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Stress Elimination Theory(SET)
Karla S AndersonRN, BSN, CHPN, LDHS, LMT, CNC,CTTHSETbyKarlaRN@gmail.comOffice: 269-781-6417
Mechanical Stressors
NutritionalStressors
EmotionalStressors
Timing
Thoughts
Toxicity
Spiritual
Environment
Health
Person
Spiritual
Spiritual
Spiritual
Caregiver
Education, Assessment, and Caring for the Mind, Body & Spirit“Nurse/Caregiver” of the “Person” affected by “Health” and “Environment”Karla S. AndersonStress Elimination Theory (SET) 2015
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Stress Elimination Theory (SET) Statement
“Education, Assessment and Caring for the Mind, Body and Spirit as it relates toNursing/Caringof the Person affected by Health and Environment”.
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Sources of Stress (SOS) Affecting the Person
MechanicalAffected by Timing, Thought and ToxicityEmotional,Affected by Thoughts, Toxicity and TimingNutritionalAffected by Toxicity, Timing and ThoughtsSpiritualAffected by Mechanical, Emotional, Nutritional, Timing, Thoughts, Toxicity
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
“It’s so hard, it’s easy”
Once a cause or stressor is determined, a plan of care (POC) can be put into place to reduce that stressor, allowing the bodyto heal itself.
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Caregiver = Practitioner/Nurse/Therapist/Family
Caregiveris the catalyst for educating the person in health and environment.Likea catalyst,caregivingdoes not become part of the equation nor is it changed by the equation, however it can catalyze numerous persons in health and environment.The caregivergives two kinds ofcaresickcarehealthcare.
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Focus is on…”PERSONALIZED CARE”
Assessing, caring for and educating the person, moving them towards their goal of health.The person is encouraged to take control and be responsible for their health.The caregiver with the spirit of flexibility encourages the patient insetting goalsexploring the means to reach the goalsencouraging them to achieve their goals
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Caregiver tools
Questionnaires, Physical palpation, Labs, AssessmentsIdentifying Mechanical, Nutritional, Emotional or Spiritual StressorsFaceto face conversationrelatingto signs and symptoms the person is experiencing.ListeningEducating on basichealth principles.Spirit of caring.
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Healing is catalyzed by “Caring”
Caring isnot limited to allopathic medicalpersonnelCaring includesFamily membersFriendsNeighborsTraditional healersNaturopathic healers
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
You cannot separate Personfrom Health or Environment
Theperson is the product of both.TheSOS affecting the mechanical, emotional, nutritional and spiritual aspects of the person determines the person’s extent of wellness or illness.Byeducating on health principles as theorized by Nola Pender in her Health Promotion Model (HPM)patient’slives can be improved by prevention and healthy lifestyles (Butts, & Rich, 2010, p. 405).
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Education and Acknowledgement
Education and acknowledgement are key toAwarenessPositive lifestyle choicesCultural congruenceCulture is the broadest, most comprehensive holistic and universal feature of human beings and the highest standard of health is a fundamental right of the human being (Leininger, 2008).
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Health and EnvironmentAffects the PersonInternally and Externally
Mechanicalinternalissues may include healthy organs or diseases and brokenbonesexternalissues may include adequate or inadequatehousingNutritionalinternalissues may include the body’s inability to assimilatenutrientsexternalissues may include lack of funding forfoodEmotionalinternalissues may include positive or negativeself-thoughtsexternalissues may include positive or negative relationships with other humanbeingsSpiritualinternalissues may include a lack offaithexternalissues may include being in a faithlessenvironment
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Focus on FindingImbalances
Health is all about bringing balance/homeostasis back to the body.Intervention may include referralsassistance with housing, food, clothing, counseling and education in nutrition, and healthy physical habits as well as direct care.External environment may also introduce negative or positive energy into the body.An example of negative external influence on health is breast cancer and cell phones. Research into cell phones, which are two-way microwave radios emitting low frequency radiation, and their link to breast cancer has been studied for two years as young women are developing this disease in the exact areas they keep their cell phones in their bras (West et al., 2013, p. 3).Imogene King theorizes, the environment is the background for human interaction, involving internal and external stimuli (King, 2015).
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Timing, Thoughts and Toxicity
Affectthe person’s health and environment.Ifthese are contributing a source of stress to the body, the body cannot be healthy.Timingrelates to the body’s synchronization and its number of functions and stressors that affect the circadian rhythm.Thoughtsinfluence emotions, thus affecting the person in a positive or negative manner.Toxicitycan refer to the condition of cells within the body or the external environment the person lives in that affects the cells within the body. Each cell has a different function and is interdependent upon other cells. If cells become toxic and cannot function, disease may begin.Humanbeings live or die at a cellular level (Loomis, 1999).
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
Supporting Concepts for SET
MechanicalStressEmotionalStressNutritionalStressSpiritualStressTimingThoughtsToxicityEducationAssessmentBalance/HomeostasisCare/CaringConversationAcknowledgementAccepting Responsibility
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
SETEmbracesThese Assumptions
Thebody can heal itself when sources of stress are identified, addressed, and eliminated.Througheducation, assessment and care, disease can be prevented.The caregiveris the catalyst for change.Timing, thoughts and toxicity are key elements in creating sources of stress.The personmust want to heal in order to heal.Simplequestionnaires and assessments give invaluable insight.Eachperson is unique and the plan of care must be unique to each person.Duringthe healing process the plan of care will change, healing is evolving.Healthis all about bringing the person back into balance/homeostasis and educating them to maintain balance/homeostasis in their environment and health.Acknowledgementby the person must happen in order for change to occur.Healingenvironments help the body to de-stress and heal.Conversationshelp the body to heal, being heard by three different individuals who simply listen allows the conversationalist to form resolutions, make decisions and set goals.
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
In Closing…
Changeis always challenging, using Kurt Lewin’s Change Theory relating to unfreezing, change and refreezing, it is this author’s hope and goal to bring understanding to Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM), holistic modalities and naturopathic care.Promotinga mix of these modalities in care will only benefit thepersonsbeing served and support their ethnicity, customs and practices.The allopathic worldhasnot always embraced ethnic practices, new theory or even new evidence based research.
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
In Closing…
There is a divide based upon assumptions and possibly a fear of change and what it would mean to change.It is common acceptance to provide sick care, yet there is a hesitancy to promote health care.It is going to take continued education, continued positive outcomes and integrity within the holistic field and all holistic practice caregivers to help make a change.Promoting the Stress Elimination Theory and incorporating all it represents, this speaker believes that change will occur and the persons it serves will be able to experience a better quality of life.
Copywright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com
ReferencesButts, J. B., & Rich, K. L. (2010). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice. Retrieved from https://digitalbookshelf.southuniversity.edu/#/books/9781449622541/pages/49060155Jackson, M. (2012). The pursuit of happiness: The social and scientific origins of HansSelye’snatural philosophy of life. History of the Human Sciences, 25 (5), 13-29. Doi:10.1177/0952695112468526Leininger, M. (2008). Overview ofLeininger’stheory of culture care diversity and universality. Retrieved from http://www.madeleine-leininger.com/cc/overview.pdfLoomis, H. (2005). Enzymes: The key to health, the fundamentals. Madison. WI: Enzyme Formulations Inc.Parker, M. (2005). Nursing theories & nursing practice (2ndedition). Philadelphia. PA: E. A. David CompanyNursing Theories. (2012). Modeling and role modeling theory. Retrieved from http://nursingplanet.com/theory/modeling_and_role-modeling_theory.htmlNursing Theory.org. (2015). Imogene king: Nursing theorist, theory of goal attainment. Retrieved from http://www.nursing-theiry.org/nursing-theorists/Imogene-King.phpWest, John G., Kapoor,NimmiS., Liao, Shu-Yuan, Chen, June W., Bailey, Lisa andNagourney, Robert A. (2013). Multifocal breast cancer in young women with prolonged contact between their breasts and their cell phones. Case Reports in Medicine. Retrieved from http://hindawicom/journals/crim/2013/354682/
Copyright 2015 Karla S Anderson, for educational purposes. KarlaRN.com

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