HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE“The Language of Our Lives”
INTRODUCTION TOUNIT 1
A few things to know…
AD – means “anno Domini,” Latin for ‘in the year of our Lord.’BC – before ChristMedieval is not really pronounced or spelled “mid-evil.” It is a Latin term that refers to the Middle Ages.
When did English begin?
English started in the 5thcentury AD.3 Germanic tribes invaded EnglandAnglesSaxonsJutesAt the time, people in Britain spoke a Celtic languageThe Celtic speakers were pushed into Scotland and Ireland during the Germanic invasion
Old English: (450-1100 AD)
The language of the Germanic tribes developed into what we call Old EnglishNearly impossible for modern readers to understandThis is NOT the language Shakespeare used, so don’tever say,“I can’t understand Shakespeare because it’s inOld English.”H:\The Lords Prayer in Old English from the 11th century - YouTube2.flv
William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy (from northern France) invaded Britain and won.For a while, upper classes spoke French; lower classes spoke English.By the 14thcentury (1300s), English became the dominant language again, but it was mixed with French words.This language was called Middle EnglishStill hard for modern readers to understand; still not “Shakespeare’s language.”
Modern English (1500-1800)
The Great Vowel Shift took placeVowel pronunciation became shorter and shorter over time.Britain came into contact with other cultures/languages.The Renaissance led to more widespread education.Printing was invented, so people had more access to a common language.Spelling & grammar became “fixed.”1604- The first English dictionary is published.
Late Modern English (1800-Present)
What we speak nowInspired by Industrial Revolution and technologyChanged significantly as a result of English territory covering ¼ of the earth’s surface by this periodhttp://youtu.be/3IGJUCW31-Q
Which three Germanic tribes invaded England in 5 AD?What does AD stand for?What country was Williamthe Conquerorfrom?