Working Group 2:Emergency Alerting PlatformsStatus Update
June 22, 2016DrFarrokh Khatibi, Co-Chair (Qualcomm)MrFrancisco Sánchez, Jr., Co-Chair (Harris County, Texas)
Working Group Description:WG2 will provide recommendations to encourage local and state use of alerts across multiple platforms, examine technology opportunities to overcome barriers, identify paths for people to push information to officials and seek ways to improve public safety outcomes.WG2is reviewingcurrent Wireless Emergency Alert (WEA) security practices and recommend actions, including development of best practices. The review will cover end-to-end security aspects of WEA including the integrity of the C-interface, insuring the integrity of the WEA message as it transverses across the carrier networks and security of message data on handsets. Consideration will be given to new technologies and cyber risks to WEA.
Deliverables:Working groups are engaged in drafting recommendations to the Federal Communications Commission in the following areas:Geo-targetingMass notification systemsSocial mediaMany-to-oneFinal AlertingReportto be submitted September 2016.Final WEA Security Report was approvedin the March 2016 CSRIC V Councilmeeting.
WG2 Subworking Group - Alerting
Study AreasMultiplealerting aspects to be studied relating to:Geo-targetingMass notification systemsSocial mediaMany-to-oneIdentify technical barriers and solutionsIdentify areas where additional study is neededBest practicesIMPROVE PUBLIC SAFETY OUTCOMES
WG2 Subworking Group - Alerting
Primary Recommendation AreasPromoting WEA UsageGeo-targetingDevice based solutionsDefine “best approximate”Many-to-OneSituational awarenessCommunity participationComplementary Alert StrategiesSocial Media
Geotargeting Workgroup:The group is working through issues related to:“Best Approximate” Geotargetingcompares the AO requested alert area to cell broadcast area.Geotargeting Resolution:The majority of public safety officials(ad hoc survey) wantgeotargeting granularity ranging from 1 block to.5 miles,but could live with granularity from.25 milesto1.5 miles.Device Assisted Geotargetinghas the potential to provide greater accuracy and granularity.Initial report draft has been completed. Editing in progress.
“Many-to-One” Workgroup:The “Many-to-One” workgroup has completed an initial draft and is soliciting feedback from it’s group membership. The initial recommendations are:Askthe Alliance for Telecommunication Industry Solutions (ATIS) to comprehensively scope out requirements and identify potential solutions– ATIS should convene a group of stakeholders (including the emergency management community) and compile a comprehensive set of requirements and technicalsolutions.FEMAShould Evaluate The Need for IPAWS Changes to Support “Many to One” Communication –The wireless industry will serve as the mechanism for data transmission but not for data aggregation. As such, FEMA should evaluate what changes would be needed to IPAWS to support data collection and aggregation ascontemplated.
Complementary Alert Strategies Workgroup:The ComplementaryAlert Strategy group has developed a series of lists includingpotentialcomplementary alertingchannelsbenefitsto leveraging EAS andWEAexamplesof leverage, and (d) concerns/considerations.Theselists have helped begin to develop a list of recommendations for maximizing leverage. Thus far, these recommendations have centered around use of IPAWS to expand complementary alerting channels in a cohesive manner that mitigates identified concerns.
Social Media:A first draft has been completed and is being reviewed by group membership.Sub-groupmembers:agreethat social media is already used as a complementary tool by many alert originators and that its role as an alerting platform could be further refined through better integration into alerting procedures and possibly technical integration with other alerting tools.identified contingenciesthat impact an alert originators effective use of social media for alerting. We are therefore focusing our recommendations on assuring alert originators have the ability to create flexible policies appropriate to their needs.
Alerting Subworking GroupsNext Steps
Each focus area group is working to complete text and recommendations for the final reportDraft report in progress; completion by mid-summerFinal document ready for review bylate-summerDue to CSRIC – September 2016
It is WG2’s recommendation that the FCC collaborate with industry, FEMA, DHS, and the Alert Originators to continue the study of the security aspects of WEA, with a goal of encouraging ATIS to develop a Best Practices document. The development of such a best practices document will require extensive work of more than a year, which would extend beyond the current CSRIC charter. WG2 Recommends that the FCC should consider asking any subsequent CSRIC to continue the study of WEA security based on this work.
A new Issue Statement (work item description) has been approved in ATIS WTSC Committee on “Wireless Emergency Alert (WEA) End-to-End Security Best Practices”. The Issue Statement is co-sourced by AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, FEMA IPAWS, and DHS, S&T/FRG, and Qualcomm.The targeted resolution date is 1Q2017.Skeleton baseline has been drafted, and contributions are forthcoming.