowledgments
Development of this presentation was by the Center for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University through funding fromtheUSDA APHISVeterinaryServices
PPT Authors: Dawn Bailey, BS; KerryLeedomLarson, DVM, MPH, PhD, DACVPM;PatriciaFutoma, Veterinary StudentReviewers:Glenda Dvorak, DVM, MPH,DACVPM; JaniceMogan, DVM

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Health and Safety_ Hazards - Iowa State University