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AEMP_AprilLambing_March2015

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Annual Ewe Management Program(April Lambing)
I. Ewe Production Stages
Flushing:November1 to November 15Breeding:November15 to December 7EarlyGestation:December1 to March 20LateGestation:March20 to April 13AverageLambing Date:April13Lactation:April13 to June 20AverageWeaning Date: June 20Post-Weaning:June20 to July 1Maintenance:July1 to November 1
II. Nutritional Flushing(14 days)
Enter in 1.5 to 2.0 BCSMineral, water, shadeTwo weeks before and entire 3-weekbreeding seasonBenefits1. Synchronized breeding/conception/lambing2. 15 to 20% higher lambing rateE. No benefit if BCS > 3.0
II. Nutritional Flushing(14 days)
Minimally IntensiveGraze same pastureNo concentrate supplementTurn rams in on November 15
II. Nutritional Flushing(14 days)
Moderately IntensiveDe-worm ewes/rams on November 1New pastureor3.0lbhay/ewe/d on pastureNo concentrate supplementTurn rams in on November 15
II. Nutritional Flushing(14 days)
Highly IntensiveDe-worm ewes/rams on November 1Trim hooves/foot bath (Zinc Sulfate)New pasture and/or 3.0lbhay/ewe/d on pasture0.5lbshelled corn/ewe/dTurn rams in on November 15ADG = 0.2 to 0.25lb/ewe/dLeave in 2.0 to 2.5 BCS
III. Breeding(21 days)
Continue minimal, moderate, high intensity management for21 daysSame pasture for 7 days after ram removalLeave breeding in 2.0 to 2.5 BCS3 to 5lbhay/ewe/d if pasture is shortMineral, waterEwes: ramMature 35to50:1Yrlg20to35:1Lamb 15to20:1
IV. Early Gestation(110 days)
Enter in 2.0 to 2.5 BCSADG = 0.07lb/ewe (total gain = 7 to 10lb)Mineral, waterLeave in 2.0 to 2.5 BCSFeed quality vs. quantity
IV. Early Gestation(110 days)
Minimally IntensiveRoll baled grass hay (medium quality) or 3 to 5lb/ewe/d on pasture
IV. Early Gestation(110 days)
Cull open ewesFAMACHA/BCS beginning of EGDe-worm 4’s and 5’sDe-worm 3’s with BCS < 2.5Roll baled grass hay (medium quality) or 5lb/ewe/d on pasture
IV. Early Gestation(110 days)
Check raddle marks for 17dafterbreeding season/cull opensVaccinate for vibrio between March 1 and 15FAMACHA/BCS beginning of EGDe-worm 4’s and 5’sDe-worm 3’s with BCS < 2.5Roll baled grass hay (medium quality) or 5lb/ewe/d on pasture0.5 to 1.0lbcorn/ewe/d for ewes < 2.5 BCS
V. Late Gestation(28 days)
Enter in 3.0 BCS.Mineral, waterADG = 0.5lb/ewe/dLeave in 3.5 to 4.0 BCS
V. Late Gestation(28 days)
Minimally IntensiveContinue to feed grasshayadlibitum or 5.0lb/ewe/d until spring grass comesHay quality higher than EG
V. Late Gestation(28 days)
Moderately IntensiveShearFAMACHA/BCS first day of LGDe-worm 3’s, 4’s, and 5’sVibrio vaccination between March 1 and 15Medium quality grass hay ad libitum or 5.0lb/ewe/d until ewes quit eating in spring
V. Late Gestation(28 days)
Highly IntensiveShearFAMACHA/BCS first day of LGDe-worm 3’s, 4’s, and 5’sVibrio vaccination between March 1 and 15CDT vaccinationBegin to feed 3.3lbgrass hay (vegetative) + pasture pickings + 1.2lbcorn or spring pasture + 1.0lbcorn/ewe/dMove ewes to barn or lot close to barn
VI. Lambing
Enter in 3.5 to 4.0 BCSMineral, waterLeave in 3.5 to 4.0 BCS
VI. Lambing
Minimally IntensiveFeed hay as long as they will eat itLamb in lot or small pasture near barnDock, castrate, identify lambs
VI. Lambing
Moderately IntensiveFeed hay as long as they will eat itLamb in lot or small pasture near barnDock, castrate, identify lambsSet up grafting area and graftArtificially rear
VI. Lambing
Highly IntensiveMove ewes to barn 7 days before 1stlambHeaviest ewes in “up close” penContinue to move ewes into “up close” pen as ewes lamb3.5lbgrass, 3.5lbgrass legume or 3.0lbalfalfa hay + 1.5lbshelled corn/ewe/d
VI. Lambing
Highly IntensiveAs ewes lamb, move to jugsIodine navelMake sure lambs nurse and ewe claimsOnly water first 24 hours3.0lbgrass hay/ewe/d for 2 to 5 daysDock, castrate, ear tag lambs on their way to nursery penDe-worm all ewes out of jugsIn nursery pen, 5.0lbalfalfa hay + 1.0lbcorn/ewe/d
VII. Lactation(60 to 70 days)
Enter in 3.5 to 4.0 BCSMineral, water, shadeLeave lactation in 1.5 to 2.0 BCSFeed for milk, not BCS
VII. Lactation(60 to 70 days)
Minimally Intensive1. Graze spring, grass pasture
VII. Lactation(60 to 70 days)
Moderately Intensive1. Graze spring pasture + 1.0lbcorn/ewe/d2. Rotate pastures – At least 30drecovery time3. De-worm ewes with FAMACHA’s 3, 4,and 54. Cease corn feeding 1 week beforeweaning
VII. Lactation(60 to 70 days)
Highly Intensive1. Graze spring pasture + 1.0lbcorn/ewe/d2. Rotate pastures – At least 30drecovery time3. FAMACHA ewes at 30, 45, and 60 days4. De-worm 3’s, 4’s, and 5’s5. Cease corn feeding 1 week beforeweaning
VIII. Post-weaning(10 days)
Cease corn feeding 1 week before weaning moderately and highly intensive ewesNo feed or water for 48 hoursIf weather is hot, provide water and shadeWater, allow to graze 2hrfor 3 daysGradually allow to graze full time
IX. Maintenance(123 days)
Enter in 1.5 to 2.0 BCSDe-worm FAMACHA’s 3, 4, and 5Graze lowest quality pasture until next flushingPalpate udders 4 weeks after weaningFAMACHA and de-worm 3’s, 4’s, and 5’s againCull ewesMineral, water, shadeVaccinate for vibrio and EAE 30 days before breedingLeave in 1.5 to2.0 BCS
Annual Ram Management Program(April Lambing)
I. Nutritional Flushing(14 days)
Enter in 2.5 to 3.0 BCSMineral, waterLeave in 2.5 to 3.0 BCS
I. Nutritional Flushing(14 days)
Minimally IntensiveNo concentrateRemain on average pasture
I. Nutritional Flushing(14 days)
Moderately IntensiveDe-worm fertile rams on November 7No concentrateRemain on average pasture
I. Nutritional Flushing(14 days)
Highly IntensiveDe-worm fertile rams on November 71.5 to 2.0lbcorn/ram/d November 1 to 15
II. Breeding(21 days)
Turn fertile rams in on November 15Manage like ewes, except supplement highly intensive rams with 1.5 to 2.0lbcorn/ram/dEwes to ram ratio:Mature 35 to 50:1Yrlg20 to 35:1Lamb 15 to 20:1Remove rams on December 7 inBCS of 2.0 to 2.5
III. Maintenance(330 days)
Re-acquaint ramsAssign to winter pastureSeparate ram lambs fromyrlgsand mature ramsGrass hay ad libitum toyrlgsand mature ramsGrass hay ad libitum + 1.5 to 2.0lbcorn/ram/d to ram lambsShear wool types in March/AprilTrim hooves and de-worm in March/April
III. Maintenance(330 days)
Pen all rams in barn on May 14 to 5lbgrass hay + 1.0 to 2.0lbcorn/ram/dKeep mature rams, yearlings, and lambs separately in barn or on pasture until November 15Turn to fall pasture on October 1BSE on Highly Intensive ramsDe-worm all rams in Moderately and Highly Intensive management on November 7Mineral, water, shade
Annual Lamb Management Program(April Lambing)
I. Moderately Intensive
Born in lot or small pasture near barnIodine navelDock, castrate, ear tagMay vaccinate for sore mouthReturn to pasture with ewesDe-worm as needed
I. Moderately Intensive
Wean at 90 days to pasture or sell as feedersTo grass pastureAdjust to 90% corn 10% SBM diet2 Feed 1x/day @ 2% of average body weight3 De-worm as necessaryRotate pasturesMineral, water, shadeMarket at 100 to 130lbin Nov/Dec
I. Highly Intensive
Born in “up close” pens in barnTo jugsWeigh, record, iodine navelIn jugs 24 hours up to 2 to 5 daysDock, castrate, ear tagMay vaccinate for sore mouth
I. Highly Intensive
Move to pastures so ewes and lambs have access to barnCreep available by 7 days of ageCreep = 90% corn, 10% SBM, Aureo-50Vaccinate forEnterotoxemiaWean at 60 to 70 days of ageLeave lambs in same environmentDe-worm
I. Highly Intensive
Move to alfalfa pastureSupplement 1x/d with corn at 2% of average body weightRotate pasturesClipaftergrazingto hay cutting heightDe-worm as necessaryCan self-feed as lambs get close to marketMineral, water, shadeB. Market at 100 to 120lbin Oct/Nov

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AEMP_AprilLambing_March2015