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Context Clues - SharpSchool

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Context Clues
Finding the meaning of words
Thegovernor visited the zoo and found to his surprise that he had a friendtherein one on the zoo’s pet snakes. Thereptilewrapped itselfchummily aroundthegovernor’s shoulders.TheIndians taught the Europeans to preserve meat by makingpemmican,cakesprepared from dried lean mean mixed with fat, a skill whichsaved manyatrapper’slife.Companyrepresentatives are usuallyreimbursedfor their expenses when theymakebusiness trips; that is, they are repaid for money they have spent for thecompany.Meteoritesare not easy to find, and those shooting stars that do survive the long journey to earth are usually pitted and oddly shaped.Muchcopracomes from the Malay Peninsula. This dried coconut meat is used for making coconut oil.
Using Definitions & Descriptions
1. His brother had been an A student, but Howard was just amediocrestudent.2. Unlike the desert tortoise, which is most active in summer, the box turtle maybedormantin that season.3. I know it is safe to go up in the Gateway Arch, but if you aredubiousabout it,stayhome.4. Although the chairman took twenty minutes just to introduce the main speaker,wewere relieved to find that the speaker wasconcise.5. I don’t know how thosesuaveand courteous parents could have two suchcrudeand rude children.
Opposites
Same words- multiple meanings
The wordcast, for example, can be used in different fields.There’sA. theaterB. fishingC. medicineD. biologyE. general useMark each of these sentences with the letter designating the field involved._____Roger had a cast on his arm for months._____The cast of the play gave a party for the director._____We cast our bait near the lily pads close to shore._____The snake cast its skin in this sunny spot._____Who will cast the first stone?
Infer then define the vocab
Before 1916 grocery shoppers were served by clerks. When the first serve-yourself market,Piggly-Wiggly, was opened, grocery store owners laughed and said the public wouldboycottthe store. But the daring man who thought of the idea, Clarence Saunders, believed he could save money by having the customers serve themselves from open shelves. “They’ll put you out of business; they’llboycottyou,” said some of his competitors. “They’ll steal you blind,” said others. As it turned out, Saunders was right. By getting rid of the clerks and cutting out their salaries, he saved the customers money on their groceries, and far fromboycottinghim, they supported him and his merchandizing idea enthusiastically.Inference _____________________________________Dictionary _____________________________________
Tuesday Review
You could see howrepugnantthe bitter medicine was by the way she shuddered and made a face as she swallowed it.Theinitialtraining period, the first six weeks, is thehardest.Manyoctogenarians, that is, people in their eighties, are still spry and healthy.Many things we use ascondimentsin our food, such as pepper, curry powder,andpaprika, cannot be grown in this country.I could tell that he considered himself agourmet, not only by the way heenjoyedhis food, but in the way he studied the menu before he ordered.
Using Definitions & Descriptions
Opposites
Thatboy certainly eats heartily. In fact, he eats as though he were expecting afaminenext year.Ifshe would just get out and jog, she might cancel out the bad effects of asedentaryjob.Ifyou want to save gas, trade in your big carand getacompactcar.Thehomes on the north side of the tracks were poor and shabby, but those onthesouth side were obviouslyaffluent.Youdon’t have toconcurwith what I say, but at least listen with an openmind.
Same words- multiple meanings
Stockcan be either a noun or a verb, and in such varied fields asA. Genealogy(human ancestry)B. botany (the study of plants)C. cookingD. gunsE. businessF. farmingG. finance and investmentsMark each sentence with the letter for the field involved._____Stock is a plant of the mustard family._____Mary comes of good Irish stock._____This delicious soup has a special stock as its base._____The Adams store carries a big stock of men’s shoes._____The stock of this expensive rifle is of polished teak._____A farmer must see that all his stock eat well and regularly._____He has all his money invested in common stock.
Infer then define the vocab
Recently a well-known entertainer said that we need a publiclysubsidizedTVnetworkfor out-of-work comedians. This plan would benefit the public as well asthecomedians. Just because the rating systems and the sponsors cause a show tobecanceled, many top comedians are out of work. Asubsidizedchannel could betheanswer to the problem. If there were either a government fund or a privatelyendowedfund tosubsidizea comedian whose show is dropped for a season, thesetalentedentertainers would not have to drop out of sight. We could continue toenjoythem if the general public would chip in a few cents a week tosubsidizeshowsthat we all enjoy.Inference _____________________________________Dictionary _____________________________________

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Context Clues - SharpSchool