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Grammar_Writing Mini lessons - Central Bucks School District

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Grammar/WritingMini lessons
8thGrade English – Literary Analysis

Literary Present TenseWhen we write about a work of literature, we use the present tense of the verb. It is a “current” work, not something confined to the past.For Example:When Johnnydies, heleavesPonyboywith a sense of hope for the future.NOT—When Johnnydied, heleftPonyboywith a sense of hope for the future.
Your turn
The Outsiders(is/was) a work of literature that (portrays/portrayed) the difficulty of growing up in a gang environment.
Author
Author NameThefirsttime you mention the author (in theintroduction), you will use the author’sfull name, first and last. After that, you refer to the author only by last name. Do not use a title such as Mr., Mrs., Dr., etc.For Example:Hinton likes to have the boys rough house to show their competitive nature and playfulness.NOT- Susie or Ms. Hinton likes to have…
Your Turn
Look at this sentence. Not from an introduction paragraph…Once (GordonKorman/Mr.Korman/Korman) establishes his humor, he adds comic relief throughout the novel.
November 12, 2014
In-text CitationWhen you use the exact words of the author (not an example but a direct quote from the book), you must putthose wordsin quotation marks and give credit to the source.After the end quote, put thepage #in parentheses, and then the period. Use only the numeral, no # or p. or pg. There is no need to put Hinton (the author’s last name) in the parentheses when the paper is only analyzing one work and no other sources are being utilized. Hinton is implied.
Examples/Nonexamples
Correct:
“I figured Southern gentleman had nothing on Johnny Cade” (120).
Incorrect:
“I figured Southern gentleman had nothing on Johnny Cade.” (Hinton, pg. 120).
Your Turn
This is a direct quote from page 16Darrydidn't deserve to work like an old man when he was only twenty.Punctuate it properly as if you were citing it in your essay.
answer
“Darrydidn't deserve to work like an old man when he was onlytwenty” (16).
Quotation marksOnly page number inside parenthesesPeriod OUTSIDE end parenthesis
Citing Quoted material
The quote inside a quoteThis is handled the same way, except words already inside quotation marks must be put in single quotes, and the whole quote from the book placed in double quotes.
It will look like this …“‘ ----------------’” (160).
Examples
“‘I was crazy, you know that, kid? Crazy forwantin’ Johnny to stay out of trouble, for notwantin’ him to get hard…’” (147).“‘What’d he want?’ Two-Bit asked. ‘What’d Mr. Super-Sochave to say?’” (118).
Your Turn
From page 78Johnny shrugged. “Yeah,” he said with a sigh. “I guess we’re different.”
Punctuate it properly as if you were citing it in your essay.
Answer
“Johnnyshrugged.‘Yeah,’he said with a sigh.‘Iguess we’redifferent’” (78).
reminder
This is for quotes ONLY!You do not need a citation for examples, such as…Dally robs a grocery and pulls a gun on the police.
Skipthis slide!
Fragments and Run-onsFragments-:A fragment is not a complete thought.Itmay bemissing a subject or a verb. It is always missing a complete thought!Your turn - page 44Run-ons:A run-on sentence occurs when two or more sentences are written as one.Your turn - page 46 #1-8 only

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Grammar_Writing Mini lessons - Central Bucks School District