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A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Hebrews 7
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Who is this mysterious Melchizedek?
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Who is this mysterious Melchizedek?He was seen as an important but puzzling character from the ancient pastLittle is actually known about himIn fact, everything we know about him is found in three short sections of Scripture: Genesis 14, Psalm 110, and Hebrews 7
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Illustration of RembrandtIn the 17thcentury, the Dutch artist Rembrandt painted two portraits of a famous Roman heroine named LucretiaOne portrait was painted in 1664Two years later, he painted the second portrait of Lucretia in a different pose
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Illustration of RembrandtFor over 300 years, the two paintings were never seen togetherDifferent private collectors owned one or the other of the two paintingsThey were two paintings of the same person, painted by the same master
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Illustration of RembrandtNo one was aware of their connection … until 1991At last, the two paintings were displayed side by side where they could be compared
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
In a similar way,the portraits of Melchizedek and Jesus Christhave never been compareduntil the 7thchapter of Hebrews
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Hebrews 7 paints a portraitof Melchizedek placed side-by-sidewith that of Jesus Christ
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextHebrews 7 contains the most information about Melchizedek in the entire BibleMelchizedek first shows up in our Bible in Genesis, only 14 chapters into the BibleGenesis 12 contains God’s call of Abram and God’s promise to make Abram into a great nation and bless him. (Genesis 12:2)
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextGenesis 13 includes the story of Abram and his nephew Lot agreeing to separate and occupy different territoriesIn the beginning of Genesis 14, there is the report of a war among several kingsCaught up in the spoils of war, Lot was carried off by the victors…an apparent victim of circumstances
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextIn the middle of Genesis 14, Abram learns of his nephew’s predicament, takes a contingent of 318 soldiers, routes Lot’s captors and liberates Lot, his possessions, and all the people with himIt is after Abram’s return from victory that this story unfolds with Melchizedek
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextEven though it is contained in just three verses, it was a significant encounter for Abram, primarily because Abram acknowledged God’s blessings in his life:He chose the blessings of the priest over the spoils of war offered by the other kingsHe credited God for the victory won in that recent battleHe tithed, giving an offering in worship to “God Most High”
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextThis is the end of the accountNo more details about Melchizedek are found in Genesis, or other ancient history booksAside from the passages in Hebrews, the only other place that mentions Melchizedek in the Bible is Psalm 110
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextPsalm 110Messianic psalm, prophesy of a saviorOne who sits at the right hand of God the FatherWith enemies a footstool for His feetHolding a mighty scepter of powerThe supreme rulerArrayed in holy majestyThe supreme judge
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextAnd the Psalm describes the Messiah as a “priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek”
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextAnd the Psalm describes the Messiah as a “priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek”Sound familiar?
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextAnd the Psalm describes the Messiah as a “priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek”Sound familiar?Hebrews 6 ends with “having become a High Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek”
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextAnd Jesus applied the language of Psalm 110 in describing Himself in Matthew 22:42: “The Lord said to my Lord, sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.”The duplication of this specific language in multiple places reminds us that none of this is about Melchizedek
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
ContextAnd Jesus applied the language of Psalm 110 in describing Himself in Matthew 22:42: “The Lord said to my Lord, sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.”The duplication of this specific language is multiple places reminds us that none of this is about MelchizedekThese passages are all about Jesus
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
We are best served to look at Hebrews 7 not so much for the answers to the question “Who is Melchizedek?”
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
We are best served to look at Hebrews 7 not so much for the answers to the question “Who is Melchizedek?”What we are really after are answers to the more profound question “Who is Jesus?”
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
We are best served to look at Hebrews 7 not so much for the answers to the question “Who is Melchizedek?”What we are really after are answers to the more profound question “Who is Jesus?”The author of Hebrews was inspired to lead us to Jesus
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
We are best served to look at Hebrews 7 not so much for the answers to the question “Who is Melchizedek?”What we are really after are answers to the more profound question “Who is Jesus?”The author of Hebrews was inspired to lead us to JesusMelchizedek is being used as an illustration to help us understand more about Jesus
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Melchizedek portrays Jesus Christ in three significant ways in Hebrews 7
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Melchizedek portrays Christ As PriestMelchizedek was a priest of the God Most HighJesus Christ is also a priest of the God Most HighBoth brought out bread and wineJesus came to offer the ultimate sacrifice for our sins – His bloodNow He is interceding for us in the very throne room of GodHe is constantly interceding for our sins every day because of that one sacrificeThere is no reason for other sacrifices – Jesus paid it all
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Melchizedek portrays Christ As PriestBecause of Jesus’ sacrifice, we have become kind of like a man who suffered from a life threatening illness who has to take medicine every day to fight his sicknessBUT THEN, someone comes along with a medicine he only needs to take ONCEAnd he is healed
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Melchizedek portrays Christ As PriestBecause of Jesus’ sacrifice, we have become kind of like a man who suffered from a life threatening illness who has to take medicine every day to fight his sicknessBUT THEN, someone comes along with a medicine he only needs to take ONCEAnd he is healedBut, there is a problem with this scenario
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Melchizedek portrays Christ As PriestJesus was not born of the tribe of Levi – He was from the tribe of JudahThe Law had decreed that you could not be a High Priest if you were not from the tribe of LeviNot even Prophets and Kings could offer sacrifices without incurring the wrath of God
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Melchizedek portrays Christ As PriestThe only way Jesus could become a Priest was if God created another priesthoodAnd that is what God didThe author of Hebrews tells us that God declared His intentions in Psalm 110
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Melchizedek portrays Christ As PriestBut, God went furtherGod took the trouble to prove that Jesus Christ is a legitimate Priest in every wayMelchizedek served as a Priest 400+ years before the Levitical Law was in effect
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Melchizedek portrays Christ As PriestThe Priesthood of Jesus Christ preceded and followed after the Levitical priesthoodThe Priesthood of Jesus Christ is better than the Levitical Priesthood
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
2. Melchizedek Portrays Christ as KingMelchizedek’s name means “king of righteousness”King of Salem means “king of peace”Melchizedek was both a Priest and KingUnder Jewish Law, that was impossible
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
2. Melchizedek Portrays Christ as KingA Priest had to come from the tribe of LeviA King had to come from the tribe of JudahAs a descendant of King David, who was from the tribe of Judah, Jesus had full credentials to be a King – but, this lineage is only part of the story
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
2. Melchizedek Portrays Christ as KingJesus right to rule also came from the line of Melchizedek who was the King of SalemSalem is a derivative of the word “Shalom” which means peace, so this give Melchizedek the title “King of Peace”Isaiah 9:6 prophesied that Messiah would be called “Prince of Peace”
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
2. Melchizedek Portrays Christ as KingThis title relates Him back to MelchizedekThe ancient “King of Salem” from Abraham’s day and the “Prince of Peace” of Jesus’ day are similarAnother connection to the “King of Salem” – Salem is an early name for Jerusalem – the City of David –Jesus was a descendant of King David
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
3. Melchizedek portrays Christ as Eternal“He is without father or mother or genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God he continues a priest forever.” (Hebrews 7:3)The past kings of Israel before Babylonian captivity traced their genealogy back to King David. The priests of Israel traced their genealogy back to Aaron – those priests returning back from Babylon who could no longer give evidence of their genealogy were not permitted to serve any longer as priests
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
3. Melchizedek portrays Christ as EternalBut the first priest-king had no genealogyHe appears from obscurity out of the pages of historyWe know nothing of his origins and we know nothing of his deathIn this he is likened to the Son of God
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
3. Melchizedek portrays Christ as EternalSome may say that Jesus has a genealogy and therefore is not like MelchizedekThe answer is found in the pre-existence of JesusThough He has a human genealogy, He also existed before He was born
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
3. Melchizedek portrays Christ as EternalHe appears in the very beginning – “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and Word was God.” (John 1:1)Here is our take away:
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
3. Melchizedek portrays Christ as EternalHe appears in the very beginning – “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and Word was God.” (John 1:1)Here is our take away:The priesthood of Jesus is a better priesthood becauseHe never had a beginning and His priesthood has no end
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
3. Melchizedek portrays Christ as EternalHe will always be our High PriestHe will always be the basis for our forgiveness and our fellowship with God
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
Our lesson teaches us, through a picture of MelchizedekJesus is our High PriestJesus is our KingJesus is eternal
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
JesusThe guarantor of a better covenant (Hebrews 7:22)He is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through Him (Hebrews 7:25)
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
During this coming week,Will you thank God for the precious gift of His Son Jesus,
A Priest in the Order of Melchizedek
During this coming week,Will you thank God for the precious gift of His Son Jesus, andWill you draw near to God, through Jesus?

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The Superiority of Christ - cccpinehurst.org