Social Learning theory
All 3 play an important role in the learning process. They are constantly influencing each otherEnvironmental factors would includeSocial aspects- peers, family andteachers andPhysicalfactors -the layout or size of the class room or the temperature of theroom
Implications for teaching
Social learning theory has numerous implications for classroomuse.Thetheory revolves around the notion thatlearning correlatesto the observation of role models. In education, for example, teachers play the role of a model in a child’s learning acquisition.Students oftenlearn a greatdeal simply byobservingother people.Describingtheconsequencesof behavior can effectively increase the appropriate behaviors anddecrease inappropriateones. Discussing with learners about the rewards and consequences of various behaviors.Teachers and parents mustmodel appropriate behaviorsand take care that they do not modelinappropriate behaviors.Effective modelling teaches general rules and strategies for dealing with different situations.Teachers should model thebehaviorsand cognitive processes they want students to learn. Effective instruction, moreover, should include multiple types of models (e.g., teacher, peers, parents) and various forms ofmodeling(e.g. cognitive, verbal, mastery, coping).goal setting is another central process within SCT (Bandura, 1986;Schunk, 1990). Goals reflect cognitive representations of anticipated, desired, or preferred outcomes. Hence, goals exemplify the agency view within SCT that people not only learn, they use forethought to envision the future, identify desired outcomes, and generate plans of actionIn practice this theory will involve:children working together on collaborative tasksthe less able working with more able childrenteacher demonstrationspeer support
What is effective modeling?
Four conditionsare necessaryfor effective modeling to occurAttention: the person must firstpay attentionto the model.Retention: the observer must be able torememberthe behavior that has been observed. One way of increasing this is using the technique of rehearsal.Motor reproduction: the third condition is theability to replicatethe behavior that the model has just demonstrated.Motivation: the final condition for modeling to occur ismotivation, learners must wantto demonstratewhat they have learned.
Bandura, A. (1971)Social learning theory.General Learning Press.Bandura, A. (1986)Social foundations of thought and action: A social-cognitive theory.Englewood Cliffs,NJ:Prentice Hall.Pritchard, A. andWoollard, J.( 2010)Psychology for the classroom: constructivism and social learning.London:Routledge.Schunk, D. (1990) Goalsetting and self-efficacy during self-regulated learning.EducationalPsychologist.25, 71–86.