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CLOUD COMPUTING SECURITY - Kent State University

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CLOUD COMPUTING SECURITY
MesutKoseDesign of Secure Operating Systems
What is Cloud Computing?
A model to enable convenient, on demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources.Cloud Deployment Models:Private Cloud: Thecloud infrastructure is operated for a private organization. It may be managed by the organization or a thirdparty.Community Cloud:The cloud infrastructure is shared by several organizations and supports a specific community that has communalconcerns such as security, policy and compliance considerations.Public Cloud:The cloud infrastructure is made available to the general public or a large industry group and is owned by an organization selling cloud services.Hybrid Cloud:The cloud infrastructure is a composition of two or more cloudsthatremain unique entities, but are bound together by standardized or proprietarytechnology, that enables data and application portabilitybetween clouds.
Cloud Computing Security
Trust in a cloud environment depends heavily on the selected deploymentmodel.Perimeter Securityis a set of physical and programmatic security policies that provide levels of protection on a conceptual borderline against remote maliciousactivity.Separation is the key ingredient of any secure system, and is based on the ability to create boundaries between those entities that must be protected and those which cannot betrusted.Trusted Third Party within a cloud environment by enabling trust and using cryptography to ensure the confidentiality, integrity and authenticity of data and communications, while attempting to address specific security vulnerabilities.
Cloud Computing Security
Security in general, is related to the important aspects of confidentiality, integrity and availability;thus theybecome building blocksindesigning secure systems.Multitenancyrefersto the cloud characteristic of resource sharing.Data confidentiality in the cloud is correlated to user authentication.Software confidentiality refers to trusting that specific applications or processes will maintain and handle the user’s personal data in a secure manner.In a cloud environment the user is required to delegate “trust” to applications provided by the organization owning the infrastructure.Privacy is the desire of a person to control the disclosure of personal information.
Cloud Computing Security
Integrity means that assets can be modified only by authorized parties or in authorized ways and refers to data, software and hardware.Authorization is the mechanism by which a system determines what level of access a particular authenticated user should have to secured resources controlled by thesystem.Software Integrity refers to protecting software from unauthorized deletion, modification, theft or fabrication.Inthe cloud, responsibility for the protection of the software’s integrity is transferred to the software’s owner or administrator.
Trusted Third Party
In cryptography, a Trusted Third Party (TTP) is an entity which facilitates secure interactions between two parties who both trust this third party.TTPs are operationally connected through chains of trust(certificate paths)in order to provide a web of trust forming the notion of a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI).PKIimplementionmodels: Strong Authentication, Authorization,DataConfidentiality,DataIntegrity and Non-Repudiation.PKI in a distributed informationsystem benefitsfrom the coupling with adirectory.In a Single-Sign-On (SSO)environment, a user does not need to repeatedly enter passwords to access resources across a network.
Trusted Third Party
PKI enables implementingIPSecor SSL for secure communications.IPSecis an IP layer protocol that enables the sending and receiving of cryptographically protected packets of any kind (TCP, UDP, ICMP, etc.) without any modification.SSL protocol generates end-to-end encryption by interfacing between applications and the TCPIP protocols to provide client–server authentication and an encrypted communications channel betweenclient–server.IPSecis compatible with any application but requires anIPSecclient to be installed on each remote device (PC, PDA, etc.) to add the encryption.Single-Sign-On is critical for server and client authentication.To maximize interoperability between communicating parties, it is a necessity to adopt widely used standards. Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) isan XML-based standard for exchanging authentication and authorization of data between securitydomains.
Trusted Third Party
Cryptographic separation ofdata requiresSaSandAaSmodels.Confidentiality and integrity, but also privacy of data can be protected through encryption. Using a combination of asymmetric and symmetric cryptographiccanoffer the efficiency of symmetric cryptography while maintaining the security of asymmetric cryptography.Certificate Based authorizationIna cloud environment, the relationship between resources and users is moredynamic, resource providers and users are not in the same security domain, and users are usually identified by their characteristics or attributes rather than predefined identities.Attribute based access control, making access decisions based on the attributes of requestors, resources, and the environment, provides the flexibility and scalability that are essential to large-scale distributed systems such as the cloud.
Conclusion
This presentation attempts to proposea security solution to a number of challenges in a cloudenvironmentby trusting a Third Party.Trust essentially operates in a top-down fashion, as every layer needs to trust the layer immediately below it, and requires a security guarantee at an operational, technical, procedural and legal level to enable secure communications withit.A trusted certificate serves as a reliable electronic “passport”With the developing technology, Cloud environment will improve and offer better solutions to security issues.
Works Cited
K.Stanoevska-Slabeva, T. WozniakGrid and Cloud Computing-A Business Perspective on Technology and ApplicationsSpringer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)NationalInstitute of Standards and Technology, The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing, Information Technology Laboratory, 2009.E.Naone, Technology overview, conjuring clouds, MIT Technology Review, July–August, 2009.MerrillLynch, The cloud wars: $100+ billion at stake, Merrill Lynch, 2008.D. Harris, Why ‘grid’ doesn’t sell, 2008.G. ReeseCloud Application Architectures: Building Applications and Infrastructure in the Cloud, Theory in Practice, O’Reilly Media (2009)B.Rajkumar, C. Yeo, S.Venugopal, S.MalpaniCloud computing and emerging IT platforms: vision, hype, and reality for delivering computing as the 5th utilityFuture Generation Computer Systems (2009)D.Artz, Y. GilA survey of trust in computer science and the semantic webJournal of Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web (2007)DoDComputer Security Center, Trusted computer system evaluation criteria,DoD5200.28-STD, 1985.A.Nagarajan, V.VaradharajanDynamic trust enhanced security model for trusted platform basedFuture Generation Computer Systems (2010)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2010.10.008
Works Cited
International Telecommunication Union, X-509 ∣ ISO/IEC 9594-8, The directory: Public-key and attribute certificate frameworks, ITU, X-Series, 2001.D.LekkasEstablishing and managing trust within the public key infrastructureComputer Communications, 26 (16) (2003)A.GiddensThe Consequences of ModernityPolity Press, UK (1991)K.Tserpes, F.Aisopos, D.Kyriazis, T.VarvarigouService selection decision support in the Internet of servicesEconomics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6296 (2010), pp. 16–33http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-15681-6_2R. ShermanDistributed systems securityComputers & Security, 11 (1) (1992)D.Lekkas, S.Gritzalis, S.KatsikasQuality assured trusted third parties for deploying secure Internet-based healthcare applicationsInternational Journal of Medical Informatics (2002)NationalInstitute of Standards and Technology. Guide for mapping types of information and information systems to security categories, NIST 800-60, 2008.Gartner. Assessing the security risks of cloud computing, Gartner, 2008.CloudSecurity Alliance. Top threats to cloud computing, Cloud Security Alliance, 2010.R. ShermanDistributed systems securityComputers & Security, 11 (1) (1992)
Works Cited
D.PolemiTrusted third party services for health care in EuropeFuture Generation Computer Systems, 14 (1998), pp. 51–59S. Castell, Code of practice and management guidelines for trusted third party services, INFOSEC Project Report S2101/02, 1993.Commissionof the European Community. Green paper on the security of information systems, ver. 4.2.1, 1994.VeriSign. Directories and public—key infrastructure (PKI), Directories and Public—Key Infrastructure, PKI.A.Alshamsi, T. SaitoA technical comparison ofIPSecand SSLCryptology (2004)CloudIdentity Summit, Secure the cloud now, Cloud identity summit, Retrieved on 10/11/2010 from:http://www.cloudidentitysummit.com/.Internet2, Shibboleth [Online] 2007, Retrieved on 10/11/2010 from:http://shibboleth.internet2.edu/.Internet2, FAQ on SAML and Shibboleth relationship, Shibboleth, Internet 2, 2010. Retrieved on 10/11/2010 from:http://shibboleth.internet2.edu/Shibboleth-SAML-FAQ.html.UKFederation Information Centre, UK federation informationcentre, 2007.C.P.Pfleeger, S.L.PfleegerSecurity in ComputingPrentice Hall (2002)B. Lang, I. Foster, F.Siebenlist, R.Ananthakrishnan, T. Freeman, Attribute based access control for grid computing, 2008.JamesB.D. Joshi,WalidG.Aref,ArifGhafoor, Eugene H.SpaffordSecurity models for web-based applications

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CLOUD COMPUTING SECURITY - Kent State University