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CORRUPTION RISKS & PREVENTION STRATEGIES IN …

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UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI
CORRUPTION RISKS & PREVENTIONSTRATEGIES7THNOVEMBER 2014PRESENTED AT THESCHOOL OF MONETARY STUDIESBY:MR. MICHAEL KARUEFINANCE OFFICERUNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI
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PRESENTATION OUTLINE
DefinitionsTypes of corruptionManifestation of CorruptionPressure to Commit corruption/crimeRed flagsHow to address loopholesConclusion2
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DEFINATIONS
Abuse of public power for private gainMisuse of public power, office, or authority for privatebenefitThe abuse of power for personal gain or for the benefit of a group to which one owes allegiance
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TYPES OF CORRUPTION
Grand corruption – Goldenberg levelPetty Corruption – misuse of petty cash, misuse of office telephone, stationary (printing private work), bribes before service delivery, use of labs for private consultanciesUsing office equipments for personal gainQuotation fixing
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Manifestations of Corruption –The Integrity Question
Weak Financial systemsFraudulent transactions- Submitting false claimse.gDental/ spectaclesBribes & Kickbacks- before offering services in the officeFraud – misuse of property and cashFavoritism – financial benefits / opportunities/ tripsEmbezzlement of funds – Revenue at cash collection pointsBreach of Trust - leaking of confidential informationTax Evasion e.g. accepting payments that have not been taxed6
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CONTINUED
Weak and questionable caliber of staffIntimidation of junior staff by their superiorsHiding/ Loss of documentsAbuse of office e.g. misuse of discretionary powersPayroll management – inserting un authorized employeesCreative accounting - presentation doctored petty cash recoupment or accounting for advancesDonor funded projects – accounting for advancesDevolved funds such as e.g. Bursary, CDF – mode of selection of beneficiariesStores- accounting for fixed assets andconsumablee.gEquipments bought under projects7
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PRESSURE TO COMMIT CRIME
Professional integrityPoor cultural values/traditionsWeak disciplinary system- skewed decisions selectivelyNeed to maintain expensive vehicles, lifestyle – dressing, clubs, foodFamily pressure – children education,ResidenceExtra families and their needs- more than oneGambling & Drugs addictsWeak internal controls– exploit weaknessesWeak internal auditfunction - reactive
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RED FLAGS
Staying in Office unnecessarily too longNot taking leaveOverfriendliness with clients- darling of allCreating emergencies in order to by pass Financial and Procurement proceduresTendency to follow up requests for authorization at very short noticeExtravagant lifestyleSenior officers doing menial assignment
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HOW TO ADDRESS CORRUPTION LOOPHOLES
Maintain proper , accurate and up to date recordsAdherence to policies and procedures- e.g. recruitment, budgetingFormulate, implement and enforce policies and procedures manuals across functions in the UniversityProper budgeting and budgetary controlEnhance discipline/prudence in management & use of UON resourcesStrengthen supervision of staffe,gcashiersProper monitoring of existing procedures11
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CONTINNUED.
Managers should be role model & provide leadership to staff under themRegular review of Internal Control systems within the UniversityProper functioning audit departmentRegular staff rotation within the UniversityAppreciate and reward hard work, honesty and integrityKeep constant watch over staff in their duty station - supervisionEnsure committees of the Council including Audit Committee are in place and discharging their responsibilities as per statutesImprove organization culture in the University towards a more responsibleCitizenship12
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BENEFITS OF PREVENTING CORRUPTION
Economic growth in the countryIncreased Domestic & Foreign Investment – confidence in the systemsImproved social behavior & moral standardsConfidence by development partnersFair play in public institutionsEfficient service delivery from public serviceImproved infrastructureImproved justice system/ rule of lawEnhanced public safety & security
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Q &A
THANK YOU ALL
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CORRUPTION RISKS & PREVENTION STRATEGIES IN …